PageCacheTest.php 25.5 KB
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<?php

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namespace Drupal\page_cache\Tests;
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use Drupal\Component\Datetime\DateTimePlus;
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use Drupal\Core\Site\Settings;
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use Drupal\Core\Url;
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use Drupal\entity_test\Entity\EntityTest;
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use Drupal\simpletest\WebTestBase;
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use Drupal\Core\Cache\Cache;
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use Drupal\user\RoleInterface;
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/**
 * Enables the page cache and tests it with various HTTP requests.
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 *
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 * @group page_cache
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 */
class PageCacheTest extends WebTestBase {

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  protected $dumpHeaders = TRUE;

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  /**
   * Modules to enable.
   *
   * @var array
   */
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  public static $modules = array('test_page_test', 'system_test', 'entity_test');
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  /**
   * {@inheritdoc}
   */
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  protected function setUp() {
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    parent::setUp();
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    $this->config('system.site')
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      ->set('name', 'Drupal')
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      ->set('page.front', '/test-page')
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      ->save();
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  }

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  /**
   * Test that cache tags are properly persisted.
   *
   * Since tag based invalidation works, we know that our tag properly
   * persisted.
   */
  function testPageCacheTags() {
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    $config = $this->config('system.performance');
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    $config->set('cache.page.max_age', 300);
    $config->save();

    $path = 'system-test/cache_tags_page';
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    $tags = array('system_test_cache_tags_page');
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    $this->drupalGet($path);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
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    // Verify a cache hit, but also the presence of the correct cache tags.
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    $this->drupalGet($path);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
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    $cid_parts = array(\Drupal::url('system_test.cache_tags_page', array(), array('absolute' => TRUE)), 'html');
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    $cid = implode(':', $cid_parts);
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    $cache_entry = \Drupal::cache('render')->get($cid);
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    sort($cache_entry->tags);
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    $expected_tags = array(
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      'config:user.role.anonymous',
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      'pre_render',
      'rendered',
      'system_test_cache_tags_page',
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    );
    $this->assertIdentical($cache_entry->tags, $expected_tags);
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    Cache::invalidateTags($tags);
    $this->drupalGet($path);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
  }

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  /**
   * Test that the page cache doesn't depend on cacheability headers.
   */
  function testPageCacheTagsIndependentFromCacheabilityHeaders() {
    $this->setHttpResponseDebugCacheabilityHeaders(FALSE);

    $path = 'system-test/cache_tags_page';
    $tags = array('system_test_cache_tags_page');
    $this->drupalGet($path);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');

    // Verify a cache hit, but also the presence of the correct cache tags.
    $this->drupalGet($path);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
    $cid_parts = array(\Drupal::url('system_test.cache_tags_page', array(), array('absolute' => TRUE)), 'html');
    $cid = implode(':', $cid_parts);
    $cache_entry = \Drupal::cache('render')->get($cid);
    sort($cache_entry->tags);
    $expected_tags = array(
      'config:user.role.anonymous',
      'pre_render',
      'rendered',
      'system_test_cache_tags_page',
    );
    $this->assertIdentical($cache_entry->tags, $expected_tags);

    Cache::invalidateTags($tags);
    $this->drupalGet($path);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
  }

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  /**
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   * Tests support for different cache items with different request formats
   * specified via a query parameter.
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   */
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  function testQueryParameterFormatRequests() {
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    $config = $this->config('system.performance');
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    $config->set('cache.page.max_age', 300);
    $config->save();

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    $accept_header_cache_url = Url::fromRoute('system_test.page_cache_accept_header');
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    $accept_header_cache_url_with_json = Url::fromRoute('system_test.page_cache_accept_header', ['_format' => 'json']);
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    $this->drupalGet($accept_header_cache_url);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS', 'HTML page was not yet cached.');
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    $this->drupalGet($accept_header_cache_url);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'HTML page was cached.');
    $this->assertRaw('<p>oh hai this is html.</p>', 'The correct HTML response was returned.');

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    $this->drupalGet($accept_header_cache_url_with_json);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS', 'Json response was not yet cached.');
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    $this->drupalGet($accept_header_cache_url_with_json);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Json response was cached.');
    $this->assertRaw('{"content":"oh hai this is json"}', 'The correct Json response was returned.');
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    // Enable REST support for nodes and hal+json.
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    \Drupal::service('module_installer')->install(['node', 'rest', 'hal', 'basic_auth']);
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    $this->drupalCreateContentType(['type' => 'article']);
    $node = $this->drupalCreateNode(['type' => 'article']);
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    $node_uri = $node->urlInfo();
    $node_url_with_hal_json_format = $node->urlInfo('canonical')->setRouteParameter('_format', 'hal_json');
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    $this->drupalGet($node_uri);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'text/html; charset=UTF-8');
    $this->drupalGet($node_uri);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'text/html; charset=UTF-8');

    // Now request a HAL page, we expect that the first request is a cache miss
    // and it serves HTML.
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    $this->drupalGet($node_url_with_hal_json_format);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'application/hal+json');
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    $this->drupalGet($node_url_with_hal_json_format);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'application/hal+json');

    // Clear the page cache. After that request a HAL request, followed by an
    // ordinary HTML one.
    \Drupal::cache('render')->deleteAll();
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    $this->drupalGet($node_url_with_hal_json_format);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'application/hal+json');
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    $this->drupalGet($node_url_with_hal_json_format);
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'application/hal+json');

    $this->drupalGet($node_uri);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'text/html; charset=UTF-8');
    $this->drupalGet($node_uri);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Content-Type'), 'text/html; charset=UTF-8');
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  }

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  /**
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   * Tests support of requests with If-Modified-Since and If-None-Match headers.
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   */
  function testConditionalRequests() {
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    $config = $this->config('system.performance');
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    $config->set('cache.page.max_age', 300);
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    $config->save();

    // Fill the cache.
    $this->drupalGet('');
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    // Verify the page is not printed twice when the cache is cold.
    $this->assertNoPattern('#<html.*<html#');
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    $this->drupalHead('');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
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    $etag = $this->drupalGetHeader('ETag');
    $last_modified = $this->drupalGetHeader('Last-Modified');

    $this->drupalGet('', array(), array('If-Modified-Since: ' . $last_modified, 'If-None-Match: ' . $etag));
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    $this->assertResponse(304, 'Conditional request returned 304 Not Modified.');
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    $this->drupalGet('', array(), array('If-Modified-Since: ' . gmdate(DATE_RFC822, strtotime($last_modified)), 'If-None-Match: ' . $etag));
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    $this->assertResponse(304, 'Conditional request with obsolete If-Modified-Since date returned 304 Not Modified.');
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    $this->drupalGet('', array(), array('If-Modified-Since: ' . gmdate(DATE_RFC850, strtotime($last_modified)), 'If-None-Match: ' . $etag));
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    $this->assertResponse(304, 'Conditional request with obsolete If-Modified-Since date returned 304 Not Modified.');
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    $this->drupalGet('', array(), array('If-Modified-Since: ' . $last_modified));
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    // Verify the page is not printed twice when the cache is warm.
    $this->assertNoPattern('#<html.*<html#');
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    $this->assertResponse(200, 'Conditional request without If-None-Match returned 200 OK.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
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    $this->drupalGet('', array(), array('If-Modified-Since: ' . gmdate(DateTimePlus::RFC7231, strtotime($last_modified) + 1), 'If-None-Match: ' . $etag));
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    $this->assertResponse(200, 'Conditional request with new a If-Modified-Since date newer than Last-Modified returned 200 OK.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
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    $user = $this->drupalCreateUser();
    $this->drupalLogin($user);
    $this->drupalGet('', array(), array('If-Modified-Since: ' . $last_modified, 'If-None-Match: ' . $etag));
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    $this->assertResponse(200, 'Conditional request returned 200 OK for authenticated user.');
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    $this->assertFalse($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'Absence of Page was not cached.');
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  }

  /**
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   * Tests cache headers.
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   */
  function testPageCache() {
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    $config = $this->config('system.performance');
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    $config->set('cache.page.max_age', 300);
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    $config->set('response.gzip', 1);
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    $config->save();

    // Fill the cache.
    $this->drupalGet('system-test/set-header', array('query' => array('name' => 'Foo', 'value' => 'bar')));
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS', 'Page was not cached.');
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    $this->assertEqual(strtolower($this->drupalGetHeader('Vary')), 'cookie,accept-encoding', 'Vary header was sent.');
    // Symfony's Response logic determines a specific order for the subvalues
    // of the Cache-Control header, even if they are explicitly passed in to
    // the response header bag in a different order.
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=300, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Expires'), 'Sun, 19 Nov 1978 05:00:00 GMT', 'Expires header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Foo'), 'bar', 'Custom header was sent.');
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    // Check cache.
    $this->drupalGet('system-test/set-header', array('query' => array('name' => 'Foo', 'value' => 'bar')));
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
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    $this->assertEqual(strtolower($this->drupalGetHeader('Vary')), 'cookie,accept-encoding', 'Vary: Cookie header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=300, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Expires'), 'Sun, 19 Nov 1978 05:00:00 GMT', 'Expires header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Foo'), 'bar', 'Custom header was sent.');
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    // Check replacing default headers.
    $this->drupalGet('system-test/set-header', array('query' => array('name' => 'Expires', 'value' => 'Fri, 19 Nov 2008 05:00:00 GMT')));
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Expires'), 'Fri, 19 Nov 2008 05:00:00 GMT', 'Default header was replaced.');
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    $this->drupalGet('system-test/set-header', array('query' => array('name' => 'Vary', 'value' => 'User-Agent')));
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    $this->assertEqual(strtolower($this->drupalGetHeader('Vary')), 'user-agent,accept-encoding', 'Default header was replaced.');
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    // Check that authenticated users bypass the cache.
    $user = $this->drupalCreateUser();
    $this->drupalLogin($user);
    $this->drupalGet('system-test/set-header', array('query' => array('name' => 'Foo', 'value' => 'bar')));
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    $this->assertFalse($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'Caching was bypassed.');
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    $this->assertTrue(strpos(strtolower($this->drupalGetHeader('Vary')), 'cookie') === FALSE, 'Vary: Cookie header was not sent.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'must-revalidate, no-cache, private', 'Cache-Control header was sent.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Expires'), 'Sun, 19 Nov 1978 05:00:00 GMT', 'Expires header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Foo'), 'bar', 'Custom header was sent.');
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    // Until bubbling of max-age up to the response is supported, verify that
    // a custom #cache max-age set on an element does not affect page max-age.
    $this->drupalLogout();
    $this->drupalGet('system-test/cache_maxage_page');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=300, public');
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  }

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  /**
   * Tests the automatic presence of the anonymous role's cache tag.
   *
   * The 'user.permissions' cache context ensures that if the permissions for a
   * role are modified, users are not served stale render cache content. But,
   * when entire responses are cached in reverse proxies, the value for the
   * cache context is never calculated, causing the stale response to not be
   * invalidated. Therefore, when varying by permissions and the current user is
   * the anonymous user, the cache tag for the 'anonymous' role must be added.
   *
   * This test verifies that, and it verifies that it does not happen for other
   * roles.
   */
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  public function testPageCacheAnonymousRolePermissions() {
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    $config = $this->config('system.performance');
    $config->set('cache.page.max_age', 300);
    $config->save();

    $content_url = Url::fromRoute('system_test.permission_dependent_content');
    $route_access_url = Url::fromRoute('system_test.permission_dependent_route_access');

    // 1. anonymous user, without permission.
    $this->drupalGet($content_url);
    $this->assertText('Permission to pet llamas: no!');
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertCacheTag('config:user.role.anonymous');
    $this->drupalGet($route_access_url);
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertCacheTag('config:user.role.anonymous');

    // 2. anonymous user, with permission.
    user_role_grant_permissions(RoleInterface::ANONYMOUS_ID, ['pet llamas']);
    $this->drupalGet($content_url);
    $this->assertText('Permission to pet llamas: yes!');
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertCacheTag('config:user.role.anonymous');
    $this->drupalGet($route_access_url);
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertCacheTag('config:user.role.anonymous');

    // 3. authenticated user, without permission.
    $auth_user = $this->drupalCreateUser();
    $this->drupalLogin($auth_user);
    $this->drupalGet($content_url);
    $this->assertText('Permission to pet llamas: no!');
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertNoCacheTag('config:user.role.authenticated');
    $this->drupalGet($route_access_url);
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertNoCacheTag('config:user.role.authenticated');

    // 4. authenticated user, with permission.
    user_role_grant_permissions(RoleInterface::AUTHENTICATED_ID, ['pet llamas']);
    $this->drupalGet($content_url);
    $this->assertText('Permission to pet llamas: yes!');
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertNoCacheTag('config:user.role.authenticated');
    $this->drupalGet($route_access_url);
    $this->assertCacheContext('user.permissions');
    $this->assertNoCacheTag('config:user.role.authenticated');
  }

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  /**
   * Tests the 4xx-response cache tag is added and invalidated.
   */
  function testPageCacheAnonymous403404() {
    $admin_url = Url::fromRoute('system.admin');
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    $invalid_url = 'foo/does_not_exist';
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    $tests = [
      403 => $admin_url,
      404 => $invalid_url,
    ];
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    $cache_ttl_4xx = Settings::get('cache_ttl_4xx', 3600);
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    foreach ($tests as $code => $content_url) {
      // Anonymous user, without permissions.
      $this->drupalGet($content_url);
      $this->assertResponse($code);
      $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
      $this->assertCacheTag('4xx-response');
      $this->drupalGet($content_url);
      $this->assertResponse($code);
      $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
      $entity_values = array(
        'name' => $this->randomMachineName(),
        'user_id' => 1,
        'field_test_text' => array(
          0 => array(
            'value' => $this->randomString(),
            'format' => 'plain_text',
          )
        ),
      );
      $entity = EntityTest::create($entity_values);
      $entity->save();
      // Saving an entity clears 4xx cache tag.
      $this->drupalGet($content_url);
      $this->assertResponse($code);
      $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
      $this->drupalGet($content_url);
      $this->assertResponse($code);
      $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT');
      // Rebuilding the router should invalidate the 4xx cache tag.
      $this->container->get('router.builder')->rebuild();
      $this->drupalGet($content_url);
      $this->assertResponse($code);
      $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
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      // Ensure the 'expire' field on the cache entry uses cache_ttl_4xx.
      $cache_item = \Drupal::service('cache.render')->get($this->getUrl() . ':html');
      $difference = $cache_item->expire - (int) $cache_item->created;
      // Given that a second might have passed we cannot be sure that
      // $difference will exactly equal the default cache_ttl_4xx setting.
      // Account for any timing difference or rounding errors by ensuring the
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      // value is within 10 seconds.
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      $this->assertTrue(
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        $difference > $cache_ttl_4xx - 10 &&
        $difference < $cache_ttl_4xx + 10,
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        "The cache entry expiry time uses the cache_ttl_4xx setting. Expire: {$cache_item->expire} Created: {$cache_item->created}"
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      );
    }

    // Disable 403 and 404 caching.
    $settings['settings']['cache_ttl_4xx'] = (object) array(
      'value' => 0,
      'required' => TRUE,
    );
    $this->writeSettings($settings);
    \Drupal::service('cache.render')->deleteAll();

    foreach ($tests as $code => $content_url) {
      // Getting the 404 page twice should still result in a cache miss.
      $this->drupalGet($content_url);
      $this->drupalGet($content_url);
      $this->assertResponse($code);
      $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS');
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    }
  }

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  /**
   * Tests the omit_vary_cookie setting.
   */
  public function testPageCacheWithoutVaryCookie() {
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    $config = $this->config('system.performance');
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    $config->set('cache.page.max_age', 300);
    $config->save();
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    $settings['settings']['omit_vary_cookie'] = (object) array(
      'value' => TRUE,
      'required' => TRUE,
    );
    $this->writeSettings($settings);
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    // Fill the cache.
    $this->drupalGet('');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS', 'Page was not cached.');
    $this->assertTrue(strpos($this->drupalGetHeader('Vary'), 'Cookie') === FALSE, 'Vary: Cookie header was not sent.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=300, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent.');
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    // Check cache.
    $this->drupalGet('');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
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    $this->assertTrue(strpos($this->drupalGetHeader('Vary'), 'Cookie') === FALSE, 'Vary: Cookie header was not sent.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=300, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent.');
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  }

  /**
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   * Test the setting of forms to be immutable.
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   */
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  public function testFormImmutability() {
    // Install the module that provides the test form.
    $this->container->get('module_installer')
      ->install(['page_cache_form_test']);
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    // Uninstall the page_cache module to verify that form is immutable
    // regardless of the internal page cache module.
    $this->container->get('module_installer')->uninstall(['page_cache']);
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    \Drupal::service('router.builder')->rebuild();
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    $this->drupalGet('page_cache_form_test_immutability');
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    $this->assertText("Immutable: TRUE", "Form is immutable.");
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    // The immutable flag is set unconditionally by system_form_alter(), set
    // a flag to tell page_cache_form_test_module_implements_alter() to disable
    // that implementation.
    \Drupal::state()->set('page_cache_bypass_form_immutability', TRUE);
    \Drupal::moduleHandler()->resetImplementations();
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    Cache::invalidateTags(['rendered']);
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    $this->drupalGet('page_cache_form_test_immutability');
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    $this->assertText("Immutable: FALSE", "Form is not immutable,");
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  }
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  /**
   * Tests cacheability of a CacheableResponse.
   *
   * Tests the difference between having a controller return a plain Symfony
   * Response object versus returning a Response object that implements the
   * CacheableResponseInterface.
   */
  public function testCacheableResponseResponses() {
    $config = $this->config('system.performance');
    $config->set('cache.page.max_age', 300);
    $config->save();

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    // GET a URL, which would be marked as a cache miss if it were cacheable.
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    $this->drupalGet('/system-test/respond-reponse');
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    $this->assertFalse($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'Drupal page cache header not found.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'must-revalidate, no-cache, private', 'Cache-Control header was sent');
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    // GET it again, verify it's still not cached.
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    $this->drupalGet('/system-test/respond-reponse');
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    $this->assertFalse($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'Drupal page cache header not found.');
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    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'must-revalidate, no-cache, private', 'Cache-Control header was sent');
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    // GET a URL, which would be marked as a cache miss if it were cacheable.
    $this->drupalGet('/system-test/respond-public-response');
    $this->assertFalse($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'Drupal page cache header not found.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=60, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent');

    // GET it again, verify it's still not cached.
    $this->drupalGet('/system-test/respond-public-response');
    $this->assertFalse($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'Drupal page cache header not found.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=60, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent');

    // GET a URL, which should be marked as a cache miss.
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    $this->drupalGet('/system-test/respond-cacheable-reponse');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS', 'Page was not cached.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=300, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent.');

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    // GET it again, it should now be a cache hit.
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    $this->drupalGet('/system-test/respond-cacheable-reponse');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Cache-Control'), 'max-age=300, public', 'Cache-Control header was sent.');

    // Uninstall page cache. This should flush all caches so the next call to a
    // previously cached page should be a miss now.
    $this->container->get('module_installer')
      ->uninstall(['page_cache']);

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    // GET a URL that was cached by Page Cache before, it should not be now.
    $this->drupalGet('/respond-cacheable-reponse');
    $this->assertFalse($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'Drupal page cache header not found.');
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  }

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  /**
   * Tests that HEAD requests are treated the same as GET requests.
   */
  public function testHead() {
    // GET, then HEAD.
    $url_a = $this->buildUrl('system-test/set-header', ['query' => ['name' => 'Foo', 'value' => 'bar']]);
    $response_body = $this->curlExec([CURLOPT_HTTPGET => TRUE, CURLOPT_URL => $url_a, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => 'GET', CURLOPT_NOBODY => FALSE]);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS', 'Page was not cached.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Foo'), 'bar', 'Custom header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual('The following header was set: <em class="placeholder">Foo</em>: <em class="placeholder">bar</em>', $response_body);
    $response_body = $this->curlExec([CURLOPT_HTTPGET => FALSE, CURLOPT_URL => $url_a, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => 'HEAD', CURLOPT_NOBODY => FALSE]);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Foo'), 'bar', 'Custom header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual('', $response_body);

    // HEAD, then GET.
    $url_b = $this->buildUrl('system-test/set-header', ['query' => ['name' => 'Foo', 'value' => 'baz']]);
    $response_body = $this->curlExec([CURLOPT_HTTPGET => FALSE, CURLOPT_URL => $url_b, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => 'HEAD', CURLOPT_NOBODY => FALSE]);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'MISS', 'Page was not cached.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Foo'), 'baz', 'Custom header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual('', $response_body);
    $response_body = $this->curlExec([CURLOPT_HTTPGET => TRUE, CURLOPT_URL => $url_b, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => 'GET', CURLOPT_NOBODY => FALSE]);
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('X-Drupal-Cache'), 'HIT', 'Page was cached.');
    $this->assertEqual($this->drupalGetHeader('Foo'), 'baz', 'Custom header was sent.');
    $this->assertEqual('The following header was set: <em class="placeholder">Foo</em>: <em class="placeholder">baz</em>', $response_body);
  }

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}