system.api.php 166 KB
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<?php

/**
 * @file
 * Hooks provided by Drupal core and the System module.
 */

/**
 * @addtogroup hooks
 * @{
 */

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/**
 * Defines one or more hooks that are exposed by a module.
 *
 * Normally hooks do not need to be explicitly defined. However, by declaring a
 * hook explicitly, a module may define a "group" for it. Modules that implement
 * a hook may then place their implementation in either $module.module or in
 * $module.$group.inc. If the hook is located in $module.$group.inc, then that
 * file will be automatically loaded when needed.
 * In general, hooks that are rarely invoked and/or are very large should be
 * placed in a separate include file, while hooks that are very short or very
 * frequently called should be left in the main module file so that they are
 * always available.
 *
 * @return
 *   An associative array whose keys are hook names and whose values are an
 *   associative array containing:
 *   - group: A string defining the group to which the hook belongs. The module
 *     system will determine whether a file with the name $module.$group.inc
 *     exists, and automatically load it when required.
 *
 * See system_hook_info() for all hook groups defined by Drupal core.
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 *
 * @see hook_hook_info_alter().
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 */
function hook_hook_info() {
  $hooks['token_info'] = array(
    'group' => 'tokens',
  );
  $hooks['tokens'] = array(
    'group' => 'tokens',
  );
  return $hooks;
}

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/**
 * Alter information from hook_hook_info().
 *
 * @param $hooks
 *   Information gathered by module_hook_info() from other modules'
 *   implementations of hook_hook_info(). Alter this array directly.
 *   See hook_hook_info() for information on what this may contain.
 */
function hook_hook_info_alter(&$hooks) {
  // Our module wants to completely override the core tokens, so make
  // sure the core token hooks are not found.
  $hooks['token_info']['group'] = 'mytokens';
  $hooks['tokens']['group'] = 'mytokens';
}

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/**
 * Define administrative paths.
 *
 * Modules may specify whether or not the paths they define in hook_menu() are
 * to be considered administrative. Other modules may use this information to
 * display those pages differently (e.g. in a modal overlay, or in a different
 * theme).
 *
 * To change the administrative status of menu items defined in another module's
 * hook_menu(), modules should implement hook_admin_paths_alter().
 *
 * @return
 *   An associative array. For each item, the key is the path in question, in
 *   a format acceptable to drupal_match_path(). The value for each item should
 *   be TRUE (for paths considered administrative) or FALSE (for non-
 *   administrative paths).
 *
 * @see hook_menu()
 * @see drupal_match_path()
 * @see hook_admin_paths_alter()
 */
function hook_admin_paths() {
  $paths = array(
    'mymodule/*/add' => TRUE,
    'mymodule/*/edit' => TRUE,
  );
  return $paths;
}

/**
 * Redefine administrative paths defined by other modules.
 *
 * @param $paths
 *   An associative array of administrative paths, as defined by implementations
 *   of hook_admin_paths().
 *
 * @see hook_admin_paths()
 */
function hook_admin_paths_alter(&$paths) {
  // Treat all user pages as administrative.
  $paths['user'] = TRUE;
  $paths['user/*'] = TRUE;
  // Treat the forum topic node form as a non-administrative page.
  $paths['node/add/forum'] = FALSE;
}

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/**
 * Perform periodic actions.
 *
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 * Modules that require some commands to be executed periodically can
 * implement hook_cron(). The engine will then call the hook whenever a cron
 * run happens, as defined by the administrator. Typical tasks managed by
 * hook_cron() are database maintenance, backups, recalculation of settings
 * or parameters, automated mailing, and retrieving remote data.
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 *
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 * Short-running or non-resource-intensive tasks can be executed directly in
 * the hook_cron() implementation.
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 *
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 * Long-running tasks and tasks that could time out, such as retrieving remote
 * data, sending email, and intensive file tasks, should use the queue API
 * instead of executing the tasks directly. To do this, first define one or
 * more queues via hook_cron_queue_info(). Then, add items that need to be
 * processed to the defined queues.
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 */
function hook_cron() {
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  // Short-running operation example, not using a queue:
  // Delete all expired records since the last cron run.
  $expires = variable_get('mymodule_cron_last_run', REQUEST_TIME);
  db_delete('mymodule_table')
    ->condition('expires', $expires, '>=')
    ->execute();
  variable_set('mymodule_cron_last_run', REQUEST_TIME);
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  // Long-running operation example, leveraging a queue:
  // Fetch feeds from other sites.
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  $result = db_query('SELECT * FROM {aggregator_feed} WHERE checked + refresh < :time AND refresh <> :never', array(
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    ':time' => REQUEST_TIME,
    ':never' => AGGREGATOR_CLEAR_NEVER,
  ));
  $queue = DrupalQueue::get('aggregator_feeds');
  foreach ($result as $feed) {
    $queue->createItem($feed);
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  }
}

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/**
 * Declare queues holding items that need to be run periodically.
 *
 * While there can be only one hook_cron() process running at the same time,
 * there can be any number of processes defined here running. Because of
 * this, long running tasks are much better suited for this API. Items queued
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 * in hook_cron() might be processed in the same cron run if there are not many
 * items in the queue, otherwise it might take several requests, which can be
 * run in parallel.
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 *
 * @return
 *   An associative array where the key is the queue name and the value is
 *   again an associative array. Possible keys are:
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 *   - 'worker callback': The name of the function to call. It will be called
 *     with one argument, the item created via DrupalQueue::createItem() in
 *     hook_cron().
 *   - 'time': (optional) How much time Drupal should spend on calling this
 *     worker in seconds. Defaults to 15.
 *
 * @see hook_cron()
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 * @see hook_cron_queue_info_alter()
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 */
function hook_cron_queue_info() {
  $queues['aggregator_feeds'] = array(
    'worker callback' => 'aggregator_refresh',
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    'time' => 60,
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  );
  return $queues;
}

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/**
 * Alter cron queue information before cron runs.
 *
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 * Called by drupal_cron_run() to allow modules to alter cron queue settings
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 * before any jobs are processesed.
 *
 * @param array $queues
 *   An array of cron queue information.
 *
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 * @see hook_cron_queue_info()
 * @see drupal_cron_run()
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 */
function hook_cron_queue_info_alter(&$queues) {
  // This site has many feeds so let's spend 90 seconds on each cron run
  // updating feeds instead of the default 60.
  $queues['aggregator_feeds']['time'] = 90;
}

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/**
 * Allows modules to declare their own Forms API element types and specify their
 * default values.
 *
 * This hook allows modules to declare their own form element types and to
 * specify their default values. The values returned by this hook will be
 * merged with the elements returned by hook_form() implementations and so
 * can return defaults for any Form APIs keys in addition to those explicitly
 * mentioned below.
 *
 * Each of the form element types defined by this hook is assumed to have
 * a matching theme function, e.g. theme_elementtype(), which should be
 * registered with hook_theme() as normal.
 *
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 * For more information about custom element types see the explanation at
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 * http://drupal.org/node/169815.
 *
 * @return
 *  An associative array describing the element types being defined. The array
 *  contains a sub-array for each element type, with the machine-readable type
 *  name as the key. Each sub-array has a number of possible attributes:
 *  - "#input": boolean indicating whether or not this element carries a value
 *    (even if it's hidden).
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 *  - "#process": array of callback functions taking $element, $form_state,
 *    and $complete_form.
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 *  - "#after_build": array of callback functions taking $element and $form_state.
 *  - "#validate": array of callback functions taking $form and $form_state.
 *  - "#element_validate": array of callback functions taking $element and
 *    $form_state.
 *  - "#pre_render": array of callback functions taking $element and $form_state.
 *  - "#post_render": array of callback functions taking $element and $form_state.
 *  - "#submit": array of callback functions taking $form and $form_state.
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 *  - "#title_display": optional string indicating if and how #title should be
 *    displayed, see theme_form_element() and theme_form_element_label().
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 *
 * @see hook_element_info_alter()
 * @see system_element_info()
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 */
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function hook_element_info() {
  $types['filter_format'] = array(
    '#input' => TRUE,
  );
  return $types;
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}

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/**
 * Alter the element type information returned from modules.
 *
 * A module may implement this hook in order to alter the element type defaults
 * defined by a module.
 *
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 * @param $type
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 *   All element type defaults as collected by hook_element_info().
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 *
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 * @see hook_element_info()
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 */
function hook_element_info_alter(&$type) {
  // Decrease the default size of textfields.
  if (isset($type['textfield']['#size'])) {
    $type['textfield']['#size'] = 40;
  }
}

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/**
 * Perform cleanup tasks.
 *
 * This hook is run at the end of each page request. It is often used for
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 * page logging and specialized cleanup. This hook MUST NOT print anything.
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 *
 * Only use this hook if your code must run even for cached page views.
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 * If you have code which must run once on all non-cached pages, use
 * hook_init() instead. That is the usual case. If you implement this hook
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 * and see an error like 'Call to undefined function', it is likely that
 * you are depending on the presence of a module which has not been loaded yet.
 * It is not loaded because Drupal is still in bootstrap mode.
 *
 * @param $destination
 *   If this hook is invoked as part of a drupal_goto() call, then this argument
 *   will be a fully-qualified URL that is the destination of the redirect.
 */
function hook_exit($destination = NULL) {
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  db_update('counter')
    ->expression('hits', 'hits + 1')
    ->condition('type', 1)
    ->execute();
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}

/**
 * Perform necessary alterations to the JavaScript before it is presented on
 * the page.
 *
 * @param $javascript
 *   An array of all JavaScript being presented on the page.
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 *
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 * @see drupal_add_js()
 * @see drupal_get_js()
 * @see drupal_js_defaults()
 */
function hook_js_alter(&$javascript) {
  // Swap out jQuery to use an updated version of the library.
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  $javascript['core/misc/jquery.js']['data'] = drupal_get_path('module', 'jquery_update') . '/jquery.js';
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}

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/**
 * Registers JavaScript/CSS libraries associated with a module.
 *
 * Modules implementing this return an array of arrays. The key to each
 * sub-array is the machine readable name of the library. Each library may
 * contain the following items:
 *
 * - 'title': The human readable name of the library.
 * - 'website': The URL of the library's web site.
 * - 'version': A string specifying the version of the library; intentionally
 *   not a float because a version like "1.2.3" is not a valid float. Use PHP's
 *   version_compare() to compare different versions.
 * - 'js': An array of JavaScript elements; each element's key is used as $data
 *   argument, each element's value is used as $options array for
 *   drupal_add_js(). To add library-specific (not module-specific) JavaScript
 *   settings, the key may be skipped, the value must specify
 *   'type' => 'setting', and the actual settings must be contained in a 'data'
 *   element of the value.
 * - 'css': Like 'js', an array of CSS elements passed to drupal_add_css().
 * - 'dependencies': An array of libraries that are required for a library. Each
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 *   element is an array listing the module and name of another library. Note
 *   that all dependencies for each dependent library will also be added when
 *   this library is added.
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 *
 * Registered information for a library should contain re-usable data only.
 * Module- or implementation-specific data and integration logic should be added
 * separately.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array defining libraries associated with a module.
 *
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 * @see system_library_info()
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 * @see drupal_add_library()
 * @see drupal_get_library()
 */
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function hook_library_info() {
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  // Library One.
  $libraries['library-1'] = array(
    'title' => 'Library One',
    'website' => 'http://example.com/library-1',
    'version' => '1.2',
    'js' => array(
      drupal_get_path('module', 'my_module') . '/library-1.js' => array(),
    ),
    'css' => array(
      drupal_get_path('module', 'my_module') . '/library-2.css' => array(
        'type' => 'file',
        'media' => 'screen',
      ),
    ),
  );
  // Library Two.
  $libraries['library-2'] = array(
    'title' => 'Library Two',
    'website' => 'http://example.com/library-2',
    'version' => '3.1-beta1',
    'js' => array(
      // JavaScript settings may use the 'data' key.
      array(
        'type' => 'setting',
        'data' => array('library2' => TRUE),
      ),
    ),
    'dependencies' => array(
      // Require jQuery UI core by System module.
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      array('system', 'ui'),
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      // Require our other library.
      array('my_module', 'library-1'),
      // Require another library.
      array('other_module', 'library-3'),
    ),
  );
  return $libraries;
}

/**
 * Alters the JavaScript/CSS library registry.
 *
 * Allows certain, contributed modules to update libraries to newer versions
 * while ensuring backwards compatibility. In general, such manipulations should
 * only be done by designated modules, since most modules that integrate with a
 * certain library also depend on the API of a certain library version.
 *
 * @param $libraries
 *   The JavaScript/CSS libraries provided by $module. Keyed by internal library
 *   name and passed by reference.
 * @param $module
 *   The name of the module that registered the libraries.
 *
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 * @see hook_library_info()
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 */
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function hook_library_info_alter(&$libraries, $module) {
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  // Update Farbtastic to version 2.0.
  if ($module == 'system' && isset($libraries['farbtastic'])) {
    // Verify existing version is older than the one we are updating to.
    if (version_compare($libraries['farbtastic']['version'], '2.0', '<')) {
      // Update the existing Farbtastic to version 2.0.
      $libraries['farbtastic']['version'] = '2.0';
      $libraries['farbtastic']['js'] = array(
        drupal_get_path('module', 'farbtastic_update') . '/farbtastic-2.0.js' => array(),
      );
    }
  }
}

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/**
 * Alter CSS files before they are output on the page.
 *
 * @param $css
 *   An array of all CSS items (files and inline CSS) being requested on the page.
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 *
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 * @see drupal_add_css()
 * @see drupal_get_css()
 */
function hook_css_alter(&$css) {
  // Remove defaults.css file.
  unset($css[drupal_get_path('module', 'system') . '/defaults.css']);
}

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/**
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 * Alter the commands that are sent to the user through the Ajax framework.
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 *
 * @param $commands
 *   An array of all commands that will be sent to the user.
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 *
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 * @see ajax_render()
 */
function hook_ajax_render_alter($commands) {
  // Inject any new status messages into the content area.
  $commands[] = ajax_command_prepend('#block-system-main .content', theme('status_messages'));
}

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/**
 * Add elements to a page before it is rendered.
 *
 * Use this hook when you want to add elements at the page level. For your
 * additions to be printed, they have to be placed below a top level array key
 * of the $page array that has the name of a region of the active theme.
 *
 * By default, valid region keys are 'page_top', 'header', 'sidebar_first',
 * 'content', 'sidebar_second' and 'page_bottom'. To get a list of all regions
 * of the active theme, use system_region_list($theme). Note that $theme is a
 * global variable.
 *
 * If you want to alter the elements added by other modules or if your module
 * depends on the elements of other modules, use hook_page_alter() instead which
 * runs after this hook.
 *
 * @param $page
 *   Nested array of renderable elements that make up the page.
 *
 * @see hook_page_alter()
 * @see drupal_render_page()
 */
function hook_page_build(&$page) {
  if (menu_get_object('node', 1)) {
    // We are on a node detail page. Append a standard disclaimer to the
    // content region.
    $page['content']['disclaimer'] = array(
      '#markup' => t('Acme, Inc. is not responsible for the contents of this sample code.'),
      '#weight' => 25,
    );
  }
}

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/**
 * Alter a menu router item right after it has been retrieved from the database or cache.
 *
 * This hook is invoked by menu_get_item() and allows for run-time alteration of router
 * information (page_callback, title, and so on) before it is translated and checked for
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 * access. The passed-in $router_item is statically cached for the current request, so this
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 * hook is only invoked once for any router item that is retrieved via menu_get_item().
 *
 * Usually, modules will only want to inspect the router item and conditionally
 * perform other actions (such as preparing a state for the current request).
 * Note that this hook is invoked for any router item that is retrieved by
 * menu_get_item(), which may or may not be called on the path itself, so implementations
 * should check the $path parameter if the alteration should fire for the current request
 * only.
 *
 * @param $router_item
 *   The menu router item for $path.
 * @param $path
 *   The originally passed path, for which $router_item is responsible.
 * @param $original_map
 *   The path argument map, as contained in $path.
 *
 * @see menu_get_item()
 */
function hook_menu_get_item_alter(&$router_item, $path, $original_map) {
  // When retrieving the router item for the current path...
  if ($path == $_GET['q']) {
    // ...call a function that prepares something for this request.
    mymodule_prepare_something();
  }
}

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/**
 * Define menu items and page callbacks.
 *
 * This hook enables modules to register paths in order to define how URL
 * requests are handled. Paths may be registered for URL handling only, or they
 * can register a link to be placed in a menu (usually the Navigation menu). A
 * path and its associated information is commonly called a "menu router item".
 * This hook is rarely called (for example, when modules are enabled), and
 * its results are cached in the database.
 *
 * hook_menu() implementations return an associative array whose keys define
 * paths and whose values are an associative array of properties for each
 * path. (The complete list of properties is in the return value section below.)
 *
 * The definition for each path may include a page callback function, which is
 * invoked when the registered path is requested. If there is no other
 * registered path that fits the requested path better, any further path
 * components are passed to the callback function. For example, your module
 * could register path 'abc/def':
 * @code
 *   function mymodule_menu() {
 *     $items['abc/def'] = array(
 *       'page callback' => 'mymodule_abc_view',
 *     );
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 *     return $items;
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 *   }
 *
 *   function mymodule_abc_view($ghi = 0, $jkl = '') {
 *     // ...
 *   }
 * @endcode
 * When path 'abc/def' is requested, no further path components are in the
 * request, and no additional arguments are passed to the callback function (so
 * $ghi and $jkl would take the default values as defined in the function
 * signature). When 'abc/def/123/foo' is requested, $ghi will be '123' and
 * $jkl will be 'foo'. Note that this automatic passing of optional path
 * arguments applies only to page and theme callback functions.
 *
 * In addition to optional path arguments, the page callback and other callback
 * functions may specify argument lists as arrays. These argument lists may
 * contain both fixed/hard-coded argument values and integers that correspond
 * to path components. When integers are used and the callback function is
 * called, the corresponding path components will be substituted for the
 * integers. That is, the integer 0 in an argument list will be replaced with
 * the first path component, integer 1 with the second, and so on (path
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 * components are numbered starting from zero). To pass an integer without it
 * being replaced with its respective path component, use the string value of
 * the integer (e.g., '1') as the argument value. This substitution feature
 * allows you to re-use a callback function for several different paths. For
 * example:
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 * @code
 *   function mymodule_menu() {
 *     $items['abc/def'] = array(
 *       'page callback' => 'mymodule_abc_view',
 *       'page arguments' => array(1, 'foo'),
 *     );
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 *     return $items;
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 *   }
 * @endcode
 * When path 'abc/def' is requested, the page callback function will get 'def'
 * as the first argument and (always) 'foo' as the second argument.
 *
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 * If a page callback function uses an argument list array, and its path is
 * requested with optional path arguments, then the list array's arguments are
 * passed to the callback function first, followed by the optional path
 * arguments. Using the above example, when path 'abc/def/bar/baz' is requested,
 * mymodule_abc_view() will be called with 'def', 'foo', 'bar' and 'baz' as
 * arguments, in that order.
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 *
 * Special care should be taken for the page callback drupal_get_form(), because
 * your specific form callback function will always receive $form and
 * &$form_state as the first function arguments:
 * @code
 *   function mymodule_abc_form($form, &$form_state) {
 *     // ...
 *     return $form;
 *   }
 * @endcode
 * See @link form_api Form API documentation @endlink for details.
 *
 * Wildcards within paths also work with integer substitution. For example,
 * your module could register path 'my-module/%/edit':
 * @code
 *   $items['my-module/%/edit'] = array(
 *     'page callback' => 'mymodule_abc_edit',
 *     'page arguments' => array(1),
 *   );
 * @endcode
 * When path 'my-module/foo/edit' is requested, integer 1 will be replaced
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 * with 'foo' and passed to the callback function. Note that wildcards may not
 * be used as the first component.
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 *
 * Registered paths may also contain special "auto-loader" wildcard components
 * in the form of '%mymodule_abc', where the '%' part means that this path
 * component is a wildcard, and the 'mymodule_abc' part defines the prefix for a
 * load function, which here would be named mymodule_abc_load(). When a matching
 * path is requested, your load function will receive as its first argument the
 * path component in the position of the wildcard; load functions may also be
 * passed additional arguments (see "load arguments" in the return value
 * section below). For example, your module could register path
 * 'my-module/%mymodule_abc/edit':
 * @code
 *   $items['my-module/%mymodule_abc/edit'] = array(
 *     'page callback' => 'mymodule_abc_edit',
 *     'page arguments' => array(1),
 *   );
 * @endcode
 * When path 'my-module/123/edit' is requested, your load function
 * mymodule_abc_load() will be invoked with the argument '123', and should
 * load and return an "abc" object with internal id 123:
 * @code
 *   function mymodule_abc_load($abc_id) {
 *     return db_query("SELECT * FROM {mymodule_abc} WHERE abc_id = :abc_id", array(':abc_id' => $abc_id))->fetchObject();
 *   }
 * @endcode
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 * This 'abc' object will then be passed into the callback functions defined
 * for the menu item, such as the page callback function mymodule_abc_edit()
 * to replace the integer 1 in the argument array.
 *
 * You can also define a %wildcard_to_arg() function (for the example menu
 * entry above this would be 'mymodule_abc_to_arg()'). The _to_arg() function
 * is invoked to retrieve a value that is used in the path in place of the
 * wildcard. A good example is user.module, which defines
 * user_uid_optional_to_arg() (corresponding to the menu entry
 * 'user/%user_uid_optional'). This function returns the user ID of the
 * current user.
 *
 * The _to_arg() function will get called with three arguments:
 * - $arg: A string representing whatever argument may have been supplied by
 *   the caller (this is particularly useful if you want the _to_arg()
 *   function only supply a (default) value if no other value is specified,
 *   as in the case of user_uid_optional_to_arg().
 * - $map: An array of all path fragments (e.g. array('node','123','edit') for
 *   'node/123/edit').
 * - $index: An integer indicating which element of $map corresponds to $arg.
 *
 * _load() and _to_arg() functions may seem similar at first glance, but they
 * have different purposes and are called at different times. _load()
 * functions are called when the menu system is collecting arguments to pass
 * to the callback functions defined for the menu item. _to_arg() functions
 * are called when the menu system is generating links to related paths, such
 * as the tabs for a set of MENU_LOCAL_TASK items.
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 *
 * You can also make groups of menu items to be rendered (by default) as tabs
 * on a page. To do that, first create one menu item of type MENU_NORMAL_ITEM,
 * with your chosen path, such as 'foo'. Then duplicate that menu item, using a
 * subdirectory path, such as 'foo/tab1', and changing the type to
 * MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK to make it the default tab for the group. Then add
 * the additional tab items, with paths such as "foo/tab2" etc., with type
 * MENU_LOCAL_TASK. Example:
 * @code
 * // Make "Foo settings" appear on the admin Config page
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 * $items['admin/config/system/foo'] = array(
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 *   'title' => 'Foo settings',
 *   'type' => MENU_NORMAL_ITEM,
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 *   // Page callback, etc. need to be added here.
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 * );
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 * // Make "Tab 1" the main tab on the "Foo settings" page
 * $items['admin/config/system/foo/tab1'] = array(
 *   'title' => 'Tab 1',
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 *   'type' => MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK,
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 *   // Access callback, page callback, and theme callback will be inherited
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 *   // from 'admin/config/system/foo', if not specified here to override.
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 * );
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 * // Make an additional tab called "Tab 2" on "Foo settings"
 * $items['admin/config/system/foo/tab2'] = array(
 *   'title' => 'Tab 2',
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 *   'type' => MENU_LOCAL_TASK,
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 *   // Page callback and theme callback will be inherited from
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 *   // 'admin/config/system/foo', if not specified here to override.
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 *   // Need to add access callback or access arguments.
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 * );
 * @endcode
 *
 * @return
 *   An array of menu items. Each menu item has a key corresponding to the
 *   Drupal path being registered. The corresponding array value is an
 *   associative array that may contain the following key-value pairs:
 *   - "title": Required. The untranslated title of the menu item.
 *   - "title callback": Function to generate the title; defaults to t().
 *     If you require only the raw string to be output, set this to FALSE.
 *   - "title arguments": Arguments to send to t() or your custom callback,
 *     with path component substitution as described above.
 *   - "description": The untranslated description of the menu item.
 *   - "page callback": The function to call to display a web page when the user
 *     visits the path. If omitted, the parent menu item's callback will be used
 *     instead.
 *   - "page arguments": An array of arguments to pass to the page callback
 *     function, with path component substitution as described above.
 *   - "delivery callback": The function to call to package the result of the
 *     page callback function and send it to the browser. Defaults to
 *     drupal_deliver_html_page() unless a value is inherited from a parent menu
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 *     item. Note that this function is called even if the access checks fail,
 *     so any custom delivery callback function should take that into account.
 *     See drupal_deliver_html_page() for an example.
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 *   - "access callback": A function returning TRUE if the user has access
 *     rights to this menu item, and FALSE if not. It can also be a boolean
 *     constant instead of a function, and you can also use numeric values
 *     (will be cast to boolean). Defaults to user_access() unless a value is
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 *     inherited from the parent menu item; only MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK items
 *     can inherit access callbacks. To use the user_access() default callback,
 *     you must specify the permission to check as 'access arguments' (see
 *     below).
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 *   - "access arguments": An array of arguments to pass to the access callback
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 *     function, with path component substitution as described above. If the
 *     access callback is inherited (see above), the access arguments will be
 *     inherited with it, unless overridden in the child menu item.
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 *   - "theme callback": (optional) A function returning the machine-readable
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 *     name of the theme that will be used to render the page. If not provided,
 *     the value will be inherited from a parent menu item. If there is no
 *     theme callback, or if the function does not return the name of a current
 *     active theme on the site, the theme for this page will be determined by
 *     either hook_custom_theme() or the default theme instead. As a general
 *     rule, the use of theme callback functions should be limited to pages
 *     whose functionality is very closely tied to a particular theme, since
 *     they can only be overridden by modules which specifically target those
 *     pages in hook_menu_alter(). Modules implementing more generic theme
 *     switching functionality (for example, a module which allows the theme to
 *     be set dynamically based on the current user's role) should use
 *     hook_custom_theme() instead.
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 *   - "theme arguments": An array of arguments to pass to the theme callback
 *     function, with path component substitution as described above.
 *   - "file": A file that will be included before the page callback is called;
 *     this allows page callback functions to be in separate files. The file
 *     should be relative to the implementing module's directory unless
 *     otherwise specified by the "file path" option. Does not apply to other
 *     callbacks (only page callback).
 *   - "file path": The path to the directory containing the file specified in
 *     "file". This defaults to the path to the module implementing the hook.
 *   - "load arguments": An array of arguments to be passed to each of the
 *     wildcard object loaders in the path, after the path argument itself.
 *     For example, if a module registers path node/%node/revisions/%/view
 *     with load arguments set to array(3), the '%node' in the path indicates
 *     that the loader function node_load() will be called with the second
 *     path component as the first argument. The 3 in the load arguments
 *     indicates that the fourth path component will also be passed to
 *     node_load() (numbering of path components starts at zero). So, if path
 *     node/12/revisions/29/view is requested, node_load(12, 29) will be called.
 *     There are also two "magic" values that can be used in load arguments.
 *     "%index" indicates the index of the wildcard path component. "%map"
 *     indicates the path components as an array. For example, if a module
 *     registers for several paths of the form 'user/%user_category/edit/*', all
 *     of them can use the same load function user_category_load(), by setting
 *     the load arguments to array('%map', '%index'). For instance, if the user
 *     is editing category 'foo' by requesting path 'user/32/edit/foo', the load
 *     function user_category_load() will be called with 32 as its first
 *     argument, the array ('user', 32, 'edit', 'foo') as the map argument,
 *     and 1 as the index argument (because %user_category is the second path
 *     component and numbering starts at zero). user_category_load() can then
 *     use these values to extract the information that 'foo' is the category
 *     being requested.
 *   - "weight": An integer that determines the relative position of items in
 *     the menu; higher-weighted items sink. Defaults to 0. Menu items with the
 *     same weight are ordered alphabetically.
 *   - "menu_name": Optional. Set this to a custom menu if you don't want your
 *     item to be placed in Navigation.
 *   - "context": (optional) Defines the context a tab may appear in. By
 *     default, all tabs are only displayed as local tasks when being rendered
 *     in a page context. All tabs that should be accessible as contextual links
 *     in page region containers outside of the parent menu item's primary page
 *     context should be registered using one of the following contexts:
 *     - MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE: (default) The tab is displayed as local task for the
 *       page context only.
 *     - MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE: The tab is displayed as contextual link outside of
 *       the primary page context only.
 *     Contexts can be combined. For example, to display a tab both on a page
 *     and inline, a menu router item may specify:
 *     @code
 *       'context' => MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE | MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE,
 *     @endcode
 *   - "tab_parent": For local task menu items, the path of the task's parent
 *     item; defaults to the same path without the last component (e.g., the
 *     default parent for 'admin/people/create' is 'admin/people').
 *   - "tab_root": For local task menu items, the path of the closest non-tab
 *     item; same default as "tab_parent".
 *   - "position": Position of the block ('left' or 'right') on the system
 *     administration page for this item.
 *   - "type": A bitmask of flags describing properties of the menu item.
 *     Many shortcut bitmasks are provided as constants in menu.inc:
 *     - MENU_NORMAL_ITEM: Normal menu items show up in the menu tree and can be
 *       moved/hidden by the administrator.
 *     - MENU_CALLBACK: Callbacks simply register a path so that the correct
 *       information is generated when the path is accessed.
 *     - MENU_SUGGESTED_ITEM: Modules may "suggest" menu items that the
 *       administrator may enable.
 *     - MENU_LOCAL_ACTION: Local actions are menu items that describe actions
 *       on the parent item such as adding a new user or block, and are
 *       rendered in the action-links list in your theme.
 *     - MENU_LOCAL_TASK: Local tasks are menu items that describe different
 *       displays of data, and are generally rendered as tabs.
 *     - MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK: Every set of local tasks should provide one
 *       "default" task, which should display the same page as the parent item.
 *     If the "type" element is omitted, MENU_NORMAL_ITEM is assumed.
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 *   - "options": An array of options to be passed to l() when generating a link
 *     from this menu item.
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 *
 * For a detailed usage example, see page_example.module.
 * For comprehensive documentation on the menu system, see
 * http://drupal.org/node/102338.
 */
function hook_menu() {
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  $items['example'] = array(
    'title' => 'Example Page',
    'page callback' => 'example_page',
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    'access arguments' => array('access content'),
    'type' => MENU_SUGGESTED_ITEM,
  );
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  $items['example/feed'] = array(
    'title' => 'Example RSS feed',
    'page callback' => 'example_feed',
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    'access arguments' => array('access content'),
    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
  );

  return $items;
}

/**
 * Alter the data being saved to the {menu_router} table after hook_menu is invoked.
 *
 * This hook is invoked by menu_router_build(). The menu definitions are passed
 * in by reference. Each element of the $items array is one item returned
 * by a module from hook_menu. Additional items may be added, or existing items
 * altered.
 *
 * @param $items
 *   Associative array of menu router definitions returned from hook_menu().
 */
function hook_menu_alter(&$items) {
  // Example - disable the page at node/add
  $items['node/add']['access callback'] = FALSE;
}

/**
 * Alter the data being saved to the {menu_links} table by menu_link_save().
 *
 * @param $item
 *   Associative array defining a menu link as passed into menu_link_save().
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 *
 * @see hook_translated_menu_link_alter()
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 */
function hook_menu_link_alter(&$item) {
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  // Make all new admin links hidden (a.k.a disabled).
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  if (strpos($item['link_path'], 'admin') === 0 && empty($item['mlid'])) {
    $item['hidden'] = 1;
  }
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  // Flag a link to be altered by hook_translated_menu_link_alter().
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  if ($item['link_path'] == 'devel/cache/clear') {
    $item['options']['alter'] = TRUE;
  }
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  // Flag a link to be altered by hook_translated_menu_link_alter(), but only
  // if it is derived from a menu router item; i.e., do not alter a custom
  // menu link pointing to the same path that has been created by a user.
  if ($item['link_path'] == 'user' && $item['module'] == 'system') {
    $item['options']['alter'] = TRUE;
  }
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}

/**
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 * Alter a menu link after it has been translated and before it is rendered.
 *
 * This hook is invoked from _menu_link_translate() after a menu link has been
 * translated; i.e., after dynamic path argument placeholders (%) have been
 * replaced with actual values, the user access to the link's target page has
 * been checked, and the link has been localized. It is only invoked if
 * $item['options']['alter'] has been set to a non-empty value (e.g., TRUE).
 * This flag should be set using hook_menu_link_alter().
 *
 * Implementations of this hook are able to alter any property of the menu link.
 * For example, this hook may be used to add a page-specific query string to all
 * menu links, or hide a certain link by setting:
 * @code
 *   'hidden' => 1,
 * @endcode
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 *
 * @param $item
 *   Associative array defining a menu link after _menu_link_translate()
 * @param $map
 *   Associative array containing the menu $map (path parts and/or objects).
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 *
 * @see hook_menu_link_alter()
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 */
function hook_translated_menu_link_alter(&$item, $map) {
  if ($item['href'] == 'devel/cache/clear') {
    $item['localized_options']['query'] = drupal_get_destination();
  }
}

/**
 * Inform modules that a menu link has been created.
 *
 * This hook is used to notify modules that menu items have been
 * created. Contributed modules may use the information to perform
 * actions based on the information entered into the menu system.
 *
 * @param $link
 *   Associative array defining a menu link as passed into menu_link_save().
 *
 * @see hook_menu_link_update()
 * @see hook_menu_link_delete()
 */
function hook_menu_link_insert($link) {
  // In our sample case, we track menu items as editing sections
  // of the site. These are stored in our table as 'disabled' items.
  $record['mlid'] = $link['mlid'];
  $record['menu_name'] = $link['menu_name'];
  $record['status'] = 0;
  drupal_write_record('menu_example', $record);
}

/**
 * Inform modules that a menu link has been updated.
 *
 * This hook is used to notify modules that menu items have been
 * updated. Contributed modules may use the information to perform
 * actions based on the information entered into the menu system.
 *
 * @param $link
 *   Associative array defining a menu link as passed into menu_link_save().
 *
 * @see hook_menu_link_insert()
 * @see hook_menu_link_delete()
 */
function hook_menu_link_update($link) {
  // If the parent menu has changed, update our record.
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  $menu_name = db_query("SELECT menu_name FROM {menu_example} WHERE mlid = :mlid", array(':mlid' => $link['mlid']))->fetchField();
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  if ($menu_name != $link['menu_name']) {
    db_update('menu_example')
      ->fields(array('menu_name' => $link['menu_name']))
      ->condition('mlid', $link['mlid'])
      ->execute();
  }
}

/**
 * Inform modules that a menu link has been deleted.
 *
 * This hook is used to notify modules that menu items have been
 * deleted. Contributed modules may use the information to perform
 * actions based on the information entered into the menu system.
 *
 * @param $link
 *   Associative array defining a menu link as passed into menu_link_save().
 *
 * @see hook_menu_link_insert()
 * @see hook_menu_link_update()
 */
function hook_menu_link_delete($link) {
  // Delete the record from our table.
  db_delete('menu_example')
    ->condition('mlid', $link['mlid'])
    ->execute();
}

/**
 * Alter tabs and actions displayed on the page before they are rendered.
 *
 * This hook is invoked by menu_local_tasks(). The system-determined tabs and
 * actions are passed in by reference. Additional tabs or actions may be added,
 * or existing items altered.
 *
 * Each tab or action is an associative array containing:
 * - #theme: The theme function to use to render.
 * - #link: An associative array containing:
 *   - title: The localized title of the link.
 *   - href: The system path to link to.
 *   - localized_options: An array of options to pass to url().
 * - #active: Whether the link should be marked as 'active'.
 *
 * @param $data
 *   An associative array containing:
 *   - actions: An associative array containing:
 *     - count: The amount of actions determined by the menu system, which can
 *       be ignored.
 *     - output: A list of of actions, each one being an associative array
 *       as described above.
 *   - tabs: An indexed array (list) of tab levels (up to 2 levels), each
 *     containing an associative array:
 *     - count: The amount of tabs determined by the menu system. This value
 *       does not need to be altered if there is more than one tab.
 *     - output: A list of of tabs, each one being an associative array as
 *       described above.
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 * @param $router_item
 *   The menu system router item of the page.
 * @param $root_path
 *   The path to the root item for this set of tabs.
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 */
function hook_menu_local_tasks_alter(&$data, $router_item, $root_path) {
  // Add an action linking to node/add to all pages.
  $data['actions']['output'][] = array(
    '#theme' => 'menu_local_task',
    '#link' => array(
      'title' => t('Add new content'),
      'href' => 'node/add',
      'localized_options' => array(
        'attributes' => array(
          'title' => t('Add new content'),
        ),
      ),
    ),
  );

  // Add a tab linking to node/add to all pages.
  $data['tabs'][0]['output'][] = array(
    '#theme' => 'menu_local_task',
    '#link' => array(
      'title' => t('Example tab'),
      'href' => 'node/add',
      'localized_options' => array(
        'attributes' => array(
          'title' => t('Add new content'),
        ),
      ),
    ),
    // Define whether this link is active. This can be omitted for
    // implementations that add links to pages outside of the current page
    // context.
    '#active' => ($router_item['path'] == $root_path),
  );
}

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/**
 * Alter links in the active trail before it is rendered as the breadcrumb.
 *
 * This hook is invoked by menu_get_active_breadcrumb() and allows alteration
 * of the breadcrumb links for the current page, which may be preferred instead
 * of setting a custom breadcrumb via drupal_set_breadcrumb().
 *
 * Implementations should take into account that menu_get_active_breadcrumb()
 * subsequently performs the following adjustments to the active trail *after*
 * this hook has been invoked:
 * - The last link in $active_trail is removed, if its 'href' is identical to
 *   the 'href' of $item. This happens, because the breadcrumb normally does
 *   not contain a link to the current page.
 * - The (second to) last link in $active_trail is removed, if the current $item
 *   is a MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK. This happens in order to do not show a link
 *   to the current page, when being on the path for the default local task;
 *   e.g. when being on the path node/%/view, the breadcrumb should not contain
 *   a link to node/%.
 *
 * Each link in the active trail must contain:
 * - title: The localized title of the link.
 * - href: The system path to link to.
 * - localized_options: An array of options to pass to url().
 *
 * @param $active_trail
 *   An array containing breadcrumb links for the current page.
 * @param $item
 *   The menu router item of the current page.
 *
 * @see drupal_set_breadcrumb()
 * @see menu_get_active_breadcrumb()
 * @see menu_get_active_trail()
 * @see menu_set_active_trail()
 */
function hook_menu_breadcrumb_alter(&$active_trail, $item) {
  // Always display a link to the current page by duplicating the last link in
  // the active trail. This means that menu_get_active_breadcrumb() will remove
  // the last link (for the current page), but since it is added once more here,
  // it will appear.
  if (!drupal_is_front_page()) {
    $end = end($active_trail);
    if ($item['href'] == $end['href']) {
      $active_trail[] = $end;
    }
  }
}

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/**
 * Alter contextual links before they are rendered.
 *
 * This hook is invoked by menu_contextual_links(). The system-determined
 * contextual links are passed in by reference. Additional links may be added
 * or existing links can be altered.
 *
 * Each contextual link must at least contain:
 * - title: The localized title of the link.
 * - href: The system path to link to.
 * - localized_options: An array of options to pass to url().
 *
 * @param $links
 *   An associative array containing contextual links for the given $root_path,
 *   as described above. The array keys are used to build CSS class names for
 *   contextual links and must therefore be unique for each set of contextual
 *   links.
 * @param $router_item
 *   The menu router item belonging to the $root_path being requested.
 * @param $root_path
 *   The (parent) path that has been requested to build contextual links for.
 *   This is a normalized path, which means that an originally passed path of
 *   'node/123' became 'node/%'.
 *
1087
 * @see hook_contextual_links_view_alter()
1088
1089
 * @see menu_contextual_links()
 * @see hook_menu()
1090
 * @see contextual_preprocess()
1091
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1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
 */
function hook_menu_contextual_links_alter(&$links, $router_item, $root_path) {
  // Add a link to all contextual links for nodes.
  if ($root_path == 'node/%') {
    $links['foo'] = array(
      'title' => t('Do fu'),
      'href' => 'foo/do',
      'localized_options' => array(
        'query' => array(
          'foo' => 'bar',
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

1107
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/**
 * Perform alterations before a page is rendered.
 *
1110
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1112
1113
1114
 * Use this hook when you want to remove or alter elements at the page
 * level, or add elements at the page level that depend on an other module's
 * elements (this hook runs after hook_page_build().
 *
 * If you are making changes to entities such as forms, menus, or user
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
 * profiles, use those objects' native alter hooks instead (hook_form_alter(),
 * for example).
 *
 * The $page array contains top level elements for each block region:
 * @code
1120
 *   $page['page_top']
1121
 *   $page['header']
1122
 *   $page['sidebar_first']
1123
 *   $page['content']
1124
 *   $page['sidebar_second']
1125
 *   $page['page_bottom']
1126
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1128
1129
1130
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1132
 * @endcode
 *
 * The 'content' element contains the main content of the current page, and its
 * structure will vary depending on what module is responsible for building the
 * page. Some legacy modules may not return structured content at all: their
 * pre-rendered markup will be located in $page['content']['main']['#markup'].
 *
1133
 * Pages built by Drupal's core Node module use a standard structure:
1134
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1136
 *
 * @code
 *   // Node body.
1137
 *   $page['content']['system_main']['nodes'][$nid]['body']
1138
 *   // Array of links attached to the node (add comments, read more).
1139
 *   $page['content']['system_main']['nodes'][$nid]['links']
1140
 *   // The node object itself.
1141
 *   $page['content']['system_main']['nodes'][$nid]['#node']
1142
 *   // The results pager.
1143
 *   $page['content']['system_main']['pager']
1144
 * @endcode
1145
1146
1147
 *
 * Blocks may be referenced by their module/delta pair within a region:
 * @code
1148
 *   // The login block in the first sidebar region.
1149
 *   $page['sidebar_first']['user_login']['#block'];
1150
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1154
 * @endcode
 *
 * @param $page
 *   Nested array of renderable elements that make up the page.
 *
1155
 * @see hook_page_build()
1156
1157
 * @see drupal_render_page()
 */
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function hook_page_alter(&$page) {
  // Add help text to the user login block.
  $page['sidebar_first']['user_login']['help'] = array(
    '#weight' => -10,
    '#markup' => t('To post comments or add new content, you first have to log in.'),
  );
1164
1165
}

1166
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1169
/**
 * Perform alterations before a form is rendered.
 *
 * One popular use of this hook is to add form elements to the node form. When
1170
 * altering a node form, the node object can be accessed at $form['#node'].
1171
 *
1172
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1177
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1186
 * In addition to hook_form_alter(), which is called for all forms, there are
 * two more specific form hooks available. The first,
 * hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter(), allows targeting of a form/forms via a base
 * form (if one exists). The second, hook_form_FORM_ID_alter(), can be used to
 * target a specific form directly.
 *
 * The call order is as follows: all existing form alter functions are called
 * for module A, then all for module B, etc., followed by all for any base
 * theme(s), and finally for the theme itself. The module order is determined
 * by system weight, then by module name.
 *
 * Within each module, form alter hooks are called in the following order:
 * first, hook_form_alter(); second, hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter(); third,
 * hook_form_FORM_ID_alter(). So, for each module, the more general hooks are
 * called first followed by the more specific.
1187
 *
1188
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 * @param $form
 *   Nested array of form elements that comprise the form.
 * @param $form_state
1191
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 *   A keyed array containing the current state of the form. The arguments
 *   that drupal_get_form() was originally called with are available in the
 *   array $form_state['build_info']['args'].
1194
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1196
 * @param $form_id
 *   String representing the name of the form itself. Typically this is the
 *   name of the function that generated the form.
1197
 *
1198
 * @see hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter()
1199
 * @see hook_form_FORM_ID_alter()
1200
 */
1201
function hook_form_alter(&$form, &$form_state, $form_id) {
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  if (isset($form['type']) && $form['type']['#value'] . '_node_settings' == $form_id) {
    $form['workflow']['upload_' . $form['type']['#value']] = array(
      '#type' => 'radios',
      '#title' => t('Attachments'),
      '#default_value' => variable_get('upload_' . $form['type']['#value'], 1),
      '#options' => array(t('Disabled'), t('Enabled')),
    );
  }
}

/**
 * Provide a form-specific alteration instead of the global hook_form_alter().
 *
 * Modules can implement hook_form_FORM_ID_alter() to modify a specific form,
 * rather than implementing hook_form_alter() and checking the form ID, or
 * using long switch statements to alter multiple forms.
 *
1219
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1222
 * Form alter hooks are called in the following order: hook_form_alter(),
 * hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter(), hook_form_FORM_ID_alter(). See
 * hook_form_alter() for more details.
 *
1223
1224
1225
 * @param $form
 *   Nested array of form elements that comprise the form.
 * @param $form_state
1226
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1228
 *   A keyed array containing the current state of the form. The arguments
 *   that drupal_get_form() was originally called with are available in the
 *   array $form_state['build_info']['args'].
1229
1230
1231
 * @param $form_id
 *   String representing the name of the form itself. Typically this is the
 *   name of the function that generated the form.
1232
 *
1233
 * @see hook_form_alter()
1234
 * @see hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter()
1235
 * @see drupal_prepare_form()
1236
 */
1237
function hook_form_FORM_ID_alter(&$form, &$form_state, $form_id) {
1238
  // Modification for the form with the given form ID goes here. For example, if
1239
  // FORM_ID is "user_register_form" this code would run only on the user
1240
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1242
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1247
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1249
  // registration form.

  // Add a checkbox to registration form about agreeing to terms of use.
  $form['terms_of_use'] = array(
    '#type' => 'checkbox',
    '#title' => t("I agree with the website's terms and conditions."),
    '#required' => TRUE,
  );
}

1250
/**
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1256
 * Provide a form-specific alteration for shared ('base') forms.
 *
 * By default, when drupal_get_form() is called, Drupal looks for a function
 * with the same name as the form ID, and uses that function to build the form.
 * In contrast, base forms allow multiple form IDs to be mapped to a single base
 * (also called 'factory') form function.
1257
1258
 *
 * Modules can implement hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter() to modify a specific
1259
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1261
1262
1263
1264
 * base form, rather than implementing hook_form_alter() and checking for
 * conditions that would identify the shared form constructor.
 *
 * To identify the base form ID for a particular form (or to determine whether
 * one exists) check the $form_state. The base form ID is stored under
 * $form_state['build_info']['base_form_id'].
1265
 *
1266
1267
 * See hook_forms() for more information on how to implement base forms in
 * Drupal.
1268
 *
1269
1270
1271
 * Form alter hooks are called in the following order: hook_form_alter(),
 * hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter(), hook_form_FORM_ID_alter(). See
 * hook_form_alter() for more details.
1272
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1280
 *
 * @param $form
 *   Nested array of form elements that comprise the form.
 * @param $form_state
 *   A keyed array containing the current state of the form.
 * @param $form_id
 *   String representing the name of the form itself. Typically this is the
 *   name of the function that generated the form.
 *
1281
 * @see hook_form_alter()
1282
1283
 * @see hook_form_FORM_ID_alter()
 * @see drupal_prepare_form()
1284
 * @see hook_forms()
1285
1286
1287
1288
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1291
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1294
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1296
1297
1298
 */
function hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter(&$form, &$form_state, $form_id) {
  // Modification for the form with the given BASE_FORM_ID goes here. For
  // example, if BASE_FORM_ID is "node_form", this code would run on every
  // node form, regardless of node type.

  // Add a checkbox to the node form about agreeing to terms of use.
  $form['terms_of_use'] = array(
    '#type' => 'checkbox',
    '#title' => t("I agree with the website's terms and conditions."),
    '#required' => TRUE,
  );
}

1299
/**
1300
 * Map form_ids to form builder functions.
1301
 *
1302
1303
 * By default, when drupal_get_form() is called, the system will look for a
 * function with the same name as the form ID, and use that function to build
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
 * the form. If no such function is found, Drupal calls this hook. Modules
 * implementing this hook can then provide their own instructions for mapping
 * form IDs to constructor functions. As a result, you can easily map multiple
 * form IDs to a single form constructor (referred to as a 'base' form).
 *
 * Using a base form can help to avoid code duplication, by allowing many
 * similar forms to use the same code base. Another benefit is that it becomes
 * much easier for other modules to apply a general change to the group of
 * forms; hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter() can be used to easily alter multiple
 * forms at once by directly targeting the shared base form.
 *
 * Two example use cases where base forms may be useful are given below.
1316
 *
1317
1318
1319
1320
 * First, you can use this hook to tell the form system to use a different
 * function to build certain forms in your module; this is often used to define
 * a form "factory" function that is used to build several similar forms. In
 * this case, your hook implementation will likely ignore all of the input
1321
1322
 * arguments. See node_forms() for an example of this. Note, node_forms() is the
 * hook_forms() implementation; the base form itself is defined in node_form().
1323
 *
1324
1325
1326
1327
 * Second, you could use this hook to define how to build a form with a
 * dynamically-generated form ID. In this case, you would need to verify that
 * the $form_id input matched your module's format for dynamically-generated
 * form IDs, and if so, act appropriately.
1328
 *
1329
1330
1331
 * @param $form_id
 *   The unique string identifying the desired form.
 * @param $args
1332
1333
1334
 *   An array containing the original arguments provided to drupal_get_form()
 *   or drupal_form_submit(). These are always passed to the form builder and
 *   do not have to be specified manually in 'callback arguments'.
1335
 *
1336
 * @return
1337
1338
 *   An associative array whose keys define form_ids and whose values are an
 *   associative array defining the following keys:
1339
1340
1341
 *   - callback: The name of the form builder function to invoke. This will be
 *     used for the base form ID, for example, to target a base form using
 *     hook_form_BASE_FORM_ID_alter().
1342
1343
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1346
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1348
1349
1350
1351
 *   - callback arguments: (optional) Additional arguments to pass to the
 *     function defined in 'callback', which are prepended to $args.
 *   - wrapper_callback: (optional) The name of a form builder function to
 *     invoke before the form builder defined in 'callback' is invoked. This
 *     wrapper callback may prepopulate the $form array with form elements,
 *     which will then be already contained in the $form that is passed on to
 *     the form builder defined in 'callback'. For example, a wrapper callback
 *     could setup wizard-alike form buttons that are the same for a variety of
 *     forms that belong to the wizard, which all share the same wrapper
 *     callback.
1352
 */
1353
function hook_forms($form_id, $args) {
1354
1355
  // Simply reroute the (non-existing) $form_id 'mymodule_first_form' to
  // 'mymodule_main_form'.
1356
  $forms['mymodule_first_form'] = array(
1357
    'callback' => 'mymodule_main_form',
1358
  );
1359
1360
1361

  // Reroute the $form_id and prepend an additional argument that gets passed to
  // the 'mymodule_main_form' form builder function.
1362
  $forms['mymodule_second_form'] = array(
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
    'callback' => 'mymodule_main_form',
    'callback arguments' => array('some parameter'),
  );

  // Reroute the $form_id, but invoke the form builder function
  // 'mymodule_main_form_wrapper' first, so we can prepopulate the $form array
  // that is passed to the actual form builder 'mymodule_main_form'.
  $forms['mymodule_wrapped_form'] = array(
    'callback' => 'mymodule_main_form',
    'wrapper_callback' => 'mymodule_main_form_wrapper',
1373
  );
1374

1375
1376
1377
1378
  return $forms;
}

/**
1379
 * Perform setup tasks for all page requests.
1380
1381
 *
 * This hook is run at the beginning of the page request. It is typically
1382
 * used to set up global parameters that are needed later in the request.
1383
 *
1384
1385
 * Only use this hook if your code must run even for cached page views. This
 * hook is called before modules or most include files are loaded into memory.
1386
 * It happens while Drupal is still in bootstrap mode.
1387
1388
 *
 * @see hook_init()
1389
1390
 */
function hook_boot() {
1391
  // We need user_access() in the shutdown function. Make sure it gets loaded.
1392
  drupal_load('module', 'user');
1393
  drupal_register_shutdown_function('devel_shutdown');
1394
1395
1396
}

/**
1397
 * Perform setup tasks for non-cached page requests.
1398
1399
 *
 * This hook is run at the beginning of the page request. It is typically
1400
1401
 * used to set up global parameters that are needed later in the request.
 * When this hook is called, all modules are already loaded in memory.
1402
 *
1403
1404
1405
1406
 * This hook is not run on cached pages.
 *
 * To add CSS or JS that should be present on all pages, modules should not
 * implement this hook, but declare these files in their .info file.
1407
1408
 *
 * @see hook_boot()
1409
1410
 */
function hook_init() {
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
  // Since this file should only be loaded on the front page, it cannot be
  // declared in the info file.
  if (drupal_is_front_page()) {
    drupal_add_css(drupal_get_path('module', 'foo') . '/foo.css');
  }
1416
1417
1418
}

/**
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
 * Define image toolkits provided by this module.
 *
 * The file which includes each toolkit's functions must be declared as part of
 * the files array in the module .info file so that the registry will find and
 * parse it.
 *
 * The toolkit's functions must be named image_toolkitname_operation().
 * where the operation may be:
 *   - 'load': Required. See image_gd_load() for usage.
 *   - 'save': Required. See image_gd_save() for usage.
 *   - 'settings': Optional. See image_gd_settings() for usage.
 *   - 'resize': Optional. See image_gd_resize() for usage.
1431
 *   - 'rotate': Optional. See image_gd_rotate() for usage.
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
 *   - 'crop': Optional. See image_gd_crop() for usage.
 *   - 'desaturate': Optional. See image_gd_desaturate() for usage.
 *
 * @return
 *   An array with the toolkit name as keys and sub-arrays with these keys:
 *     - 'title': A string with the toolkit's title.
 *     - 'available': A Boolean value to indicate that the toolkit is operating
 *       properly, e.g. all required libraries exist.
 *
 * @see system_image_toolkits()
 */
1443
function hook_image_toolkits() {
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
  return array(
    'working' => array(
      'title' => t('A toolkit that works.'),
      'available' => TRUE,
    ),
    'broken' => array(
      'title' => t('A toolkit that is "broken" and will not be listed.'),
      'available' => FALSE,
    ),
  );
1454
1455
1456
}

/**
1457
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1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
 * Alter an email message created with the drupal_mail() function.
 *
 * hook_mail_alter() allows modification of email messages created and sent
 * with drupal_mail(). Usage examples include adding and/or changing message
 * text, message fields, and message headers.
 *
 * Email messages sent using functions other than drupal_mail() will not
 * invoke hook_mail_alter(). For example, a contributed module directly
1465
 * calling the drupal_mail_system()->mail() or PHP mail() function
1466
 * will not invoke this hook. All core modules use drupal_mail() for
1467
 * messaging, it is best practice but not mandatory in contributed modules.
1468
1469
 *
 * @param $message
1470
 *   An array containing the message data. Keys in this array include:
1471
 *  - 'id':
1472
 *     The drupal_mail() id of the message. Look at module source code or
1473
 *     drupal_mail() for possible id values.
1474
 *  - 'to':
1475
 *     The address or addresses the message will be sent to. The
1476
 *     formatting of this string must comply with RFC 2822.
1477
 *  - 'from':
1478
1479
 *     The address the message will be marked as being from, which is
 *     either a custom address or the site-wide default email address.
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
 *  - 'subject':
 *     Subject of the email to be sent. This must not contain any newline
 *     characters, or the email may not be sent properly.
 *  - 'body':
 *     An array of strings containing the message text. The message body is
1485
 *     created by concatenating the individual array strings into a single text
1486
1487
 *     string using "\n\n" as a separator.
 *  - 'headers':
1488
 *     Associative array containing mail headers, such as From, Sender,
1489
 *     MIME-Version, Content-Type, etc.
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
 *  - 'params':
 *     An array of optional parameters supplied by the caller of drupal_mail()
 *     that is used to build the message before hook_mail_alter() is invoked.
 *  - 'language':
 *     The language object used to build the message before hook_mail_alter()
 *     is invoked.
1496
1497
 *  - 'send':
 *     Set to FALSE to abort sending this email message.
1498
1499
 *
 * @see drupal_mail()
1500
1501
 */
function hook_mail_alter(&$message) {
1502
  if ($message['id'] == 'modulename_messagekey') {
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
    if (!example_notifications_optin($message['to'], $message['id'])) {
      // If the recipient has opted to not receive such messages, cancel
      // sending.
      $message['send'] = FALSE;
      return;
    }
1509
    $message['body'][] = "--\nMail sent out from " . variable_get('site_name', t('Drupal'));
1510
1511
1512
  }
}

1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
/**
 * Alter the registry of modules implementing a hook.
 *
 * This hook is invoked during module_implements(). A module may implement this
 * hook in order to reorder the implementing modules, which are otherwise
 * ordered by the module's system weight.
 *
1520
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1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
 * Note that hooks invoked using drupal_alter() can have multiple variations
 * (such as hook_form_alter() and hook_form_FORM_ID_alter()). drupal_alter()
 * will call all such variants defined by a single module in turn. For the
 * purposes of hook_module_implements_alter(), these variants are treated as
 * a single hook. Thus, to ensure that your implementation of
 * hook_form_FORM_ID_alter() is called at the right time, you will have to
 * have to change the order of hook_form_alter() implementation in
 * hook_module_implements_alter().
 *
1529
 * @param $implementations
1530
1531
1532
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1534
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1536
1537
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1542
1543
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1547
 *   An array keyed by the module's name. The value of each item corresponds
 *   to a $group, which is usually FALSE, unless the implementation is in a
 *   file named $module.$group.inc.
 * @param $hook
 *   The name of the module hook being implemented.
 */
function hook_module_implements_alter(&$implementations, $hook) {
  if ($hook == 'rdf_mapping') {
    // Move my_module_rdf_mapping() to the end of the list. module_implements()
    // iterates through $implementations with a foreach loop which PHP iterates
    // in the order that the items were added, so to move an item to the end of
    // the array, we remove it and then add it.
    $group = $implementations['my_module'];
    unset($implementations['my_module']);
    $implementations['my_module'] = $group;
  }
}

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/**
 * Return additional themes provided by modules.
 *
 * Only use this hook for testing purposes. Use a hidden MYMODULE_test.module
 * to implement this hook. Testing themes should be hidden, too.
 *
 * This hook is invoked from _system_rebuild_theme_data() and allows modules to
 * register additional themes outside of the regular 'themes' directories of a
 * Drupal installation.
 *
 * @return
 *   An associative array. Each key is the system name of a theme and each value
 *   is the corresponding path to the theme's .info file.
 */
function hook_system_theme_info() {
  $themes['mymodule_test_theme'] = drupal_get_path('module', 'mymodule') . '/mymodule_test_theme/mymodule_test_theme.info';
  return $themes;
}

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/**
 * Alter the information parsed from module and theme .info files
 *
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 * This hook is invoked in _system_rebuild_module_data() and in
 * _system_rebuild_theme_data(). A module may implement this hook in order to
 * add to or alter the data generated by reading the .info file with
 * drupal_parse_info_file().
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 *
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 * @param $info
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 *   The .info file contents, passed by reference so that it can be altered.
 * @param $file
 *   Full information about the module or theme, including $file->name, and
 *   $file->filename
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 * @param $type
 *   Either 'module' or 'theme', depending on the type of .info file that was
 *   passed.
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 */
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function hook_system_info_alter(&$info, $file, $type) {
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  // Only fill this in if the .info file does not define a 'datestamp'.
  if (empty($info['datestamp'])) {
    $info['datestamp'] = filemtime($file->filename);
  }
}

/**
 * Define user permissions.
 *
 * This hook can supply permissions that the module defines, so that they
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 * can be selected on the user permissions page and used to grant or restrict
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 * access to actions the module performs.
 *
 * Permissions are checked using user_access().
 *
 * For a detailed usage example, see page_example.module.
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 *
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 * @return
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 *   An array whose keys are permission names and whose corresponding values
 *   are arrays containing the following key-value pairs:
 *   - title: The human-readable name of the permission, to be shown on the
 *     permission administration page. This should be wrapped in the t()
 *     function so it can be translated.
 *   - description: (optional) A description of what the permission does. This
 *     should be wrapped in the t() function so it can be translated.
 *   - restrict access: (optional) A boolean which can be set to TRUE to
 *     indicate that site administrators should restrict access to this
 *     permission to trusted users. This should be used for permissions that
 *     have inherent security risks across a variety of potential use cases
 *     (for example, the "administer filters" and "bypass node access"
 *     permissions provided by Drupal core). When set to TRUE, a standard
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 *     warning message defined in user_admin_permissions() and output via
 *     theme_user_permission_description() will be associated with the
 *     permission and displayed with it on the permission administration page.
 *     Defaults to FALSE.
 *   - warning: (optional) A translated warning message to display for this
 *     permission on the permission administration page. This warning overrides
 *     the automatic warning generated by 'restrict access' being set to TRUE.
 *     This should rarely be used, since it is important for all permissions to
 *     have a clear, consistent security warning that is the same across the
 *     site. Use the 'description' key instead to provide any information that
 *     is specific to the permission you are defining.
 *
 * @see theme_user_permission_description()
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 */
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function hook_permission() {
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  return array(
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    'administer my module' =>  array(
      'title' => t('Administer my module'),
      'description' => t('Perform administration tasks for my module.'),
    ),
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  );
}

/**
 * Register a module (or theme's) theme implementations.
 *
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 * The implementations declared by this hook have two purposes: either they
 * specify how a particular render array is to be rendered as HTML (this is
 * usually the case if the theme function is assigned to the render array's
 * #theme property), or they return the HTML that should be returned by an
 * invocation of theme().
 *
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 * The following parameters are all optional.
 *
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 * @param array $existing
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 *   An array of existing implementations that may be used for override
 *   purposes. This is primarily useful for themes that may wish to examine
 *   existing implementations to extract data (such as arguments) so that
 *   it may properly register its own, higher priority implementations.
 * @param $type
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 *   Whether a theme, module, etc. is being processed. This is primarily useful
 *   so that themes tell if they are the actual theme being called or a parent
 *   theme. May be one of:
 *   - 'module': A module is being checked for theme implementations.
 *   - 'base_theme_engine': A theme engine is being checked for a theme that is
 *     a parent of the actual theme being used.
 *   - 'theme_engine': A theme engine is being checked for the actual theme
 *     being used.
 *   - 'base_theme': A base theme is being checked for theme implementations.
 *   - 'theme': The actual theme in use is being checked.
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 * @param $theme
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 *   The actual name of theme, module, etc. that is being being processed.
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 * @param $path
 *   The directory path of the theme or module, so that it doesn't need to be
 *   looked up.
 *
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 * @return array
 *   An associative array of theme hook information. The keys on the outer
 *   array are the internal names of the hooks, and the values are arrays
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