Commit ccfc5e15 authored by Steven Wittens's avatar Steven Wittens

Making the installation instructions a bit clearer for newbies and it...

Making the installation instructions a bit clearer for newbies and it explicitly explains that the commands are for the command line.
parent b8b36bd9
......@@ -4,8 +4,8 @@ REQUIREMENTS
------------
Drupal requires a web server, PHP4 (http://www.php.net/) and either
MySQL or PostgreSQL. Drupal requires PHP 4.1.0 or greater on Linux
and PHP 4.2.3 or greater on Windows. PHP5 is not yet supported.
MySQL or PostgreSQL. Drupal requires PHP 4.1.0 or greater on Linux
and PHP 4.2.3 or greater on Windows. PHP5 is not yet supported.
NOTE: The Apache web server and MySQL database are strongly recommended;
other web server and database combinations such as IIS and PostgreSQL
......@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ OPTIONAL COMPONENTS
-------------------
- To use XML-based services such as the Blogger API, Jabber, RSS
syndication, you will need PHP's XML extension. This extension is
syndication, you will need PHP's XML extension. This extension is
enabled by default in standard PHP4 installations.
- If you want support for clean URLs, you'll need mod_rewrite and
......@@ -43,37 +43,45 @@ INSTALLATION
1. DOWNLOAD DRUPAL
You can obtain the latest Drupal release from http://drupal.org/.
Download the current tar.gz format and extract the files:
The files are in .tar.gz format and can be extracted using most
compression tools. On a typical Unix command line, use:
$ wget http://drupal.org/files/project/drupal-x.x.x.tgz
$ tar -zxvf drupal-x.x.x.tgz
wget http://drupal.org/files/project/drupal-x.x.x.tgz
tar -zxvf drupal-x.x.x.tgz
This will create a new directory drupal-x.x.x/ containing all
Drupal files and directories. Move the contents of that directory
Drupal files and directories. Move the contents of that directory
into a directory within your web server's document root or your
public HTML directory:
$ mv drupal-x.x.x/* drupal-x.x.x/.htaccess /var/www/html
mv drupal-x.x.x/* drupal-x.x.x/.htaccess /var/www/html
2. CREATE THE DRUPAL DATABASE
These instructions are for MySQL. If you are using another database,
check the database documentation. In the following examples,
This step is only necessary if you don't already have a database
set-up (e.g. by your host).
If you control your databases through a web-based control panel
check its documentation for creating databases, as these instructions
are for the command-line.
These instructions are for MySQL. If you are using another database,
check the database documentation. In the following examples,
"dba_user" is an example MySQL user which has the CREATE and GRANT
privileges. You will need to use the appropriate user name for your
privileges. You will need to use the appropriate user name for your
system.
First, you must create a new database for your Drupal site:
$ mysqladmin -u dba_user -p create drupal
mysqladmin -u dba_user -p create drupal
MySQL will prompt for the dba_user database password and then create
the initial database files. Next you must login and set the access
the initial database files. Next you must login and set the access
database rights:
$ mysql -u dba_user -p
mysql -u dba_user -p
Again, you will be asked for the dba_user database password. At the
Again, you will be asked for the dba_user database password. At the
MySQL prompt, enter following command:
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON drupal.*
......@@ -97,21 +105,31 @@ INSTALLATION
3. LOAD THE DRUPAL DATABASE SCHEME
Once you have a database, you must load the required tables:
Once you have a database, you must load the required tables into
the database.
If you use a web-based control panel, you should be
able to upload the file 'database.mysql' from Drupal's 'database'
directory and run it directly as SQL commands.
From the command line, use:
$ mysql -u nobody -p drupal < database/database.mysql
mysql -u nobody -p drupal < database/database.mysql
4. CONNECTING DRUPAL
The default configuration can be found in the
'sites/default/settings.php' file within your Drupal installation.
Before you can run Drupal, you must set the database URL and the
base URL to the web site. Open the configuration file and edit the
base URL to the web site. Open the configuration file and edit the
$db_url line to match the database defined in the previous steps:
$db_url = "mysql://username:password@localhost/drupal";
$db_url = "mysql://username:password@localhost/database";
where 'username', 'password', 'localhost' and 'database' are the
username, password, host and database name for your set up.
Set $base_url to match the address to your web site:
Set $base_url to match the address to your Drupal site:
$base_url = "http://www.example.com";
......@@ -121,19 +139,19 @@ INSTALLATION
next section.
Additional site configurations are created in subdirectories within
the 'sites' directory. Each site subdirectory must have a
'settings.php' file which specifies the configuration settings. The
the 'sites' directory. Each site subdirectory must have a
'settings.php' file which specifies the configuration settings. The
easiest way to create additional sites is to copy the 'default'
directory and modify the 'settings.php' file as appropriate. The new
directory name is constructed from the site's URL. The
directory and modify the 'settings.php' file as appropriate. The new
directory name is constructed from the site's URL. The
configuration for www.example.com could be in
'sites/example.com/settings.php' (note that 'www.' should be omitted
if users can access your site at http://example.com/).
Sites do not each have to have a different domain. You can use
subdomains and subdirectories for Drupal sites also. For example,
Sites do not each have to have a different domain. You can use
subdomains and subdirectories for Drupal sites also. For example,
example.com, sub.example.com, and sub.example.com/site3 can all be
defined as independent Drupal sites. The setup for a configuration
defined as independent Drupal sites. The setup for a configuration
such as this would look like the following:
sites/default/settings.php
......@@ -156,9 +174,9 @@ INSTALLATION
Each site configuration can have its own site-specific modules and
themes that will be made available in addition to those installed
in the standard 'modules' and 'themes' directories. To use
in the standard 'modules' and 'themes' directories. To use
site-specific modules or themes, simply create a 'modules' or
'themes' directory within the site configuration directory. For
'themes' directory within the site configuration directory. For
example, if sub.example.dom has a custom theme and a custom module
that should not be accessible to other sites, the setup would look
like this:
......@@ -177,23 +195,25 @@ INSTALLATION
You can now launch your browser and point it to your Drupal site.
Create an account and login. The first account will automatically
Create an account and login. The first account will automatically
become the main administrator account.
6. CRON TASKS
Many Drupal modules have periodic tasks that must be triggered by a
cron job. To activate these tasks, you must call the cron page;
this will pass control to the modules and the modules will decide
cron job. To activate these tasks, you must call the cron page by
visiting http://www.example.com/cron.php ;
This will pass control to the modules and the modules will decide
if and what they must do.
The following example crontab line will activate the cron script
on the hour:
Most systems support the crontab utility for scheduling tasks like
this. The following example crontab line will activate the cron
tasks automatically on the hour:
0 * * * * wget -O - -q http://HOSTNAME/cron.php
0 * * * * wget -O - -q http://www.example.com/cron.php
More information about the cron scripts are available in the admin
help pages and in the Drupal handbook at drupal.org. Example
help pages and in the Drupal handbook at drupal.org. Example
scripts can be found in the scripts/ directory.
DRUPAL ADMINISTRATION
......@@ -205,8 +225,8 @@ access rights.
Use your administration panel to enable and configure services. For
example, set some general settings for your site with "Administration -
configuration". Enable modules via "Administration - configuration -
modules". User permissions can be set with "Administration - accounts
configuration". Enable modules via "Administration - configuration -
modules". User permissions can be set with "Administration - accounts
- permissions".
For more information on configuration options, read through the
......@@ -220,10 +240,10 @@ CUSTOMIZING YOUR THEME(S)
-------------------------
Now that your server is running, you will want to customize the look
of your site. Several sample themes are included in the Drupal
of your site. Several sample themes are included in the Drupal
installation and more can be downloaded from drupal.org.
Customizing each theme depends on the theme. In general, each theme
Customizing each theme depends on the theme. In general, each theme
contains a PHP file themename.theme which defines a function header()
that can be changed to reference your own logos.
......@@ -252,6 +272,6 @@ MORE INFORMATION
For platform specific configuration issues and other installation and
administration assistance, please consult the Drupal handbook at
http://drupal.org/. You can also find support at the Drupal support
http://drupal.org/. You can also find support at the Drupal support
forum or through the Drupal mailing lists.
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