cache.inc 6.91 KB
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<?php
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// $Id$
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/**
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 * Return data from the persistent cache. Data may be stored as either plain
 * text or as serialized data. cache_get will automatically return
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 * unserialized objects and arrays.
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 *
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 * @param $cid
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 *   The cache ID of the data to retrieve.
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 * @param $table
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 *   The table $table to store the data in. Valid core values are
 *   'cache_filter', 'cache_menu', 'cache_page', or 'cache' for
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 *   the default cache.
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 * @return The cache or FALSE on failure.
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 */
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function cache_get($cid, $table = 'cache') {
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  global $user;

  // Garbage collection necessary when enforcing a minimum cache lifetime
  $cache_flush = variable_get('cache_flush', 0);
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  if ($cache_flush && ($cache_flush + variable_get('cache_lifetime', 0) <= REQUEST_TIME)) {
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    // Reset the variable immediately to prevent a meltdown in heavy load situations.
    variable_set('cache_flush', 0);
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    // Time to flush old cache data
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    db_delete($table)
      ->condition('expire', CACHE_PERMANENT, '<>')
      ->condition('expire', $cache_flush, '<=')
      ->execute();
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  }

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  $cache = db_query("SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM {" . $table . "} WHERE cid = :cid", array(':cid' => $cid))->fetchObject();
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  if (isset($cache->data)) {
    // If the data is permanent or we're not enforcing a minimum cache lifetime
    // always return the cached data.
    if ($cache->expire == CACHE_PERMANENT || !variable_get('cache_lifetime', 0)) {
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      if ($cache->serialized) {
        $cache->data = unserialize($cache->data);
      }
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    }
    // If enforcing a minimum cache lifetime, validate that the data is
    // currently valid for this user before we return it by making sure the
    // cache entry was created before the timestamp in the current session's
    // cache timer. The cache variable is loaded into the $user object by
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    // _sess_read() in session.inc.
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    else {
      if ($user->cache > $cache->created) {
        // This cache data is too old and thus not valid for us, ignore it.
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        return FALSE;
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      }
      else {
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        if ($cache->serialized) {
          $cache->data = unserialize($cache->data);
        }
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      }
    }
    return $cache;
  }
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  return FALSE;
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}

/**
 * Store data in the persistent cache.
 *
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 * The persistent cache is split up into four database
 * tables. Contributed modules can add additional tables.
 *
 * 'cache_page': This table stores generated pages for anonymous
 * users. This is the only table affected by the page cache setting on
 * the administrator panel.
 *
 * 'cache_menu': Stores the cachable part of the users' menus.
 *
 * 'cache_filter': Stores filtered pieces of content. This table is
 * periodically cleared of stale entries by cron.
 *
 * 'cache': Generic cache storage table.
 *
 * The reasons for having several tables are as follows:
 *
 * - smaller tables allow for faster selects and inserts
 * - we try to put fast changing cache items and rather static
 *   ones into different tables. The effect is that only the fast
 *   changing tables will need a lot of writes to disk. The more
 *   static tables will also be better cachable with MySQL's query cache
 *
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 * @param $cid
 *   The cache ID of the data to store.
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 * @param $data
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 *   The data to store in the cache. Complex data types will be automatically
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 *   serialized before insertion.
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 *   Strings will be stored as plain text and not serialized.
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 * @param $table
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 *   The table $table to store the data in. Valid core values are
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 *   'cache_filter', 'cache_menu', 'cache_page', or 'cache'.
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 * @param $expire
 *   One of the following values:
 *   - CACHE_PERMANENT: Indicates that the item should never be removed unless
 *     explicitly told to using cache_clear_all() with a cache ID.
 *   - CACHE_TEMPORARY: Indicates that the item should be removed at the next
 *     general cache wipe.
 *   - A Unix timestamp: Indicates that the item should be kept at least until
 *     the given time, after which it behaves like CACHE_TEMPORARY.
 * @param $headers
 *   A string containing HTTP header information for cached pages.
 */
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function cache_set($cid, $data, $table = 'cache', $expire = CACHE_PERMANENT, $headers = NULL) {
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  $fields = array(
    'serialized' => 0,
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    'created' => REQUEST_TIME,
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    'expire' => $expire,
    'headers' => $headers,
  );
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  if (!is_string($data)) {
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    $fields['data'] = serialize($data);
    $fields['serialized'] = 1;
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  }
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  else {
    $fields['data'] = $data;
    $fields['serialized'] = 0;
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  }
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  db_merge($table)
    ->key(array('cid' => $cid))
    ->fields($fields)
    ->execute();
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}

/**
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 *
 * Expire data from the cache. If called without arguments, expirable
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 * entries will be cleared from the cache_page and cache_block tables.
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 *
 * @param $cid
 *   If set, the cache ID to delete. Otherwise, all cache entries that can
 *   expire are deleted.
 *
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 * @param $table
 *   If set, the table $table to delete from. Mandatory
 *   argument if $cid is set.
 *
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 * @param $wildcard
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 *   If set to TRUE, the $cid is treated as a substring
 *   to match rather than a complete ID. The match is a right hand
 *   match. If '*' is given as $cid, the table $table will be emptied.
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 */
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function cache_clear_all($cid = NULL, $table = NULL, $wildcard = FALSE) {
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  global $user;

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  if (!isset($cid) && !isset($table)) {
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    // Clear the block cache first, so stale data will
    // not end up in the page cache.
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    cache_clear_all(NULL, 'cache_block');
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    cache_clear_all(NULL, 'cache_page');
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    return;
  }

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  if (empty($cid)) {
    if (variable_get('cache_lifetime', 0)) {
      // We store the time in the current user's $user->cache variable which
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      // will be saved into the sessions table by _sess_write(). We then
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      // simulate that the cache was flushed for this user by not returning
      // cached data that was cached before the timestamp.
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      $user->cache = REQUEST_TIME;
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      $cache_flush = variable_get('cache_flush', 0);
      if ($cache_flush == 0) {
        // This is the first request to clear the cache, start a timer.
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        variable_set('cache_flush', REQUEST_TIME);
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      }
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      elseif (REQUEST_TIME > ($cache_flush + variable_get('cache_lifetime', 0))) {
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        // Clear the cache for everyone, cache_flush_delay seconds have
        // passed since the first request to clear the cache.
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        db_delete($table)
          ->condition('expire', CACHE_PERMANENT, '<>')
          ->condition('expire', REQUEST_TIME, '<')
          ->execute();
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        variable_set('cache_flush', 0);
      }
    }
    else {
      // No minimum cache lifetime, flush all temporary cache entries now.
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      db_delete($table)
        ->condition('expire', CACHE_PERMANENT, '<>')
        ->condition('expire', REQUEST_TIME, '<')
        ->execute();
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    }
  }
  else {
    if ($wildcard) {
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      if ($cid == '*') {
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        db_delete($table)->execute();
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      }
      else {
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        db_delete($table)
          ->condition('cid', $cid . '%', 'LIKE')
          ->execute();
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      }
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    }
    else {
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      db_delete($table)
        ->condition('cid', $cid)
        ->execute();
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    }
  }
}