module.inc 12 KB
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<?php
// $Id$

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/**
 * @file
 * API for loading and interacting with Drupal modules.
 */

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/**
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 * Load all the modules that have been enabled in the system table.
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 */
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function module_load_all() {
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  foreach (module_list(TRUE, FALSE) as $module) {
    drupal_load('module', $module);
  }
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}

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/**
 * Call a function repeatedly with each module in turn as an argument.
 */
function module_iterate($function, $argument = '') {
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  foreach (module_list() as $name) {
    $function($name, $argument);
  }
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}

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/**
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 * Collect a list of all loaded modules. During the bootstrap, return only
 * vital modules. See bootstrap.inc
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 *
 * @param $refresh
 *   Whether to force the module list to be regenerated (such as after the
 *   administrator has changed the system settings).
 * @param $bootstrap
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 *   Whether to return the reduced set of modules loaded in "bootstrap mode"
 *   for cached pages. See bootstrap.inc.
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 * @param $sort
 *   By default, modules are ordered by weight and filename, settings this option
 *   to TRUE, module list will be ordered by module name.
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 * @param $fixed_list
 *   (Optional) Override the module list with the given modules. Stays until the
 *   next call with $refresh = TRUE.
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 * @return
 *   An associative array whose keys and values are the names of all loaded
 *   modules.
 */
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function module_list($refresh = FALSE, $bootstrap = TRUE, $sort = FALSE, $fixed_list = NULL) {
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  static $list, $sorted_list;
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  if ($refresh || $fixed_list) {
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    unset($sorted_list);
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    $list = array();
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    if ($fixed_list) {
      foreach ($fixed_list as $name => $module) {
        drupal_get_filename('module', $name, $module['filename']);
        $list[$name] = $name;
      }
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    }
    else {
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      if ($bootstrap) {
        $result = db_query("SELECT name, filename, throttle, bootstrap FROM {system} WHERE type = 'module' AND status = 1 AND bootstrap = 1 ORDER BY weight ASC, filename ASC");
      }
      else {
        $result = db_query("SELECT name, filename, throttle, bootstrap FROM {system} WHERE type = 'module' AND status = 1 ORDER BY weight ASC, filename ASC");
      }
      while ($module = db_fetch_object($result)) {
        if (file_exists($module->filename)) {
          // Determine the current throttle status and see if the module should be
          // loaded based on server load. We have to directly access the throttle
          // variables, since throttle.module may not be loaded yet.
          $throttle = ($module->throttle && variable_get('throttle_level', 0) > 0);
          if (!$throttle) {
            drupal_get_filename('module', $module->name, $module->filename);
            $list[$module->name] = $module->name;
          }
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        }
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      }
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    }
  }
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  if ($sort) {
    if (!isset($sorted_list)) {
      $sorted_list = $list;
      ksort($sorted_list);
    }
    return $sorted_list;
  }
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  return $list;
}

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/**
 * Rebuild the database cache of module files.
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 *
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 * @return
 *   The array of filesystem objects used to rebuild the cache.
 */
function module_rebuild_cache() {
  // Get current list of modules
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  $files = drupal_system_listing('\.module$', 'modules', 'name', 0);
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  // Extract current files from database.
  system_get_files_database($files, 'module');

  ksort($files);

  foreach ($files as $filename => $file) {
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    $file->info = _module_parse_info_file(dirname($file->filename) .'/'. $file->name .'.info');
    // Skip modules that don't provide info.
    if (empty($file->info)) {
      unset($files[$filename]);
      continue;
    }
    $files[$filename]->info = $file->info;
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    // log the critical hooks implemented by this module
    $bootstrap = 0;
    foreach (bootstrap_hooks() as $hook) {
      if (module_hook($file->name, $hook)) {
        $bootstrap = 1;
        break;
      }
    }

    // Update the contents of the system table:
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    // TODO: We shouldn't actually need this description field anymore. Remove me next release.
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    if (isset($file->status) || (isset($file->old_filename) && $file->old_filename != $file->filename)) {
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      db_query("UPDATE {system} SET description = '%s', name = '%s', filename = '%s', bootstrap = %d WHERE filename = '%s'", $file->info['description'], $file->name, $file->filename, $bootstrap, $file->old_filename);
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    }
    else {
      // This is a new module.
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      db_query("INSERT INTO {system} (name, description, type, filename, status, throttle, bootstrap) VALUES ('%s', '%s', '%s', '%s', %d, %d, %d)", $file->name, $file->info['description'], 'module', $file->filename, $file->status, $file->throttle, $bootstrap);
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    }
  }
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  $files = _module_build_dependents($files);
  return $files;
}
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/**
 * Find dependents; modules that are required by other modules.
 * Adds an array of dependents to the $file->info array.
 *
 * @return
 *   The list of files array with dependents added where applicable.
 */
function _module_build_dependents($files) {
  foreach ($files as $filename => $file) {
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    if (isset($file->info['dependencies']) && is_array($file->info['dependencies'])) {
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      foreach ($file->info['dependencies'] as $dependency) {
        if (!empty($files[$dependency]) && is_array($files[$dependency]->info)) {
          if (!isset($files[$dependency]->info['dependents'])) {
            $files[$dependency]->info['dependents'] = array();
          }
          $files[$dependency]->info['dependents'][] = $filename;
        }
      }
    }
  }
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  return $files;
}

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/**
 * Parse Drupal info file format.
 * Uses ini parser provided by php's parse_ini_file().
 *
 * Files should use the ini format to specify values.
 * e.g.
 * key = "value"
 * key2 = value2
 *
 * Some things to be aware of:
 * - This function is NOT for placing arbitrary module-specific settings. Use variable_get()
 *   and variable_set() for that.
 * - You may not use double-quotes in a value.
 *
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 * Information stored in the module.info file:
 * name - The real name of the module for display purposes.
 * description - A brief description of the module.
 * dependencies - A space delimited list of the short names (shortname) of other modules this module depends on.
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 * package - The name of the package of modules this module belongs to.
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 *
 * Example of .info file:
 *   name = Forum
 *   description = Enables threaded discussions about general topics.
 *   dependencies = taxonomy comment
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 *   package = Core - optional
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 *
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 * @param $filename
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 *   The file we are parsing. Accepts file with relative or absolute path.
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 * @return
 *   The info array.
 */
function _module_parse_info_file($filename) {
  $info = array();

  if (file_exists($filename)) {
    $info = parse_ini_file($filename);
  }
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  if (isset($info['dependencies'])) {
    $info['dependencies'] = explode(" ", $info['dependencies']);
  }
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  return $info;
}

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/**
 * Determine whether a given module exists.
 *
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the module (without the .module extension).
 * @return
 *   TRUE if the module is both installed and enabled.
 */
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function module_exists($module) {
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  $list = module_list();
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  return array_key_exists($module, $list);
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}

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/**
 * Load a module's installation hooks.
 */
function module_load_install($module) {
  // Make sure the installation API is available
  include_once './includes/install.inc';

  $install_file = './'. drupal_get_path('module', $module) .'/'. $module .'.install';
  if (is_file($install_file)) {
    include_once $install_file;
  }
}

/**
 * Enable a given module.
 *
 * @param $module
 * Enable a given module and call its enable hook.
 */
function module_enable($module) {
  $existing = db_fetch_object(db_query("SELECT name, status FROM {system} WHERE type = 'module' AND name = '%s'", $module));
  if ($existing->status === '0') {
    module_load_install($module);
    db_query("UPDATE {system} SET status = 1, throttle = 0 WHERE type = 'module' AND name = '%s'", $module);
    drupal_load('module', $module);
    module_invoke($module, 'enable');
    return TRUE;
  }
  else {
    return FALSE;
  }
}

/**
 * Disable a given module and call its disable hook.
 *
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the module (without the .module extension).
 */
function module_disable($module) {
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  if (module_exists($module)) {
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    module_load_install($module);
    module_invoke($module, 'disable');
    db_query("UPDATE {system} SET status = 0, throttle = 0 WHERE type = 'module' AND name = '%s'", $module);
    return TRUE;
  }
  else {
    return FALSE;
  }
}

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/**
 * @defgroup hooks Hooks
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 * @{
 * Allow modules to interact with the Drupal core.
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 *
 * Drupal's module system is based on the concept of "hooks". A hook is a PHP
 * function that is named foo_bar(), where "foo" is the name of the module (whose
 * filename is thus foo.module) and "bar" is the name of the hook. Each hook has
 * a defined set of parameters and a specified result type.
 *
 * To extend Drupal, a module need simply implement a hook. When Drupal wishes to
 * allow intervention from modules, it determines which modules implement a hook
 * and call that hook in all enabled modules that implement it.
 *
 * The available hooks to implement are explained here in the Hooks section of
 * the developer documentation. The string "hook" is used as a placeholder for
 * the module name is the hook definitions. For example, if the module file is
 * called example.module, then hook_help() as implemented by that module would be
 * defined as example_help().
 */

/**
 * Determine whether a module implements a hook.
 *
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the module (without the .module extension).
 * @param $hook
 *   The name of the hook (e.g. "help" or "menu").
 * @return
 *   TRUE if the module is both installed and enabled, and the hook is
 *   implemented in that module.
 */
function module_hook($module, $hook) {
  return function_exists($module .'_'. $hook);
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}

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/**
 * Determine which modules are implementing a hook.
 *
 * @param $hook
 *   The name of the hook (e.g. "help" or "menu").
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 * @param $sort
 *   By default, modules are ordered by weight and filename, settings this option
 *   to TRUE, module list will be ordered by module name.
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 * @return
 *   An array with the names of the modules which are implementing this hook.
 */
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function module_implements($hook, $sort = FALSE) {
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  static $implementations;

  if (!isset($implementations[$hook])) {
    $implementations[$hook] = array();
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    $list = module_list(FALSE, TRUE, $sort);
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    foreach ($list as $module) {
      if (module_hook($module, $hook)) {
        $implementations[$hook][] = $module;
      }
    }
  }

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  // The explicit cast forces a copy to be made. This is needed because
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  // $implementations[$hook] is only a reference to an element of
  // $implementations and if there are nested foreaches (due to nested node
  // API calls, for example), they would both manipulate the same array's
  // references, which causes some modules' hooks not to be called.
  // See also http://www.zend.com/zend/art/ref-count.php.
  return (array)$implementations[$hook];
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}

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/**
 * Invoke a hook in a particular module.
 *
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the module (without the .module extension).
 * @param $hook
 *   The name of the hook to invoke.
 * @param ...
 *   Arguments to pass to the hook implementation.
 * @return
 *   The return value of the hook implementation.
 */
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function module_invoke() {
  $args = func_get_args();
  $module = array_shift($args);
  $hook = array_shift($args);
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  $function = $module .'_'. $hook;
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  if (module_hook($module, $hook)) {
    return call_user_func_array($function, $args);
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  }
}
/**
 * Invoke a hook in all enabled modules that implement it.
 *
 * @param $hook
 *   The name of the hook to invoke.
 * @param ...
 *   Arguments to pass to the hook.
 * @return
 *   An array of return values of the hook implementations. If modules return
 *   arrays from their implementations, those are merged into one array.
 */
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function module_invoke_all() {
  $args = func_get_args();
  $hook = array_shift($args);
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  $return = array();
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  foreach (module_implements($hook) as $module) {
    $function = $module .'_'. $hook;
    $result = call_user_func_array($function, $args);
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    if (isset($result) && is_array($result)) {
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      $return = array_merge($return, $result);
    }
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    else if (isset($result)) {
      $return[] = $result;
    }
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  }

  return $return;
}

/**
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 * @} End of "defgroup hooks".
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 */

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