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<?php
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/**
 * @file
 * Install, update and uninstall functions for the system module.
 */
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use Drupal\Component\Utility\Crypt;
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use Drupal\Component\Utility\Environment;
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use Drupal\Component\FileSystem\FileSystem;
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use Drupal\Component\Utility\OpCodeCache;
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use Drupal\Component\Utility\Unicode;
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use Drupal\Core\Cache\Cache;
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use Drupal\Core\Path\AliasStorage;
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use Drupal\Core\Url;
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use Drupal\Core\Database\Database;
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use Drupal\Core\Entity\ContentEntityTypeInterface;
use Drupal\Core\Entity\EntityTypeInterface;
use Drupal\Core\Entity\FieldableEntityInterface;
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use Drupal\Core\DrupalKernel;
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use Drupal\Core\Field\BaseFieldDefinition;
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use Drupal\Core\Site\Settings;
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use Drupal\Core\StreamWrapper\PrivateStream;
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use Drupal\Core\StreamWrapper\PublicStream;
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use Drupal\system\SystemRequirements;
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use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request;
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/**
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 * Implements hook_requirements().
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 */
function system_requirements($phase) {
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  global $install_state;
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  $requirements = [];
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  // Report Drupal version
  if ($phase == 'runtime') {
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    $requirements['drupal'] = [
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      'title' => t('Drupal'),
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      'value' => \Drupal::VERSION,
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      'severity' => REQUIREMENT_INFO,
      'weight' => -10,
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    ];
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    // Display the currently active installation profile, if the site
    // is not running the default installation profile.
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    $profile = drupal_get_profile();
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    if ($profile != 'standard') {
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      $info = system_get_info('module', $profile);
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      $requirements['install_profile'] = [
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        'title' => t('Installation profile'),
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        'value' => t('%profile_name (%profile-%version)', [
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          '%profile_name' => $info['name'],
          '%profile' => $profile,
          '%version' => $info['version']
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        ]),
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        'severity' => REQUIREMENT_INFO,
        'weight' => -9
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      ];
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    }
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    // Warn if any experimental modules are installed.
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    $experimental = [];
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    $enabled_modules = \Drupal::moduleHandler()->getModuleList();
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    foreach ($enabled_modules as $module => $data) {
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      $info = system_get_info('module', $module);
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      if (isset($info['package']) && $info['package'] === 'Core (Experimental)') {
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        $experimental[$module] = $info['name'];
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      }
    }
    if (!empty($experimental)) {
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      $requirements['experimental'] = [
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        'title' => t('Experimental modules enabled'),
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        'value' => t('Experimental modules found: %module_list. <a href=":url">Experimental modules</a> are provided for testing purposes only. Use at your own risk.', ['%module_list' => implode(', ', $experimental), ':url' => 'https://www.drupal.org/core/experimental']),
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        'severity' => REQUIREMENT_WARNING,
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      ];
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    }
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  }

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  // Web server information.
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  $software = \Drupal::request()->server->get('SERVER_SOFTWARE');
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  $requirements['webserver'] = [
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    'title' => t('Web server'),
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    'value' => $software,
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  ];
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  // Tests clean URL support.
  if ($phase == 'install' && $install_state['interactive'] && !isset($_GET['rewrite']) && strpos($software, 'Apache') !== FALSE) {
    // If the Apache rewrite module is not enabled, Apache version must be >=
    // 2.2.16 because of the FallbackResource directive in the root .htaccess
    // file. Since the Apache version reported by the server is dependent on the
    // ServerTokens setting in httpd.conf, we may not be able to determine if a
    // given config is valid. Thus we are unable to use version_compare() as we
    // need have three possible outcomes: the version of Apache is greater than
    // 2.2.16, is less than 2.2.16, or cannot be determined accurately. In the
    // first case, we encourage the use of mod_rewrite; in the second case, we
    // raise an error regarding the minimum Apache version; in the third case,
    // we raise a warning that the current version of Apache may not be
    // supported.
    $rewrite_warning = FALSE;
    $rewrite_error = FALSE;
    $apache_version_string = 'Apache';

    // Determine the Apache version number: major, minor and revision.
    if (preg_match('/Apache\/(\d+)\.?(\d+)?\.?(\d+)?/', $software, $matches)) {
      $apache_version_string = $matches[0];

      // Major version number
      if ($matches[1] < 2) {
        $rewrite_error = TRUE;
      }
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      elseif ($matches[1] == 2) {
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        if (!isset($matches[2])) {
          $rewrite_warning = TRUE;
        }
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        elseif ($matches[2] < 2) {
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          $rewrite_error = TRUE;
        }
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        elseif ($matches[2] == 2) {
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          if (!isset($matches[3])) {
            $rewrite_warning = TRUE;
          }
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          elseif ($matches[3] < 16) {
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            $rewrite_error = TRUE;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    else {
      $rewrite_warning = TRUE;
    }

    if ($rewrite_warning) {
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      $requirements['apache_version'] = [
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        'title' => t('Apache version'),
        'value' => $apache_version_string,
        'severity' => REQUIREMENT_WARNING,
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        'description' => t('Due to the settings for ServerTokens in httpd.conf, it is impossible to accurately determine the version of Apache running on this server. The reported value is @reported, to run Drupal without mod_rewrite, a minimum version of 2.2.16 is needed.', ['@reported' => $apache_version_string]),
      ];
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    }

    if ($rewrite_error) {
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      $requirements['Apache version'] = [
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        'title' => t('Apache version'),
        'value' => $apache_version_string,
        'severity' => REQUIREMENT_ERROR,
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        'description' => t('The minimum version of Apache needed to run Drupal without mod_rewrite enabled is 2.2.16. See the <a href=":link">enabling clean URLs</a> page for more information on mod_rewrite.', [':link' => 'http://drupal.org/node/15365']),
      ];
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    }

    if (!$rewrite_error && !$rewrite_warning) {
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      $requirements['rewrite_module'] = [
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        'title' => t('Clean URLs'),
        'value' => t('Disabled'),
        'severity' => REQUIREMENT_WARNING,
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        'description' => t('Your server is capable of using clean URLs, but it is not enabled. Using clean URLs gives an improved user experience and is recommended. <a href=":link">Enable clean URLs</a>', [':link' => 'http://drupal.org/node/15365']),
      ];
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    }
  }

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  // Verify the user is running a supported PHP version.
  // If the site is running a recommended version of PHP, just display it
  // as an informational message on the status report. This will be overridden
  // with an error or warning if the site is running older PHP versions for
  // which Drupal has already or will soon drop support.
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  $phpversion = $phpversion_label = phpversion();
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  if (function_exists('phpinfo')) {
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    if ($phase === 'runtime') {
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      $phpversion_label = t('@phpversion (<a href=":url">more information</a>)', ['@phpversion' => $phpversion, ':url' => (new Url('system.php'))->toString()]);
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    }
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    $requirements['php'] = [
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      'title' => t('PHP'),
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      'value' => $phpversion_label,
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    ];
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  }
  else {
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    // @todo Revisit whether this description makes sense in
    //   https://www.drupal.org/project/drupal/issues/2927318.
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    $requirements['php'] = [
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      'title' => t('PHP'),
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      'value' => $phpversion_label,
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      'description' => t('The phpinfo() function has been disabled for security reasons. To see your server\'s phpinfo() information, change your PHP settings or contact your server administrator. For more information, <a href=":phpinfo">Enabling and disabling phpinfo()</a> handbook page.', [':phpinfo' => 'https://www.drupal.org/node/243993']),
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      'severity' => REQUIREMENT_INFO,
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    ];
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  }

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  if (version_compare($phpversion, DRUPAL_MINIMUM_PHP) < 0) {
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    $requirements['php']['description'] = t('Your PHP installation is too old. Drupal requires at least PHP %version.', ['%version' => DRUPAL_MINIMUM_PHP]);
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    $requirements['php']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
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    // If PHP is old, it's not safe to continue with the requirements check.
    return $requirements;
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  }
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  // @todo Warn about specific end dates for our PHP 5.5, 5.6, and 7.0 support
  //   once each is set.
  // @see https://www.drupal.org/project/drupal/issues/2927344
  if ((version_compare($phpversion, DRUPAL_RECOMMENDED_PHP) < 0) && ($phase === 'install' || $phase === 'runtime')) {
    $requirements['php']['description'] = t('Your PHP installation is running version %version. Support for this version will be dropped in a future Drupal release. Upgrade to PHP version %recommended or higher to ensure your site continues to receive Drupal updates and remains secure. See <a href="http://php.net/supported-versions.php">PHP\'s version support documentation</a> and the <a href=":php_requirements">Drupal 8 PHP requirements handbook page</a> for more information.', ['%version' => $phpversion, '%recommended' => DRUPAL_RECOMMENDED_PHP, ':php_requirements' => 'https://www.drupal.org/docs/8/system-requirements/php']);
    $requirements['php']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_WARNING;
  }
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  // Suggest to update to at least 5.5.21 or 5.6.5 for disabling multiple
  // statements.
  if (($phase === 'install' || \Drupal::database()->driver() === 'mysql') && !SystemRequirements::phpVersionWithPdoDisallowMultipleStatements($phpversion)) {
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    $requirements['php_multiple_statement'] = [
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      'title' => t('PHP (multiple statement disabling)'),
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      'value' => $phpversion_label,
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      'description' => t('PHP versions higher than 5.6.5 or 5.5.21 provide built-in SQL injection protection for mysql databases. It is recommended to update.'),
      'severity' => REQUIREMENT_INFO,
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    ];
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  }

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  // Test for PHP extensions.
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  $requirements['php_extensions'] = [
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    'title' => t('PHP extensions'),
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  ];
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  $missing_extensions = [];
  $required_extensions = [
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    'date',
    'dom',
    'filter',
    'gd',
    'hash',
    'json',
    'pcre',
    'pdo',
    'session',
    'SimpleXML',
    'SPL',
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    'tokenizer',
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    'xml',
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  ];
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  foreach ($required_extensions as $extension) {
    if (!extension_loaded($extension)) {
      $missing_extensions[] = $extension;
    }
  }

  if (!empty($missing_extensions)) {
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    $description = t('Drupal requires you to enable the PHP extensions in the following list (see the <a href=":system_requirements">system requirements page</a> for more information):', [
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      ':system_requirements' => 'https://www.drupal.org/requirements',
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    ]);
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    // We use twig inline_template to avoid twig's autoescape.
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    $description = [
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      '#type' => 'inline_template',
      '#template' => '{{ description }}{{ missing_extensions }}',
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      '#context' => [
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        'description' => $description,
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        'missing_extensions' => [
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          '#theme' => 'item_list',
          '#items' => $missing_extensions,
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        ],
      ],
    ];
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    $requirements['php_extensions']['value'] = t('Disabled');
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    $requirements['php_extensions']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
    $requirements['php_extensions']['description'] = $description;
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  }
  else {
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    $requirements['php_extensions']['value'] = t('Enabled');
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  }

  if ($phase == 'install' || $phase == 'runtime') {
    // Check to see if OPcache is installed.
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    if (!OpCodeCache::isEnabled()) {
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      $requirements['php_opcache'] = [
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        'value' => t('Not enabled'),
        'severity' => REQUIREMENT_WARNING,
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        'description' => t('PHP OPcode caching can improve your site\'s performance considerably. It is <strong>highly recommended</strong> to have <a href="http://php.net/manual/opcache.installation.php" target="_blank">OPcache</a> installed on your server.'),
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      ];
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    }
    else {
      $requirements['php_opcache']['value'] = t('Enabled');
    }
    $requirements['php_opcache']['title'] = t('PHP OPcode caching');
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  }
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  if ($phase != 'update') {
    // Test whether we have a good source of random bytes.
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    $requirements['php_random_bytes'] = [
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      'title' => t('Random number generation'),
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    ];
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    try {
      $bytes = random_bytes(10);
      if (strlen($bytes) != 10) {
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        throw new \Exception(t('Tried to generate 10 random bytes, generated @count', ['@count' => strlen($bytes)]));
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      }
      $requirements['php_random_bytes']['value'] = t('Successful');
    }
    catch (\Exception $e) {
      // If /dev/urandom is not available on a UNIX-like system, check whether
      // open_basedir restrictions are the cause.
      $open_basedir_blocks_urandom = FALSE;
      if (DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR === '/' && !@is_readable('/dev/urandom')) {
        $open_basedir = ini_get('open_basedir');
        if ($open_basedir) {
          $open_basedir_paths = explode(PATH_SEPARATOR, $open_basedir);
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          $open_basedir_blocks_urandom = !array_intersect(['/dev', '/dev/', '/dev/urandom'], $open_basedir_paths);
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        }
      }
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      $args = [
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        ':drupal-php' => 'https://www.drupal.org/docs/7/system-requirements/php#csprng',
        '%exception_message' => $e->getMessage(),
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      ];
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      if ($open_basedir_blocks_urandom) {
        $requirements['php_random_bytes']['description'] = t('Drupal is unable to generate highly randomized numbers, which means certain security features like password reset URLs are not as secure as they should be. Instead, only a slow, less-secure fallback generator is available. The most likely cause is that open_basedir restrictions are in effect and /dev/urandom is not on the whitelist. See the <a href=":drupal-php">system requirements</a> page for more information. %exception_message', $args);
      }
      else {
        $requirements['php_random_bytes']['description'] = t('Drupal is unable to generate highly randomized numbers, which means certain security features like password reset URLs are not as secure as they should be. Instead, only a slow, less-secure fallback generator is available. See the <a href=":drupal-php">system requirements</a> page for more information. %exception_message', $args);
      }
      $requirements['php_random_bytes']['value'] = t('Less secure');
      $requirements['php_random_bytes']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
    }
  }

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  if ($phase == 'install' || $phase == 'update') {
    // Test for PDO (database).
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    $requirements['database_extensions'] = [
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      'title' => t('Database support'),
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    ];
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    // Make sure PDO is available.
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    $database_ok = extension_loaded('pdo');
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    if (!$database_ok) {
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      $pdo_message = t('Your web server does not appear to support PDO (PHP Data Objects). Ask your hosting provider if they support the native PDO extension. See the <a href=":link">system requirements</a> page for more information.', [
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        ':link' => 'https://www.drupal.org/requirements/pdo',
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      ]);
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    }
    else {
      // Make sure at least one supported database driver exists.
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      $drivers = drupal_detect_database_types();
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      if (empty($drivers)) {
        $database_ok = FALSE;
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        $pdo_message = t('Your web server does not appear to support any common PDO database extensions. Check with your hosting provider to see if they support PDO (PHP Data Objects) and offer any databases that <a href=":drupal-databases">Drupal supports</a>.', [
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          ':drupal-databases' => 'https://www.drupal.org/requirements/database',
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        ]);
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      }
      // Make sure the native PDO extension is available, not the older PEAR
      // version. (See install_verify_pdo() for details.)
      if (!defined('PDO::ATTR_DEFAULT_FETCH_MODE')) {
        $database_ok = FALSE;
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        $pdo_message = t('Your web server seems to have the wrong version of PDO installed. Drupal requires the PDO extension from PHP core. This system has the older PECL version. See the <a href=":link">system requirements</a> page for more information.', [
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          ':link' => 'https://www.drupal.org/requirements/pdo#pecl',
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        ]);
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      }
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    }
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    if (!$database_ok) {
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      $requirements['database_extensions']['value'] = t('Disabled');
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      $requirements['database_extensions']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
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      $requirements['database_extensions']['description'] = $pdo_message;
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    }
    else {
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      $requirements['database_extensions']['value'] = t('Enabled');
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    }
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  }
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  else {
    // Database information.
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    $class = Database::getConnection()->getDriverClass('Install\\Tasks');
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    $tasks = new $class();
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    $requirements['database_system'] = [
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      'title' => t('Database system'),
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      'value' => $tasks->name(),
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    ];
    $requirements['database_system_version'] = [
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      'title' => t('Database system version'),
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      'value' => Database::getConnection()->version(),
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    ];
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  }
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  // Test PHP memory_limit
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  $memory_limit = ini_get('memory_limit');
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  $requirements['php_memory_limit'] = [
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    'title' => t('PHP memory limit'),
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    'value' => $memory_limit == -1 ? t('-1 (Unlimited)') : $memory_limit,
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  ];
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  if (!Environment::checkMemoryLimit(DRUPAL_MINIMUM_PHP_MEMORY_LIMIT, $memory_limit)) {
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    $description = [];
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    if ($phase == 'install') {
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      $description['phase'] = t('Consider increasing your PHP memory limit to %memory_minimum_limit to help prevent errors in the installation process.', ['%memory_minimum_limit' => DRUPAL_MINIMUM_PHP_MEMORY_LIMIT]);
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    }
    elseif ($phase == 'update') {
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      $description['phase'] = t('Consider increasing your PHP memory limit to %memory_minimum_limit to help prevent errors in the update process.', ['%memory_minimum_limit' => DRUPAL_MINIMUM_PHP_MEMORY_LIMIT]);
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    }
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    elseif ($phase == 'runtime') {
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      $description['phase'] = t('Depending on your configuration, Drupal can run with a %memory_limit PHP memory limit. However, a %memory_minimum_limit PHP memory limit or above is recommended, especially if your site uses additional custom or contributed modules.', ['%memory_limit' => $memory_limit, '%memory_minimum_limit' => DRUPAL_MINIMUM_PHP_MEMORY_LIMIT]);
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    }
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    if (!empty($description['phase'])) {
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      if ($php_ini_path = get_cfg_var('cfg_file_path')) {
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        $description['memory'] = t('Increase the memory limit by editing the memory_limit parameter in the file %configuration-file and then restart your web server (or contact your system administrator or hosting provider for assistance).', ['%configuration-file' => $php_ini_path]);
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      }
      else {
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        $description['memory'] = t('Contact your system administrator or hosting provider for assistance with increasing your PHP memory limit.');
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      }
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      $handbook_link = t('For more information, see the online handbook entry for <a href=":memory-limit">increasing the PHP memory limit</a>.', [':memory-limit' => 'https://www.drupal.org/node/207036']);
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      $description = [
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        '#type' => 'inline_template',
        '#template' => '{{ description_phase }} {{ description_memory }} {{ handbook }}',
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        '#context' => [
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          'description_phase' => $description['phase'],
          'description_memory' => $description['memory'],
          'handbook' => $handbook_link,
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        ],
      ];
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      $requirements['php_memory_limit']['description'] = $description;
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      $requirements['php_memory_limit']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_WARNING;
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    }
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  }
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  // Test configuration files and directory for writability.
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  if ($phase == 'runtime') {
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    $conf_errors = [];
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    // Find the site path. Kernel service is not always available at this point,
    // but is preferred, when available.
    if (\Drupal::hasService('kernel')) {
      $site_path = \Drupal::service('site.path');
    }
    else {
      $site_path = DrupalKernel::findSitePath(Request::createFromGlobals());
    }
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    // Allow system administrators to disable permissions hardening for the site
    // directory. This allows additional files in the site directory to be
    // updated when they are managed in a version control system.
    if (Settings::get('skip_permissions_hardening')) {
      $conf_errors[] = t('Protection disabled');
      // If permissions hardening is disabled, then only show a warning for a
      // writable file, as a reminder, rather than an error.
      $file_protection_severity = REQUIREMENT_WARNING;
    }
    else {
      // In normal operation, writable files or directories are an error.
      $file_protection_severity = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
      if (!drupal_verify_install_file($site_path, FILE_NOT_WRITABLE, 'dir')) {
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        $conf_errors[] = t("The directory %file is not protected from modifications and poses a security risk. You must change the directory's permissions to be non-writable.", ['%file' => $site_path]);
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      }
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    }
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    foreach (['settings.php', 'settings.local.php', 'services.yml'] as $conf_file) {
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      $full_path = $site_path . '/' . $conf_file;
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      if (file_exists($full_path) && (Settings::get('skip_permissions_hardening') || !drupal_verify_install_file($full_path, FILE_EXIST | FILE_READABLE | FILE_NOT_WRITABLE))) {
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        $conf_errors[] = t("The file %file is not protected from modifications and poses a security risk. You must change the file's permissions to be non-writable.", ['%file' => $full_path]);
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      }
    }
    if (!empty($conf_errors)) {
      if (count($conf_errors) == 1) {
        $description = $conf_errors[0];
      }
      else {
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        // We use twig inline_template to avoid double escaping.
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        $description = [
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          '#type' => 'inline_template',
          '#template' => '{{ configuration_error_list }}',
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          '#context' => [
            'configuration_error_list' => [
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              '#theme' => 'item_list',
              '#items' => $conf_errors,
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            ],
          ],
        ];
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      }
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      $requirements['configuration_files'] = [
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        'value' => t('Not protected'),
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        'severity' => $file_protection_severity,
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        'description' => $description,
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      ];
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    }
    else {
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      $requirements['configuration_files'] = [
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        'value' => t('Protected'),
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      ];
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    }
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    $requirements['configuration_files']['title'] = t('Configuration files');
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  }

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  // Test the contents of the .htaccess files.
  if ($phase == 'runtime') {
    // Try to write the .htaccess files first, to prevent false alarms in case
    // (for example) the /tmp directory was wiped.
    file_ensure_htaccess();
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    $file_system = \Drupal::service('file_system');
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    $htaccess_files['public://.htaccess'] = [
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      'title' => t('Public files directory'),
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      'directory' => $file_system->realpath('public://'),
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    ];
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    if (PrivateStream::basePath()) {
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      $htaccess_files['private://.htaccess'] = [
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        'title' => t('Private files directory'),
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        'directory' => $file_system->realpath('private://'),
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      ];
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    }
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    $htaccess_files['temporary://.htaccess'] = [
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      'title' => t('Temporary files directory'),
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      'directory' => $file_system->realpath('temporary://'),
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    ];
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    foreach ($htaccess_files as $htaccess_file => $info) {
      // Check for the string which was added to the recommended .htaccess file
      // in the latest security update.
      if (!file_exists($htaccess_file) || !($contents = @file_get_contents($htaccess_file)) || strpos($contents, 'Drupal_Security_Do_Not_Remove_See_SA_2013_003') === FALSE) {
504
        $url = 'https://www.drupal.org/SA-CORE-2013-003';
505
        $requirements[$htaccess_file] = [
506 507 508
          'title' => $info['title'],
          'value' => t('Not fully protected'),
          'severity' => REQUIREMENT_ERROR,
509 510
          'description' => t('See <a href=":url">@url</a> for information about the recommended .htaccess file which should be added to the %directory directory to help protect against arbitrary code execution.', [':url' => $url, '@url' => $url, '%directory' => $info['directory']]),
        ];
511 512 513 514
      }
    }
  }

515
  // Report cron status.
516
  if ($phase == 'runtime') {
517
    $cron_config = \Drupal::config('system.cron');
518
    // Cron warning threshold defaults to two days.
519
    $threshold_warning = $cron_config->get('threshold.requirements_warning');
520
    // Cron error threshold defaults to two weeks.
521
    $threshold_error = $cron_config->get('threshold.requirements_error');
522

523
    // Determine when cron last ran.
524
    $cron_last = \Drupal::state()->get('system.cron_last');
525
    if (!is_numeric($cron_last)) {
526
      $cron_last = \Drupal::state()->get('install_time', 0);
527
    }
528

529
    // Determine severity based on time since cron last ran.
530
    $severity = REQUIREMENT_INFO;
531
    if (REQUEST_TIME - $cron_last > $threshold_error) {
532
      $severity = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
533
    }
534
    elseif (REQUEST_TIME - $cron_last > $threshold_warning) {
535 536 537 538
      $severity = REQUIREMENT_WARNING;
    }

    // Set summary and description based on values determined above.
539
    $summary = t('Last run @time ago', ['@time' => \Drupal::service('date.formatter')->formatTimeDiffSince($cron_last)]);
540

541
    $requirements['cron'] = [
542
      'title' => t('Cron maintenance tasks'),
543 544
      'severity' => $severity,
      'value' => $summary,
545
    ];
546 547 548 549 550 551 552
    if ($severity != REQUIREMENT_INFO) {
      $requirements['cron']['description'][] = [
        [
          '#markup' => t('Cron has not run recently.'),
          '#suffix' => ' ',
        ],
        [
553
          '#markup' => t('For more information, see the online handbook entry for <a href=":cron-handbook">configuring cron jobs</a>.', [':cron-handbook' => 'https://www.drupal.org/cron']),
554 555 556 557 558 559
          '#suffix' => ' ',
        ],
      ];
    }
    $requirements['cron']['description'][] = [
      [
560 561 562 563 564
        '#type' => 'link',
        '#prefix' => '(',
        '#title' => t('more information'),
        '#suffix' => ')',
        '#url' => Url::fromRoute('system.cron_settings'),
565 566
      ],
      [
567 568 569 570 571
        '#prefix' => '<span class="cron-description__run-cron">',
        '#suffix' => '</span>',
        '#type' => 'link',
        '#title' => t('Run cron'),
        '#url' => Url::fromRoute('system.run_cron'),
572 573
      ],
    ];
574
  }
575
  if ($phase != 'install') {
576
    $filesystem_config = \Drupal::config('system.file');
577
    $directories = [
578
      PublicStream::basePath(),
579 580
      // By default no private files directory is configured. For private files
      // to be secure the admin needs to provide a path outside the webroot.
581
      PrivateStream::basePath(),
582
      file_directory_temp(),
583
    ];
584
  }
585

586 587
  // During an install we need to make assumptions about the file system
  // unless overrides are provided in settings.php.
588
  if ($phase == 'install') {
589
    $directories = [];
590
    if ($file_public_path = Settings::get('file_public_path')) {
591
      $directories[] = $file_public_path;
592 593 594
    }
    else {
      // If we are installing Drupal, the settings.php file might not exist yet
595
      // in the intended site directory, so don't require it.
596 597 598
      $request = Request::createFromGlobals();
      $site_path = DrupalKernel::findSitePath($request);
      $directories[] = $site_path . '/files';
599
    }
600 601
    if ($file_private_path = Settings::get('file_private_path')) {
      $directories[] = $file_private_path;
602
    }
603 604
    if (!empty($GLOBALS['config']['system.file']['path']['temporary'])) {
      $directories[] = $GLOBALS['config']['system.file']['path']['temporary'];
605 606 607 608
    }
    else {
      // If the temporary directory is not overridden use an appropriate
      // temporary path for the system.
609
      $directories[] = FileSystem::getOsTemporaryDirectory();
610
    }
611 612
  }

613 614 615
  // Check the config directory if it is defined in settings.php. If it isn't
  // defined, the installer will create a valid config directory later, but
  // during runtime we must always display an error.
616
  if (!empty($GLOBALS['config_directories'])) {
617 618
    foreach (array_keys(array_filter($GLOBALS['config_directories'])) as $type) {
      $directory = config_get_config_directory($type);
619 620 621 622
      // If we're installing Drupal try and create the config sync directory.
      if (!is_dir($directory) && $phase == 'install') {
        file_prepare_directory($directory, FILE_CREATE_DIRECTORY | FILE_MODIFY_PERMISSIONS);
      }
623
      if (!is_dir($directory)) {
624
        if ($phase == 'install') {
625
          $description = t('An automated attempt to create the directory %directory failed, possibly due to a permissions problem. To proceed with the installation, either create the directory and modify its permissions manually or ensure that the installer has the permissions to create it automatically. For more information, see INSTALL.txt or the <a href=":handbook_url">online handbook</a>.', ['%directory' => $directory, ':handbook_url' => 'https://www.drupal.org/server-permissions']);
626 627
        }
        else {
628
          $description = t('The directory %directory does not exist.', ['%directory' => $directory]);
629
        }
630
        $requirements['config directory ' . $type] = [
631
          'title' => t('Configuration directory: %type', ['%type' => $type]),
632
          'description' => $description,
633
          'severity' => REQUIREMENT_ERROR,
634
        ];
635
      }
636
    }
637
  }
638
  if ($phase != 'install' && (empty($GLOBALS['config_directories']) || empty($GLOBALS['config_directories'][CONFIG_SYNC_DIRECTORY]))) {
639
    $requirements['config directories'] = [
640 641
      'title' => t('Configuration directories'),
      'value' => t('Not present'),
642
      'description' => t('Your %file file must define the $config_directories variable as an array containing the names of directories in which configuration files can be found. It must contain a %sync_key key.', ['%file' => $site_path . '/settings.php', '%sync_key' => CONFIG_SYNC_DIRECTORY]),
643
      'severity' => REQUIREMENT_ERROR,
644
    ];
645 646
  }

647
  $requirements['file system'] = [
648
    'title' => t('File system'),
649
  ];
650

651 652 653
  $error = '';
  // For installer, create the directories if possible.
  foreach ($directories as $directory) {
654 655 656
    if (!$directory) {
      continue;
    }
657
    if ($phase == 'install') {
658
      file_prepare_directory($directory, FILE_CREATE_DIRECTORY | FILE_MODIFY_PERMISSIONS);
659
    }
660 661 662 663
    $is_writable = is_writable($directory);
    $is_directory = is_dir($directory);
    if (!$is_writable || !$is_directory) {
      $description = '';
664
      $requirements['file system']['value'] = t('Not writable');
665
      if (!$is_directory) {
666
        $error = t('The directory %directory does not exist.', ['%directory' => $directory]);
667 668
      }
      else {
669
        $error = t('The directory %directory is not writable.', ['%directory' => $directory]);
670 671 672
      }
      // The files directory requirement check is done only during install and runtime.
      if ($phase == 'runtime') {
673
        $description = t('You may need to set the correct directory at the <a href=":admin-file-system">file system settings page</a> or change the current directory\'s permissions so that it is writable.', [':admin-file-system' => \Drupal::url('system.file_system_settings')]);
674 675 676 677
      }
      elseif ($phase == 'install') {
        // For the installer UI, we need different wording. 'value' will
        // be treated as version, so provide none there.
678
        $description = t('An automated attempt to create this directory failed, possibly due to a permissions problem. To proceed with the installation, either create the directory and modify its permissions manually or ensure that the installer has the permissions to create it automatically. For more information, see INSTALL.txt or the <a href=":handbook_url">online handbook</a>.', [':handbook_url' => 'https://www.drupal.org/server-permissions']);
679 680 681
        $requirements['file system']['value'] = '';
      }
      if (!empty($description)) {
682
        $description = [
683 684
          '#type' => 'inline_template',
          '#template' => '{{ error }} {{ description }}',
685
          '#context' => [
686 687
            'error' => $error,
            'description' => $description,
688 689
          ],
        ];
690 691 692
        $requirements['file system']['description'] = $description;
        $requirements['file system']['severity'] = REQUIREMENT_ERROR;
      }
693 694
    }
    else {
695 696 697
      // This function can be called before the config_cache table has been
      // created.
      if ($phase == 'install' || file_default_scheme() == 'public') {
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