INSTALL 6.29 KB
Newer Older
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
1
// $Id$
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
2

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
3 4 5
REQUIREMENTS
------------

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
6 7
Drupal requires a web server, PHP4 (http://www.php.net/) and MySQL or a
database server supported by the PHP PEAR API (http://pear.php.net/)
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
8

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
9 10
NOTE: The Apache web server and MySQL database are strongly recommended;
other web server and database combinations such as IIS and PostgreSQL
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
are possible but tested to a lesser extend.

SERVER CONFIGURATION
--------------------

Your PHP must have the following settings:

  session.save_handler     user

In addition, we recommend the following settings:

  session.cache_limiter    none

These values are set in php.ini and can be overwritten in a .htaccess
file; you can print out your local PHP settings with PHP's phpinfo()
function.

OPTIONAL COMPONENTS
-------------------

- To use XML-based services such as the Blogger API, Jabber, RSS
  syndication, you will need PHP's XML extension.  This extension is
  enabled by default in standard PHP4 installations.

- If you want support for clean URLs, you'll need mod_rewrite and
  the ability to use local .htaccess files. (More information can
  be found in the Drupal handbook on drupal.org.)

INSTALLATION
------------

1. DOWNLOAD DRUPAL

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
44
   You can obtain the latest Drupal release from http://drupal.org/.
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
45 46 47 48 49 50 51
   Download the current tar.gz format and extract the files:

     $ wget http://drupal.org/drupal/drupal-x.x.x.tgz
     $ tar -zxvf drupal-x.x.x.tgz

   This will create a new directory drupal-x.x.x/ containing all
   Drupal files and directories.  Move the contents of that directory
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
52
   into a directory within your web server's document root or your
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
53 54
   public HTML directory:

Dries's avatar
Dries committed
55
     $ mv drupal-x.x.x /var/www/html
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
56 57 58 59 60 61

   NOTE: when copying files, ensure you also copy the hidden .htaccess
   file.

2. CREATE THE DRUPAL DATABASE

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
62 63 64 65 66
   These instructions are for MySQL.  If you are using another database,
   check the database documentation.  In the following examples,
   "dba_user" is an example MySQL user which has the CREATE and GRANT
   privileges.  You will need to use the appropriate user name for your
   system.
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
67

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
68 69
   First, you must create a new database for your Drupal site:

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
70
     $ mysqladmin -u dba_user -p create drupal
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
71

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
72
   MySQL will prompt for the dba_user database password and then create
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
73 74 75
   the initial database files.  Next you must login and set the access
   database rights:

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
76
     $ mysql -u dba_user -p
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
77

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
78
   Again, you will be asked for the dba_user database password.  At the
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
79 80 81
   MySQL prompt, enter following command:

     GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON drupal.*
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
82
        TO nobody@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
83 84 85 86

   where

    'drupal' is the name of your database
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
87 88
    'nobody@localhost' is the userid of your webserver MySQL account
    'password' is the password required to log in as the MySQL user
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103

   If successful, MySQL will reply with

     Query OK, 0 rows affected

   to activate the new permissions you must enter the command

     flush privileges;

   and then enter '\q' to exit MySQL.

3. LOAD THE DRUPAL DATABASE SCHEME

   Once you have a database, you must load the required tables:

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
104
     $ mysql -u nobody -p drupal < database/database.mysql
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
105 106 107

4. CONNECTING DRUPAL

Dries's avatar
Dries committed
108
   Drupal server options are specified in includes/conf.php.
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116

   Drupal allows for multiple virtual host installations; to configure
   a virtual server host, you can create the configuration file

     includes/www.yourserver.com.php

   where www.yourserver.com is your website's URL.

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
117 118 119
   Before you can run Drupal, you must set the database URL and the
   base URL to the web site.  Open the configuration file and edit the
   $db_url line to match the database defined in the previous steps:
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
120 121 122

     $db_url = "mysql://username:password@localhost/drupal";

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
123 124 125
   Set $base_url to match the address to your web site:

     $base_url = "http://localhost";
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138

   NOTE: for more information about multiple virtual hosts or the
   configuration settings, consult the Drupal handbook at drupal.org.

5. CONFIGURE DRUPAL

   You can now launch your browser and point it to your Drupal site.

   Create an account and login.  The first account will automatically
   become the main administrator account.

6. CRON TASKS

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
139
   Many Drupal modules have periodic tasks that must be triggered by a
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
140 141 142 143 144 145 146
   cron job.  To activate these tasks, you must call the cron page;
   this will pass control to the modules and the modules will decide
   if and what they must do.

   The following example crontab line will activate the cron script
   on the hour:

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
147
   0    *   *   *   *   wget -O - -q http://HOSTNAME/cron.php
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155

   More information about the cron scripts are available in the admin
   help pages and in the Drupal handbook at drupal.org.  Example
   scripts can be found in the scripts/ directory.

DRUPAL ADMINISTRATION
---------------------

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171
Upon a new installation, your Drupal website defaults to a very basic
configuration with only a few active modules, one theme, and no user
access rights.

Use your administration panel to enable and configure services. For
example, set some general settings for your site with "Administration -
site configuration".  Enable modules via "Administration - site
configuration - modules". User permissions can be set with
"Administration - user management - user permissions".

For more information on configuration options, read through the
instructions which accompany the different configuration settings and
consult the various help pages available in the administration panel.

Note that additional community-contributed modules and themes are
available at drupal.org.
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179

CUSTOMIZING YOUR THEME(S)
-------------------------

Now that your server is running, you will want to customize the look
of your site.  Several sample themes are included in the Drupal
installation and more can be downloaded from drupal.org.

Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
180
Customizing each theme depends on the theme.  In general, each theme
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
181 182 183 184
contains a PHP file themename.theme which defines a function header()
that can be changed to reference your own logos.

Most themes also contain stylesheets or PHP configuration files to
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
185
tune the colors and layouts; check the themes/ directory for README
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
186 187 188 189 190 191 192
files describing each alternate theme.

MORE INFORMATION
----------------

For platform specific configuration issues and other installation and
administration assistance, please consult the Drupal handbook at
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
193 194
http://drupal.org/.  You can also find support at the Drupal support
forum or through the Drupal mailing lists.
Dries's avatar
 
Dries committed
195