.htaccess 6.98 KB
Newer Older
1
#
2
# Apache/PHP/Drupal settings:
3 4
#

5
# Protect files and directories from prying eyes.
6
<FilesMatch "\.(engine|inc|install|make|module|profile|po|sh|.*sql|theme|twig|tpl(\.php)?|xtmpl|yml)(~|\.sw[op]|\.bak|\.orig|\.save)?$|^(\..*|Entries.*|Repository|Root|Tag|Template)$|^#.*#$|\.php(~|\.sw[op]|\.bak|\.orig\.save)$">
7 8 9 10 11 12
  <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
    Require all denied
  </IfModule>
  <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
    Order allow,deny
  </IfModule>
13
</FilesMatch>
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
14

15
# Don't show directory listings for URLs which map to a directory.
16
Options -Indexes
17 18

# Follow symbolic links in this directory.
19
Options +FollowSymLinks
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
20

21
# Make Drupal handle any 404 errors.
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
22 23
ErrorDocument 404 /index.php

24
# Set the default handler.
25
DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm
26

27 28 29 30
# Add correct encoding for SVGZ.
AddType image/svg+xml svg svgz
AddEncoding gzip svgz

31
# Override PHP settings that cannot be changed at runtime. See
32 33 34
# sites/default/default.settings.php and
# Drupal\Core\DrupalKernel::bootEnvironment() for settings that can be
# changed at runtime.
35

36
# PHP 5, Apache 1 and 2.
37
<IfModule mod_php5.c>
38
  php_flag session.auto_start               off
39 40
  php_value mbstring.http_input             pass
  php_value mbstring.http_output            pass
41
  php_flag mbstring.encoding_translation    off
42 43
</IfModule>

44
# Requires mod_expires to be enabled.
45
<IfModule mod_expires.c>
46 47
  # Enable expirations.
  ExpiresActive On
48

49 50
  # Cache all files for 2 weeks after access (A).
  ExpiresDefault A1209600
51

52 53 54 55 56 57
  <FilesMatch \.php$>
    # Do not allow PHP scripts to be cached unless they explicitly send cache
    # headers themselves. Otherwise all scripts would have to overwrite the
    # headers set by mod_expires if they want another caching behavior. This may
    # fail if an error occurs early in the bootstrap process, and it may cause
    # problems if a non-Drupal PHP file is installed in a subdirectory.
58
    ExpiresActive Off
59
  </FilesMatch>
60 61
</IfModule>

62
# Various rewrite rules.
63 64
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
  RewriteEngine on
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
65

66 67 68 69 70 71 72
  # Set "protossl" to "s" if we were accessed via https://.  This is used later
  # if you enable "www." stripping or enforcement, in order to ensure that
  # you don't bounce between http and https.
  RewriteRule ^ - [E=protossl]
  RewriteCond %{HTTPS} on
  RewriteRule ^ - [E=protossl:s]

73 74 75 76
  # Make sure Authorization HTTP header is available to PHP
  # even when running as CGI or FastCGI.
  RewriteRule ^ - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization}]

77 78 79 80 81 82 83
  # Block access to "hidden" directories whose names begin with a period. This
  # includes directories used by version control systems such as Subversion or
  # Git to store control files. Files whose names begin with a period, as well
  # as the control files used by CVS, are protected by the FilesMatch directive
  # above.
  #
  # NOTE: This only works when mod_rewrite is loaded. Without mod_rewrite, it is
84
  # not possible to block access to entire directories from .htaccess because
85 86 87 88 89 90 91
  # <DirectoryMatch> is not allowed here.
  #
  # If you do not have mod_rewrite installed, you should remove these
  # directories from your webroot or otherwise protect them from being
  # downloaded.
  RewriteRule "(^|/)\." - [F]

92 93 94
  # If your site can be accessed both with and without the 'www.' prefix, you
  # can use one of the following settings to redirect users to your preferred
  # URL, either WITH or WITHOUT the 'www.' prefix. Choose ONLY one option:
95
  #
96 97
  # To redirect all users to access the site WITH the 'www.' prefix,
  # (http://example.com/... will be redirected to http://www.example.com/...)
98
  # uncomment the following:
99
  # RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} .
100
  # RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC]
101
  # RewriteRule ^ http%{ENV:protossl}://www.%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301]
102
  #
103
  # To redirect all users to access the site WITHOUT the 'www.' prefix,
104
  # (http://www.example.com/... will be redirected to http://example.com/...)
105 106
  # uncomment the following:
  # RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.(.+)$ [NC]
107
  # RewriteRule ^ http%{ENV:protossl}://%1%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301]
108

109 110 111 112 113 114
  # Modify the RewriteBase if you are using Drupal in a subdirectory or in a
  # VirtualDocumentRoot and the rewrite rules are not working properly.
  # For example if your site is at http://example.com/drupal uncomment and
  # modify the following line:
  # RewriteBase /drupal
  #
115
  # If your site is running in a VirtualDocumentRoot at http://example.com/,
116 117
  # uncomment the following line:
  # RewriteBase /
Dries's avatar
Dries committed
118

119
  # Redirect common PHP files to their new locations.
120 121
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(.*)?/(install.php) [OR]
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(.*)?/(rebuild.php)
122 123 124
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !core
  RewriteRule ^ %1/core/%2 [L,QSA,R=301]

125
  # Pass all requests not referring directly to files in the filesystem to
126
  # index.php.
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
127 128
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
129
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !=/favicon.ico
130
  RewriteRule ^ index.php [L]
131

132 133 134 135
  # For security reasons, deny access to other PHP files on public sites.
  # Note: The following URI conditions are not anchored at the start (^),
  # because Drupal may be located in a subdirectory. To further improve
  # security, you can replace '!/' with '!^/'.
136
  # Allow access to PHP files in /core (like authorize.php or install.php):
137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !/core/[^/]*\.php$
  # Allow access to test-specific PHP files:
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !/core/modules/system/tests/https?.php$
  # Allow access to Statistics module's custom front controller.
  # Copy and adapt this rule to directly execute PHP files in contributed or
  # custom modules or to run another PHP application in the same directory.
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !/core/modules/statistics/statistics.php$
  # Deny access to any other PHP files that do not match the rules above.
145 146
  # Specifically, disallow autoload.php from being served directly.
  RewriteRule "^(.+/.*|autoload)\.php$" - [F]
147

148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166
  # Rules to correctly serve gzip compressed CSS and JS files.
  # Requires both mod_rewrite and mod_headers to be enabled.
  <IfModule mod_headers.c>
    # Serve gzip compressed CSS files if they exist and the client accepts gzip.
    RewriteCond %{HTTP:Accept-encoding} gzip
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.gz -s
    RewriteRule ^(.*)\.css $1\.css\.gz [QSA]

    # Serve gzip compressed JS files if they exist and the client accepts gzip.
    RewriteCond %{HTTP:Accept-encoding} gzip
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.gz -s
    RewriteRule ^(.*)\.js $1\.js\.gz [QSA]

    # Serve correct content types, and prevent mod_deflate double gzip.
    RewriteRule \.css\.gz$ - [T=text/css,E=no-gzip:1]
    RewriteRule \.js\.gz$ - [T=text/javascript,E=no-gzip:1]

    <FilesMatch "(\.js\.gz|\.css\.gz)$">
      # Serve correct encoding type.
167
      Header set Content-Encoding gzip
168 169 170 171
      # Force proxies to cache gzipped & non-gzipped css/js files separately.
      Header append Vary Accept-Encoding
    </FilesMatch>
  </IfModule>
172
</IfModule>
173 174 175 176 177 178

# Add headers to all responses.
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
  # Disable content sniffing, since it's an attack vector.
  Header always set X-Content-Type-Options nosniff
</IfModule>