file.module 61.5 KB
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<?php

/**
 * @file
 * Defines a "managed_file" Form API field and a "file" field for Field module.
 */

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use Drupal\Core\Entity\EntityFieldQuery;
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use Drupal\file\File;
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use Drupal\Core\Template\Attribute;
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use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\JsonResponse;
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// Load all Field module hooks for File.
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require_once DRUPAL_ROOT . '/core/modules/file/file.field.inc';
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/**
 * Implements hook_help().
 */
function file_help($path, $arg) {
  switch ($path) {
    case 'admin/help#file':
      $output = '';
      $output .= '<h3>' . t('About') . '</h3>';
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      $output .= '<p>' . t('The File module defines a <em>File</em> field type for the Field module, which lets you manage and validate uploaded files attached to content on your site (see the <a href="@field-help">Field module help page</a> for more information about fields). For more information, see the online handbook entry for <a href="@file">File module</a>.', array('@field-help' => url('admin/help/field'), '@file' => 'http://drupal.org/documentation/modules/file')) . '</p>';
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      $output .= '<h3>' . t('Uses') . '</h3>';
      $output .= '<dl>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Attaching files to content') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('The File module allows users to attach files to content (e.g., PDF files, spreadsheets, etc.), when a <em>File</em> field is added to a given content type using the <a href="@fieldui-help">Field UI module</a>. You can add validation options to your File field, such as specifying a maximum file size and allowed file extensions.', array('@fieldui-help' => url('admin/help/field_ui'))) . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Managing attachment display') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('When you attach a file to content, you can specify whether it is <em>listed</em> or not. Listed files are displayed automatically in a section at the bottom of your content; non-listed files are available for embedding in your content, but are not included in the list at the bottom.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Managing file locations') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t("When you create a File field, you can specify a directory where the files will be stored, which can be within either the <em>public</em> or <em>private</em> files directory. Files in the public directory can be accessed directly through the web server; when public files are listed, direct links to the files are used, and anyone who knows a file's URL can download the file. Files in the private directory are not accessible directly through the web server; when private files are listed, the links are Drupal path requests. This adds to server load and download time, since Drupal must start up and resolve the path for each file download request, but allows for access restrictions.") . '</dd>';
      $output .= '</dl>';
      return $output;
  }
}

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/**
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 * Implements hook_menu().
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 */
function file_menu() {
  $items = array();

  $items['file/ajax'] = array(
    'page callback' => 'file_ajax_upload',
    'access arguments' => array('access content'),
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    'theme callback' => 'ajax_base_page_theme',
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    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
  );
  $items['file/progress'] = array(
    'page callback' => 'file_ajax_progress',
    'access arguments' => array('access content'),
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    'theme callback' => 'ajax_base_page_theme',
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    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
  );

  return $items;
}

/**
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 * Implements hook_element_info().
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 *
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 * The managed file element may be used anywhere in Drupal.
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 */
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function file_element_info() {
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  $file_path = drupal_get_path('module', 'file');
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  $types['managed_file'] = array(
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    '#input' => TRUE,
    '#process' => array('file_managed_file_process'),
    '#value_callback' => 'file_managed_file_value',
    '#element_validate' => array('file_managed_file_validate'),
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    '#pre_render' => array('file_managed_file_pre_render'),
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    '#theme' => 'file_managed_file',
    '#theme_wrappers' => array('form_element'),
    '#progress_indicator' => 'throbber',
    '#progress_message' => NULL,
    '#upload_validators' => array(),
    '#upload_location' => NULL,
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    '#size' => 22,
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    '#extended' => FALSE,
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    '#attached' => array(
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      'library' => array(array('file','drupal.file')),
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    ),
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  );
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  return $types;
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}

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/**
 * Implements hook_entity_info().
 */
function file_entity_info() {
  return array(
    'file' => array(
      'label' => t('File'),
      'base table' => 'file_managed',
      'controller class' => 'Drupal\file\FileStorageController',
      'entity class' => 'Drupal\file\File',
      'entity keys' => array(
        'id' => 'fid',
        'label' => 'filename',
        'uuid' => 'uuid',
      ),
      'static cache' => FALSE,
    ),
  );
}
/**
 * Loads file entities from the database.
 *
 * @param array $fids
 *   (optional) An array of entity IDs. If omitted, all entities are loaded.
 *
 * @return array
 *   An array of file entities, indexed by fid.
 *
 * @see hook_file_load()
 * @see file_load()
 * @see entity_load()
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 * @see Drupal\Core\Entity\EntityFieldQuery
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 */
function file_load_multiple(array $fids = NULL) {
  return entity_load_multiple('file', $fids);
}

/**
 * Loads a single file entity from the database.
 *
 * @param $fid
 *   A file ID.
 *
 * @return Drupal\file\File
 *   A file entity or FALSE if the file was not found.
 *
 * @see hook_file_load()
 * @see file_load_multiple()
 */
function file_load($fid) {
  $files = file_load_multiple(array($fid));
  return reset($files);
}

/**
 * Determines where a file is used.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 *
 * @return
 *   A nested array with usage data. The first level is keyed by module name,
 *   the second by object type and the third by the object id. The value
 *   of the third level contains the usage count.
 *
 * @see file_usage_add()
 * @see file_usage_delete()
 */
function file_usage_list(File $file) {
  $result = db_select('file_usage', 'f')
    ->fields('f', array('module', 'type', 'id', 'count'))
    ->condition('fid', $file->fid)
    ->condition('count', 0, '>')
    ->execute();
  $references = array();
  foreach ($result as $usage) {
    $references[$usage->module][$usage->type][$usage->id] = $usage->count;
  }
  return $references;
}

/**
 * Records that a module is using a file.
 *
 * Examples:
 * - A module that associates files with nodes, so $type would be
 *   'node' and $id would be the node's nid. Files for all revisions are stored
 *   within a single nid.
 * - The User module associates an image with a user, so $type would be 'user'
 *   and the $id would be the user's uid.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the module using the file.
 * @param $type
 *   The type of the object that contains the referenced file.
 * @param $id
 *   The unique, numeric ID of the object containing the referenced file.
 * @param $count
 *   (optional) The number of references to add to the object. Defaults to 1.
 *
 * @see file_usage_list()
 * @see file_usage_delete()
 */
function file_usage_add(File $file, $module, $type, $id, $count = 1) {
  db_merge('file_usage')
    ->key(array(
      'fid' => $file->fid,
      'module' => $module,
      'type' => $type,
      'id' => $id,
    ))
    ->fields(array('count' => $count))
    ->expression('count', 'count + :count', array(':count' => $count))
    ->execute();

  // Make sure that a used file is permament.
  if ($file->status != FILE_STATUS_PERMANENT) {
    $file->status = FILE_STATUS_PERMANENT;
    $file->save();
  }
}

/**
 * Removes a record to indicate that a module is no longer using a file.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the module using the file.
 * @param $type
 *   (optional) The type of the object that contains the referenced file. May
 *   be omitted if all module references to a file are being deleted.
 * @param $id
 *   (optional) The unique, numeric ID of the object containing the referenced
 *   file. May be omitted if all module references to a file are being deleted.
 * @param $count
 *   (optional) The number of references to delete from the object. Defaults to
 *   1. 0 may be specified to delete all references to the file within a
 *   specific object.
 *
 * @see file_usage_add()
 * @see file_usage_list()
 */
function file_usage_delete(File $file, $module, $type = NULL, $id = NULL, $count = 1) {
  // Delete rows that have a exact or less value to prevent empty rows.
  $query = db_delete('file_usage')
    ->condition('module', $module)
    ->condition('fid', $file->fid);
  if ($type && $id) {
    $query
      ->condition('type', $type)
      ->condition('id', $id);
  }
  if ($count) {
    $query->condition('count', $count, '<=');
  }
  $result = $query->execute();

  // If the row has more than the specified count decrement it by that number.
  if (!$result && $count > 0) {
    $query = db_update('file_usage')
      ->condition('module', $module)
      ->condition('fid', $file->fid);
    if ($type && $id) {
      $query
        ->condition('type', $type)
        ->condition('id', $id);
    }
    $query->expression('count', 'count - :count', array(':count' => $count));
    $query->execute();
  }

  // If there are no more remaining usages of this file, mark it as temporary,
  // which result in a delete through system_cron().
  $usage = file_usage_list($file);
  if (empty($usage)) {
    $file->status = 0;
    $file->save();
  }
}

/**
 * Copies a file to a new location and adds a file record to the database.
 *
 * This function should be used when manipulating files that have records
 * stored in the database. This is a powerful function that in many ways
 * performs like an advanced version of copy().
 * - Checks if $source and $destination are valid and readable/writable.
 * - Checks that $source is not equal to $destination; if they are an error
 *   is reported.
 * - If file already exists in $destination either the call will error out,
 *   replace the file or rename the file based on the $replace parameter.
 * - Adds the new file to the files database. If the source file is a
 *   temporary file, the resulting file will also be a temporary file. See
 *   file_save_upload() for details on temporary files.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $source
 *   A file entity.
 * @param $destination
 *   A string containing the destination that $source should be copied to.
 *   This must be a stream wrapper URI.
 * @param $replace
 *   Replace behavior when the destination file already exists:
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE - Replace the existing file. If a managed file with
 *       the destination name exists then its database entry will be updated. If
 *       no database entry is found then a new one will be created.
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_RENAME - Append _{incrementing number} until the filename is
 *       unique.
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_ERROR - Do nothing and return FALSE.
 *
 * @return
 *   File object if the copy is successful, or FALSE in the event of an error.
 *
 * @see file_unmanaged_copy()
 * @see hook_file_copy()
 */
function file_copy(File $source, $destination = NULL, $replace = FILE_EXISTS_RENAME) {
  if (!file_valid_uri($destination)) {
    if (($realpath = drupal_realpath($source->uri)) !== FALSE) {
      watchdog('file', 'File %file (%realpath) could not be copied because the destination %destination is invalid. This is often caused by improper use of file_copy() or a missing stream wrapper.', array('%file' => $source->uri, '%realpath' => $realpath, '%destination' => $destination));
    }
    else {
      watchdog('file', 'File %file could not be copied because the destination %destination is invalid. This is often caused by improper use of file_copy() or a missing stream wrapper.', array('%file' => $source->uri, '%destination' => $destination));
    }
    drupal_set_message(t('The specified file %file could not be copied because the destination is invalid. More information is available in the system log.', array('%file' => $source->uri)), 'error');
    return FALSE;
  }

  if ($uri = file_unmanaged_copy($source->uri, $destination, $replace)) {
    $file = clone $source;
    $file->fid = NULL;
    $file->uri = $uri;
    $file->filename = drupal_basename($uri);
    // If we are replacing an existing file re-use its database record.
    if ($replace == FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE) {
      $existing_files = entity_load_multiple_by_properties('file', array('uri' => $uri));
      if (count($existing_files)) {
        $existing = reset($existing_files);
        $file->fid = $existing->fid;
        $file->filename = $existing->filename;
      }
    }
    // If we are renaming around an existing file (rather than a directory),
    // use its basename for the filename.
    elseif ($replace == FILE_EXISTS_RENAME && is_file($destination)) {
      $file->filename = drupal_basename($destination);
    }

    $file->save();

    // Inform modules that the file has been copied.
    module_invoke_all('file_copy', $file, $source);

    return $file;
  }
  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Moves a file to a new location and update the file's database entry.
 *
 * Moving a file is performed by copying the file to the new location and then
 * deleting the original.
 * - Checks if $source and $destination are valid and readable/writable.
 * - Performs a file move if $source is not equal to $destination.
 * - If file already exists in $destination either the call will error out,
 *   replace the file or rename the file based on the $replace parameter.
 * - Adds the new file to the files database.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $source
 *   A file entity.
 * @param $destination
 *   A string containing the destination that $source should be moved to.
 *   This must be a stream wrapper URI.
 * @param $replace
 *   Replace behavior when the destination file already exists:
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE - Replace the existing file. If a managed file with
 *       the destination name exists then its database entry will be updated and
 *       $source->delete() called after invoking hook_file_move().
 *       If no database entry is found then the source files record will be
 *       updated.
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_RENAME - Append _{incrementing number} until the filename is
 *       unique.
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_ERROR - Do nothing and return FALSE.
 *
 * @return Drupal\file\File
 *   Resulting file entity for success, or FALSE in the event of an error.
 *
 * @see file_unmanaged_move()
 * @see hook_file_move()
 */
function file_move(File $source, $destination = NULL, $replace = FILE_EXISTS_RENAME) {
  if (!file_valid_uri($destination)) {
    if (($realpath = drupal_realpath($source->uri)) !== FALSE) {
      watchdog('file', 'File %file (%realpath) could not be moved because the destination %destination is invalid. This may be caused by improper use of file_move() or a missing stream wrapper.', array('%file' => $source->uri, '%realpath' => $realpath, '%destination' => $destination));
    }
    else {
      watchdog('file', 'File %file could not be moved because the destination %destination is invalid. This may be caused by improper use of file_move() or a missing stream wrapper.', array('%file' => $source->uri, '%destination' => $destination));
    }
    drupal_set_message(t('The specified file %file could not be moved because the destination is invalid. More information is available in the system log.', array('%file' => $source->uri)), 'error');
    return FALSE;
  }

  if ($uri = file_unmanaged_move($source->uri, $destination, $replace)) {
    $delete_source = FALSE;

    $file = clone $source;
    $file->uri = $uri;
    // If we are replacing an existing file re-use its database record.
    if ($replace == FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE) {
      $existing_files = entity_load_multiple_by_properties('file', array('uri' => $uri));
      if (count($existing_files)) {
        $existing = reset($existing_files);
        $delete_source = TRUE;
        $file->fid = $existing->fid;
      }
    }
    // If we are renaming around an existing file (rather than a directory),
    // use its basename for the filename.
    elseif ($replace == FILE_EXISTS_RENAME && is_file($destination)) {
      $file->filename = drupal_basename($destination);
    }

    $file->save();

    // Inform modules that the file has been moved.
    module_invoke_all('file_move', $file, $source);

    // Delete the original if it's not in use elsewhere.
    if ($delete_source && !file_usage_list($source)) {
      $source->delete();
    }

    return $file;
  }
  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Checks that a file meets the criteria specified by the validators.
 *
 * After executing the validator callbacks specified hook_file_validate() will
 * also be called to allow other modules to report errors about the file.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 * @param $validators
 *   An optional, associative array of callback functions used to validate the
 *   file. The keys are function names and the values arrays of callback
 *   parameters which will be passed in after the file entity. The
 *   functions should return an array of error messages; an empty array
 *   indicates that the file passed validation. The functions will be called in
 *   the order specified.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array containing validation error messages.
 *
 * @see hook_file_validate()
 */
function file_validate(File $file, $validators = array()) {
  // Call the validation functions specified by this function's caller.
  $errors = array();
  foreach ($validators as $function => $args) {
    if (function_exists($function)) {
      array_unshift($args, $file);
      $errors = array_merge($errors, call_user_func_array($function, $args));
    }
  }

  // Let other modules perform validation on the new file.
  return array_merge($errors, module_invoke_all('file_validate', $file));
}

/**
 * Checks for files with names longer than can be stored in the database.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array. If the file name is too long, it will contain an error message.
 */
function file_validate_name_length(File $file) {
  $errors = array();

  if (empty($file->filename)) {
    $errors[] = t("The file's name is empty. Please give a name to the file.");
  }
  if (strlen($file->filename) > 240) {
    $errors[] = t("The file's name exceeds the 240 characters limit. Please rename the file and try again.");
  }
  return $errors;
}

/**
 * Checks that the filename ends with an allowed extension.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 * @param $extensions
 *   A string with a space separated list of allowed extensions.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array. If the file extension is not allowed, it will contain an error
 *   message.
 *
 * @see hook_file_validate()
 */
function file_validate_extensions(File $file, $extensions) {
  $errors = array();

  $regex = '/\.(' . preg_replace('/ +/', '|', preg_quote($extensions)) . ')$/i';
  if (!preg_match($regex, $file->filename)) {
    $errors[] = t('Only files with the following extensions are allowed: %files-allowed.', array('%files-allowed' => $extensions));
  }
  return $errors;
}

/**
 * Checks that the file's size is below certain limits.
 *
 * This check is not enforced for the user #1.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 * @param $file_limit
 *   An integer specifying the maximum file size in bytes. Zero indicates that
 *   no limit should be enforced.
 * @param $user_limit
 *   An integer specifying the maximum number of bytes the user is allowed.
 *   Zero indicates that no limit should be enforced.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array. If the file size exceeds limits, it will contain an error
 *   message.
 *
 * @see hook_file_validate()
 */
function file_validate_size(File $file, $file_limit = 0, $user_limit = 0) {
  global $user;
  $errors = array();

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  if ($file_limit && $file->filesize > $file_limit) {
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    $errors[] = t('The file is %filesize exceeding the maximum file size of %maxsize.', array('%filesize' => format_size($file->filesize), '%maxsize' => format_size($file_limit)));
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  }
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  // Save a query by only calling file_space_used() when a limit is provided.
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  if ($user_limit && (file_space_used($user->uid) + $file->filesize) > $user_limit) {
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    $errors[] = t('The file is %filesize which would exceed your disk quota of %quota.', array('%filesize' => format_size($file->filesize), '%quota' => format_size($user_limit)));
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  }
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  return $errors;
}

/**
 * Checks that the file is recognized by image_get_info() as an image.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array. If the file is not an image, it will contain an error message.
 *
 * @see hook_file_validate()
 */
function file_validate_is_image(File $file) {
  $errors = array();

  $info = image_get_info($file->uri);
  if (!$info || empty($info['extension'])) {
    $errors[] = t('Only JPEG, PNG and GIF images are allowed.');
  }

  return $errors;
}

/**
 * Verifies that image dimensions are within the specified maximum and minimum.
 *
 * Non-image files will be ignored. If a image toolkit is available the image
 * will be scaled to fit within the desired maximum dimensions.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity. This function may resize the file affecting its size.
 * @param $maximum_dimensions
 *   An optional string in the form WIDTHxHEIGHT e.g. '640x480' or '85x85'. If
 *   an image toolkit is installed the image will be resized down to these
 *   dimensions. A value of 0 indicates no restriction on size, so resizing
 *   will be attempted.
 * @param $minimum_dimensions
 *   An optional string in the form WIDTHxHEIGHT. This will check that the
 *   image meets a minimum size. A value of 0 indicates no restriction.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array. If the file is an image and did not meet the requirements, it
 *   will contain an error message.
 *
 * @see hook_file_validate()
 */
function file_validate_image_resolution(File $file, $maximum_dimensions = 0, $minimum_dimensions = 0) {
  $errors = array();

  // Check first that the file is an image.
  if ($info = image_get_info($file->uri)) {
    if ($maximum_dimensions) {
      // Check that it is smaller than the given dimensions.
      list($width, $height) = explode('x', $maximum_dimensions);
      if ($info['width'] > $width || $info['height'] > $height) {
        // Try to resize the image to fit the dimensions.
        if ($image = image_load($file->uri)) {
          image_scale($image, $width, $height);
          image_save($image);
          $file->filesize = $image->info['file_size'];
          drupal_set_message(t('The image was resized to fit within the maximum allowed dimensions of %dimensions pixels.', array('%dimensions' => $maximum_dimensions)));
        }
        else {
          $errors[] = t('The image is too large; the maximum dimensions are %dimensions pixels.', array('%dimensions' => $maximum_dimensions));
        }
      }
    }

    if ($minimum_dimensions) {
      // Check that it is larger than the given dimensions.
      list($width, $height) = explode('x', $minimum_dimensions);
      if ($info['width'] < $width || $info['height'] < $height) {
        $errors[] = t('The image is too small; the minimum dimensions are %dimensions pixels.', array('%dimensions' => $minimum_dimensions));
      }
    }
  }

  return $errors;
}

/**
 * Saves a file to the specified destination and creates a database entry.
 *
 * @param $data
 *   A string containing the contents of the file.
 * @param $destination
 *   A string containing the destination URI. This must be a stream wrapper URI.
 *   If no value is provided, a randomized name will be generated and the file
 *   will be saved using Drupal's default files scheme, usually "public://".
 * @param $replace
 *   Replace behavior when the destination file already exists:
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE - Replace the existing file. If a managed file with
 *       the destination name exists then its database entry will be updated. If
 *       no database entry is found then a new one will be created.
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_RENAME - Append _{incrementing number} until the filename is
 *       unique.
 *   - FILE_EXISTS_ERROR - Do nothing and return FALSE.
 *
 * @return Drupal\file\File
 *   A file entity, or FALSE on error.
 *
 * @see file_unmanaged_save_data()
 */
function file_save_data($data, $destination = NULL, $replace = FILE_EXISTS_RENAME) {
  global $user;

  if (empty($destination)) {
    $destination = file_default_scheme() . '://';
  }
  if (!file_valid_uri($destination)) {
    watchdog('file', 'The data could not be saved because the destination %destination is invalid. This may be caused by improper use of file_save_data() or a missing stream wrapper.', array('%destination' => $destination));
    drupal_set_message(t('The data could not be saved because the destination is invalid. More information is available in the system log.'), 'error');
    return FALSE;
  }

  if ($uri = file_unmanaged_save_data($data, $destination, $replace)) {
    // Create a file entity.
    $file = entity_create('file', array(
      'uri' => $uri,
      'uid' => $user->uid,
      'status' => FILE_STATUS_PERMANENT,
    ));
    // If we are replacing an existing file re-use its database record.
    if ($replace == FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE) {
      $existing_files = entity_load_multiple_by_properties('file', array('uri' => $uri));
      if (count($existing_files)) {
        $existing = reset($existing_files);
        $file->fid = $existing->fid;
        $file->filename = $existing->filename;
      }
    }
    // If we are renaming around an existing file (rather than a directory),
    // use its basename for the filename.
    elseif ($replace == FILE_EXISTS_RENAME && is_file($destination)) {
      $file->filename = drupal_basename($destination);
    }

    $file->save();
    return $file;
  }
  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Examines a file entity and returns appropriate content headers for download.
 *
 * @param Drupal\file\File $file
 *   A file entity.
 *
 * @return
 *   An associative array of headers, as expected by
 *   \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\StreamedResponse.
 */
function file_get_content_headers(File $file) {
  $name = mime_header_encode($file->filename);
  $type = mime_header_encode($file->filemime);
  // Serve images, text, and flash content for display rather than download.
  $inline_types = variable_get('file_inline_types', array('^text/', '^image/', 'flash$'));
  $disposition = 'attachment';
  foreach ($inline_types as $inline_type) {
    // Exclamation marks are used as delimiters to avoid escaping slashes.
    if (preg_match('!' . $inline_type . '!', $file->filemime)) {
      $disposition = 'inline';
    }
  }

  return array(
710
    'Content-Type' => $type,
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    'Content-Length' => $file->filesize,
    'Content-Disposition' => $disposition . '; filename="' . $name . '"',
    'Cache-Control' => 'private',
  );
}

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/**
718
 * Implements hook_theme().
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 */
function file_theme() {
  return array(
    // file.module.
    'file_link' => array(
724
      'variables' => array('file' => NULL, 'icon_directory' => NULL),
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    ),
    'file_icon' => array(
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      'variables' => array('file' => NULL, 'icon_directory' => NULL),
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    ),
    'file_managed_file' => array(
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      'render element' => 'element',
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    ),

    // file.field.inc.
    'file_widget' => array(
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      'render element' => 'element',
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    ),
    'file_widget_multiple' => array(
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      'render element' => 'element',
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    ),
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    'file_formatter_table' => array(
      'variables' => array('items' => NULL),
    ),
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    'file_upload_help' => array(
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      'variables' => array('description' => NULL, 'upload_validators' => NULL),
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    ),
  );
}

/**
750
 * Implements hook_file_download().
751
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 *
 * This function takes an extra parameter $field_type so that it may
 * be re-used by other File-like modules, such as Image.
754
 */
755
function file_file_download($uri, $field_type = 'file') {
756
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  global $user;

  // Get the file record based on the URI. If not in the database just return.
759
  $files = entity_load_multiple_by_properties('file', array('uri' => $uri));
760
  if (count($files)) {
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    foreach ($files as $item) {
      // Since some database servers sometimes use a case-insensitive comparison
      // by default, double check that the filename is an exact match.
      if ($item->uri === $uri) {
        $file = $item;
        break;
      }
    }
769
  }
770
  if (!isset($file)) {
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    return;
  }

774
  // Find out which (if any) fields of this type contain the file.
775
  $references = file_get_file_references($file, NULL, FIELD_LOAD_CURRENT, $field_type);
776

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  // Stop processing if there are no references in order to avoid returning
  // headers for files controlled by other modules. Make an exception for
  // temporary files where the host entity has not yet been saved (for example,
  // an image preview on a node/add form) in which case, allow download by the
  // file's owner.
782
  if (empty($references) && ($file->status == FILE_STATUS_PERMANENT || $file->uid != $user->uid)) {
783
      return;
784
785
  }

786
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793
  // Default to allow access.
  $denied = FALSE;
  // Loop through all references of this file. If a reference explicitly allows
  // access to the field to which this file belongs, no further checks are done
  // and download access is granted. If a reference denies access, eventually
  // existing additional references are checked. If all references were checked
  // and no reference denied access, access is granted as well. If at least one
  // reference denied access, access is denied.
794
  foreach ($references as $field_name => $field_references) {
795
    foreach ($field_references as $entity_type => $type_references) {
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      foreach ($type_references as $id => $reference) {
        // Try to load $entity and $field.
798
        $entity = entity_load($entity_type, $id);
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        $field = field_info_field($field_name);

        // Load the field item that references the file.
        $match = FALSE;
803
        if ($entity) {
804
          // Load all fields items for that entity.
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          $field_items = field_get_items($entity_type, $entity, $field_name);

807
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          // Try to find the field item that references the given file.
          foreach ($field_items as $item) {
            if ($file->fid == $item['fid']) {
              $match = TRUE;
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              break;
            }
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          }
        }
815

816
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820
        // Check that $entity and $field were loaded successfully, a field
        // item that references the file exists and check if access to that
        // field is not disallowed. If any of these checks fail, stop checking
        // access for this reference.
        if (empty($entity) || empty($field) || !$match || !field_access('view', $field, $entity_type, $entity)) {
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          $denied = TRUE;
          break;
        }

        // Invoke hook and collect grants/denies for download access.
        // Default to FALSE and let entities overrule this ruling.
        $grants = array('system' => FALSE);
        foreach (module_implements('file_download_access') as $module) {
829
          $grants = array_merge($grants, array($module => module_invoke($module, 'file_download_access', $field, $entity, $file)));
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        }
        // Allow other modules to alter the returned grants/denies.
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        $context = array(
          'entity' => $entity,
          'field' => $field,
          'file' => $file,
        );
        drupal_alter('file_download_access', $grants, $context);
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        if (in_array(TRUE, $grants)) {
          // If TRUE is returned, access is granted and no further checks are
          // necessary.
          $denied = FALSE;
          break 3;
        }

        if (in_array(FALSE, $grants)) {
          // If an implementation returns FALSE, access to this entity is denied
          // but the file could belong to another entity to which the user might
          // have access. Continue with these.
          $denied = TRUE;
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        }
      }
    }
  }

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  // Access specifically denied.
  if ($denied) {
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    return -1;
  }

  // Access is granted.
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  $headers = file_get_content_headers($file);
  return $headers;
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865
}

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/**
 * Implements file_cron()
 */
function file_cron() {
  // Remove temporary files that are older than DRUPAL_MAXIMUM_TEMP_FILE_AGE.
  // Use separate placeholders for the status to avoid a bug in some versions
  // of PHP. See http://drupal.org/node/352956.
  $result = db_query('SELECT fid FROM {file_managed} WHERE status <> :permanent AND timestamp < :timestamp', array(
    ':permanent' => FILE_STATUS_PERMANENT,
    ':timestamp' => REQUEST_TIME - DRUPAL_MAXIMUM_TEMP_FILE_AGE
  ));
  foreach ($result as $row) {
    if ($file = file_load($row->fid)) {
      $references = file_usage_list($file);
      if (empty($references)) {
        if (file_exists($file->uri)) {
          $file->delete();
        }
        else {
          watchdog('file system', 'Could not delete temporary file "%path" during garbage collection', array('%path' => $file->uri), WATCHDOG_ERROR);
        }
      }
      else {
        watchdog('file system', 'Did not delete temporary file "%path" during garbage collection because it is in use by the following modules: %modules.', array('%path' => $file->uri, '%modules' => implode(', ', array_keys($references))), WATCHDOG_INFO);
      }
    }
  }
}

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/**
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897
 * Ajax callback: Processes file uploads and deletions.
 *
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901
 * This rebuilds the form element for a particular field item. As long as the
 * form processing is properly encapsulated in the widget element the form
 * should rebuild correctly using FAPI without the need for additional callbacks
 * or processing.
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903
 *
 * @see file_menu()
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 */
function file_ajax_upload() {
  $form_parents = func_get_args();
  $form_build_id = (string) array_pop($form_parents);

  if (empty($_POST['form_build_id']) || $form_build_id != $_POST['form_build_id']) {
    // Invalid request.
    drupal_set_message(t('An unrecoverable error occurred. The uploaded file likely exceeded the maximum file size (@size) that this server supports.', array('@size' => format_size(file_upload_max_size()))), 'error');
    $commands = array();
    $commands[] = ajax_command_replace(NULL, theme('status_messages'));
914
    return array('#type' => 'ajax', '#commands' => $commands);
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916
  }

917
  list($form, $form_state) = ajax_get_form();
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923

  if (!$form) {
    // Invalid form_build_id.
    drupal_set_message(t('An unrecoverable error occurred. Use of this form has expired. Try reloading the page and submitting again.'), 'error');
    $commands = array();
    $commands[] = ajax_command_replace(NULL, theme('status_messages'));
924
    return array('#type' => 'ajax', '#commands' => $commands);
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933
  }

  // Get the current element and count the number of files.
  $current_element = $form;
  foreach ($form_parents as $parent) {
    $current_element = $current_element[$parent];
  }
  $current_file_count = isset($current_element['#file_upload_delta']) ? $current_element['#file_upload_delta'] : 0;

934
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  // Process user input. $form and $form_state are modified in the process.
  drupal_process_form($form['#form_id'], $form, $form_state);
936
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941

  // Retrieve the element to be rendered.
  foreach ($form_parents as $parent) {
    $form = $form[$parent];
  }

942
  // Add the special Ajax class if a new file was added.
943
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  if (isset($form['#file_upload_delta']) && $current_file_count < $form['#file_upload_delta']) {
    $form[$current_file_count]['#attributes']['class'][] = 'ajax-new-content';
  }
  // Otherwise just add the new content class on a placeholder.
  else {
    $form['#suffix'] .= '<span class="ajax-new-content"></span>';
  }

  $output = theme('status_messages') . drupal_render($form);
  $js = drupal_add_js();
  $settings = call_user_func_array('array_merge_recursive', $js['settings']['data']);

  $commands = array();
  $commands[] = ajax_command_replace(NULL, $output, $settings);
957
  return array('#type' => 'ajax', '#commands' => $commands);
958
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960
}

/**
961
962
 * Ajax callback: Retrieves upload progress.
 *
963
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973
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981
982
983
984
985
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987
 * @param $key
 *   The unique key for this upload process.
 */
function file_ajax_progress($key) {
  $progress = array(
    'message' => t('Starting upload...'),
    'percentage' => -1,
  );

  $implementation = file_progress_implementation();
  if ($implementation == 'uploadprogress') {
    $status = uploadprogress_get_info($key);
    if (isset($status['bytes_uploaded']) && !empty($status['bytes_total'])) {
      $progress['message'] = t('Uploading... (@current of @total)', array('@current' => format_size($status['bytes_uploaded']), '@total' => format_size($status['bytes_total'])));
      $progress['percentage'] = round(100 * $status['bytes_uploaded'] / $status['bytes_total']);
    }
  }
  elseif ($implementation == 'apc') {
    $status = apc_fetch('upload_' . $key);
    if (isset($status['current']) && !empty($status['total'])) {
      $progress['message'] = t('Uploading... (@current of @total)', array('@current' => format_size($status['current']), '@total' => format_size($status['total'])));
      $progress['percentage'] = round(100 * $status['current'] / $status['total']);
    }
  }

988
  return new JsonResponse($progress);
989
990
991
}

/**
992
 * Determines the preferred upload progress implementation.
993
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995
996
997
998
999
1000
 *
 * @return
 *   A string indicating which upload progress system is available. Either "apc"
 *   or "uploadprogress". If neither are available, returns FALSE.
 */
function file_progress_implementation() {
  static $implementation;
  if (!isset($implementation)) {