file.module 30.8 KB
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<?php
// $Id$

/**
 * @file
 * Defines a "managed_file" Form API field and a "file" field for Field module.
 */

// Load all Field module hooks for File.
require(DRUPAL_ROOT . '/modules/file/file.field.inc');

/**
 * Implement hook_menu().
 */
function file_menu() {
  $items = array();

  $items['file/ajax'] = array(
    'page callback' => 'file_ajax_upload',
    'access arguments' => array('access content'),
    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
  );
  $items['file/progress'] = array(
    'page callback' => 'file_ajax_progress',
    'access arguments' => array('access content'),
    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
  );

  return $items;
}

/**
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 * Implement hook_element_info().
 *
 * The managed file element may be used independently anywhere in Drupal.
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 */
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function file_element_info() {
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  $file_path = drupal_get_path('module', 'file');
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  $types['managed_file'] = array(
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    '#input' => TRUE,
    '#process' => array('file_managed_file_process'),
    '#value_callback' => 'file_managed_file_value',
    '#element_validate' => array('file_managed_file_validate'),
    '#theme' => 'file_managed_file',
    '#theme_wrappers' => array('form_element'),
    '#progress_indicator' => 'throbber',
    '#progress_message' => NULL,
    '#upload_validators' => array(),
    '#upload_location' => NULL,
    '#extended' => FALSE,
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    '#attached' => array(
      'css' => array($file_path . '/file.css'),
      'js' => array($file_path . '/file.js'),
    ),
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  );
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  return $types;
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}

/**
 * Implement hook_theme().
 */
function file_theme() {
  return array(
    // file.module.
    'file_link' => array(
      'arguments' => array('file' => NULL),
    ),
    'file_icon' => array(
      'arguments' => array('file' => NULL),
    ),
    'file_managed_file' => array(
      'arguments' => array('element' => NULL),
    ),

    // file.field.inc.
    'file_widget' => array(
      'arguments' => array('element' => NULL),
    ),
    'file_widget_multiple' => array(
      'arguments' => array('element' => NULL),
    ),
    'file_upload_help' => array(
      'arguments' => array('upload_validators' => NULL),
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implement hook_file_download().
 */
function file_file_download($uri) {
  global $user;

  // Get the file record based on the URI. If not in the database just return.
  $files = file_load_multiple(array(), array('uri' => $uri));
  if (count($files)) {
    $file = reset($files);
  }
  else {
    return;
  }

  // Find out which (if any) file fields contain this file.
  $references = file_get_file_references($file);

  // TODO: Check field-level access if available here.

  $denied = NULL;
  // Check access to content containing the file fields. If access is allowed
  // to any of this content, allow the download.
  foreach ($references as $field_name => $field_references) {
    foreach ($field_references as $obj_type => $type_references) {
      foreach ($type_references as $reference) {
        // If access is allowed to any object, immediately stop and grant
        // access. If access is denied, continue through in case another object
        // grants access.
        // TODO: Switch this to a universal access check mechanism if available.
        if ($obj_type == 'node' && ($node = node_load($reference->nid))) {
          if (node_access('view', $node)) {
            $denied = FALSE;
            break 3;
          }
          else {
            $denied = TRUE;
          }
        }
        if ($obj_type == 'user') {
          if (user_access('access user profiles') || $user->uid == $reference->uid) {
            $denied = FALSE;
            break 3;
          }
          else {
            $denied = TRUE;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // No access was denied or granted.
  if (!isset($denied)) {
    return;
  }
  // Access specifically denied and not granted elsewhere.
  elseif ($denied == TRUE) {
    return -1;
  }

  // Access is granted.
  $name = mime_header_encode($file->filename);
  $type = mime_header_encode($file->filemime);
  // Serve images, text, and flash content for display rather than download.
  $inline_types = variable_get('file_inline_types', array('^text/', '^image/', 'flash$'));
  $disposition = 'attachment';
  foreach ($inline_types as $inline_type) {
    // Exclamation marks are used as delimiters to avoid escaping slashes.
    if (preg_match('!' . $inline_type . '!', $file->filemime)) {
      $disposition = 'inline';
    }
  }

  return array(
    'Content-Type' => $type . '; name="' . $name . '"',
    'Content-Length' => $file->filesize,
    'Content-Disposition' => $disposition . '; filename="' . $name . '"',
    'Cache-Control' => 'private',
  );
}

/**
 * Menu callback; Shared AJAX callback for file uploads and deletions.
 *
 * This rebuilds the form element for a particular field item. As long as the
 * form processing is properly encapsulated in the widget element the form
 * should rebuild correctly using FAPI without the need for additional callbacks
 * or processing.
 */
function file_ajax_upload() {
  $form_parents = func_get_args();
  $form_build_id = (string) array_pop($form_parents);

  if (empty($_POST['form_build_id']) || $form_build_id != $_POST['form_build_id']) {
    // Invalid request.
    drupal_set_message(t('An unrecoverable error occurred. The uploaded file likely exceeded the maximum file size (@size) that this server supports.', array('@size' => format_size(file_upload_max_size()))), 'error');
    $commands = array();
    $commands[] = ajax_command_replace(NULL, theme('status_messages'));
    ajax_render($commands, FALSE);
  }

  list($form, $form_state, $form_id, $form_build_id) = ajax_get_form();

  if (!$form) {
    // Invalid form_build_id.
    drupal_set_message(t('An unrecoverable error occurred. Use of this form has expired. Try reloading the page and submitting again.'), 'error');
    $commands = array();
    $commands[] = ajax_command_replace(NULL, theme('status_messages'));
    ajax_render($commands, FALSE);
  }

  // Get the current element and count the number of files.
  $current_element = $form;
  foreach ($form_parents as $parent) {
    $current_element = $current_element[$parent];
  }
  $current_file_count = isset($current_element['#file_upload_delta']) ? $current_element['#file_upload_delta'] : 0;

  // Build, validate and if possible, submit the form.
  drupal_process_form($form_id, $form, $form_state);

  // This call recreates the form relying solely on the form_state that the
  // drupal_process_form() set up.
  $form = drupal_rebuild_form($form_id, $form_state, $form_build_id);

  // Retrieve the element to be rendered.
  foreach ($form_parents as $parent) {
    $form = $form[$parent];
  }

  // Add the special AJAX class if a new file was added.
  if (isset($form['#file_upload_delta']) && $current_file_count < $form['#file_upload_delta']) {
    $form[$current_file_count]['#attributes']['class'][] = 'ajax-new-content';
  }
  // Otherwise just add the new content class on a placeholder.
  else {
    $form['#suffix'] .= '<span class="ajax-new-content"></span>';
  }

  $output = theme('status_messages') . drupal_render($form);
  $js = drupal_add_js();
  $settings = call_user_func_array('array_merge_recursive', $js['settings']['data']);

  $commands = array();
  $commands[] = ajax_command_replace(NULL, $output, $settings);
  ajax_render($commands, FALSE);
}

/**
 * Menu callback for upload progress.
 *
 * @param $key
 *   The unique key for this upload process.
 */
function file_ajax_progress($key) {
  $progress = array(
    'message' => t('Starting upload...'),
    'percentage' => -1,
  );

  $implementation = file_progress_implementation();
  if ($implementation == 'uploadprogress') {
    $status = uploadprogress_get_info($key);
    if (isset($status['bytes_uploaded']) && !empty($status['bytes_total'])) {
      $progress['message'] = t('Uploading... (@current of @total)', array('@current' => format_size($status['bytes_uploaded']), '@total' => format_size($status['bytes_total'])));
      $progress['percentage'] = round(100 * $status['bytes_uploaded'] / $status['bytes_total']);
    }
  }
  elseif ($implementation == 'apc') {
    $status = apc_fetch('upload_' . $key);
    if (isset($status['current']) && !empty($status['total'])) {
      $progress['message'] = t('Uploading... (@current of @total)', array('@current' => format_size($status['current']), '@total' => format_size($status['total'])));
      $progress['percentage'] = round(100 * $status['current'] / $status['total']);
    }
  }

  drupal_json($progress);
}

/**
 * Determine the preferred upload progress implementation.
 *
 * @return
 *   A string indicating which upload progress system is available. Either "apc"
 *   or "uploadprogress". If neither are available, returns FALSE.
 */
function file_progress_implementation() {
  static $implementation;
  if (!isset($implementation)) {
    $implementation = FALSE;

    // We prefer the PECL extension uploadprogress because it supports multiple
    // simultaneous uploads. APC only supports one at a time.
    if (extension_loaded('uploadprogress')) {
      $implementation = 'uploadprogress';
    }
    elseif (extension_loaded('apc') && ini_get('apc.rfc1867')) {
      $implementation = 'apc';
    }
  }
  return $implementation;
}

/**
 * Implement hook_file_references().
 */
function file_file_references($file) {
  $count = file_get_file_reference_count($file);
  return $count ? array('file' => $count) : NULL;
}

/**
 * Implement hook_file_delete().
 */
function file_file_delete($file) {
  // TODO: Remove references to a file that is in-use.
}

/**
 * Process function to expand the managed_file element type.
 *
 * Expands the file type to include Upload and Remove buttons, as well as
 * support for a default value.
 */
function file_managed_file_process($element, &$form_state, $form) {
  $fid = isset($element['#value']['fid']) ? $element['#value']['fid'] : 0;

  // Set some default element properties.
  $element['#progress_indicator'] = empty($element['#progress_indicator']) ? 'none' : $element['#progress_indicator'];
  $element['#file'] = $fid ? file_load($fid) : FALSE;
  $element['#tree'] = TRUE;

  $ajax_settings = array(
    'path' => 'file/ajax/' . implode('/', $element['#parents']) . '/' . $form['form_build_id']['#value'],
    'wrapper' => $element['#id'] . '-ajax-wrapper',
    'method' => 'replace',
    'effect' => 'fade',
    'progress' => array(
      'type' => $element['#progress_indicator'],
      'message' => $element['#progress_message'],
    ),
  );

  // Set up the buttons first since we need to check if they were clicked.
  $element['upload_button'] = array(
    '#name' => implode('_', $element['#parents']) . '_upload_button',
    '#type' => 'submit',
    '#value' => t('Upload'),
    '#validate' => array(),
    '#submit' => array('file_managed_file_submit'),
    '#ajax' => $ajax_settings,
    '#weight' => -5,
  );

  $ajax_settings['progress']['type'] ? $ajax_settings['progress']['type'] == 'bar' : 'throbber';
  $ajax_settings['progress']['message'] = NULL;
  $ajax_settings['effect'] = 'none';
  $element['remove_button'] = array(
    '#name' => implode('_', $element['#parents']) . '_remove_button',
    '#type' => 'submit',
    '#value' => t('Remove'),
    '#validate' => array(),
    '#submit' => array('file_managed_file_submit'),
    '#ajax' => $ajax_settings,
    '#weight' => -5,
  );

  // Because the output of this field changes depending on the button clicked,
  // we need to ask FAPI immediately if the remove button was clicked.
  // It's not good that we call this private function, but
  // $form_state['clicked_button'] is only available after this #process
  // callback is finished.
  if (_form_button_was_clicked($element['remove_button'], $form_state)) {
    // If it's a temporary file we can safely remove it immediately, otherwise
    // it's up to the implementing module to clean up files that are in use.
    if ($element['#file'] && $element['#file']->status == 0) {
      file_delete($element['#file']);
    }
    $element['#file'] = FALSE;
    $fid = 0;
  }

  // Set access on the buttons.
  $element['upload_button']['#access'] = empty($fid);
  $element['remove_button']['#access'] = !empty($fid);

  $element['fid'] = array(
    '#type' => 'hidden',
    '#value' => $fid,
  );

  // Add progress bar support to the upload if possible.
  if ($element['#progress_indicator'] == 'bar' && $implementation = file_progress_implementation()) {
    $upload_progress_key = md5(mt_rand());

    if ($implementation == 'uploadprogress') {
      $element['UPLOAD_IDENTIFIER'] = array(
        '#type' => 'hidden',
        '#value' => $upload_progress_key,
        '#attributes' => array('class' => array('file-progress')),
      );
    }
    elseif ($implementation == 'apc') {
      $element['APC_UPLOAD_PROGRESS'] = array(
        '#type' => 'hidden',
        '#value' => $upload_progress_key,
        '#attributes' => array('class' => array('file-progress')),
      );
    }

    // Add the upload progress callback.
    $element['upload_button']['#ajax']['progress']['path'] = 'file/progress/' . $upload_progress_key;
  }

  // The file upload field itself.
  $element['upload'] = array(
    '#name' => 'files[' . implode('_', $element['#parents']) . ']',
    '#type' => 'file',
    '#size' => 22,
    '#access' => empty($fid),
    '#theme_wrappers' => array(),
    '#weight' => -10,
  );

  if ($fid && $element['#file']) {
    $element['filename'] = array(
      '#type' => 'markup',
      '#markup' => theme('file_link', $element['#file']) . ' ',
      '#weight' => -10,
    );
  }

  // The "accept" attribute is valid XHTML, but not enforced in browsers.
  // We use it for our own purposes in our JavaScript validation.
  if (isset($element['#upload_validators']['file_validate_extensions'][0])) {
    $element['upload']['#attributes']['accept'] = implode(',', array_filter(explode(' ', $element['#upload_validators']['file_validate_extensions'][0])));
  }

  // Prefix and suffix used for AJAX replacement.
  $element['#prefix'] = '<div id="' . $element['#id'] . '-ajax-wrapper">';
  $element['#suffix'] = '</div>';

  return $element;
}

/**
 * The #value_callback for a managed_file type element.
 */
function file_managed_file_value(&$element, $input = FALSE, $form_state = NULL) {
  $fid = 0;

  // Find the current value of this field from the form state.
  $form_state_fid = $form_state['values'];
  foreach ($element['#parents'] as $parent) {
    $form_state_fid = isset($form_state_fid[$parent]) ? $form_state_fid[$parent] : 0;
  }

  if ($element['#extended'] && isset($form_state_fid['fid'])) {
    $fid = $form_state_fid['fid'];
  }
  elseif (is_numeric($form_state_fid)) {
    $fid = $form_state_fid;
  }

  // Process any input and save new uploads.
  if ($input !== FALSE) {
    $return = $input;

    // Uploads take priority over all other values.
    if ($file = file_managed_file_save_upload($element)) {
      $fid = $file->fid;
    }
    else {
      // Check for #filefield_value_callback values.
      // Because FAPI does not allow multiple #value_callback values like it
      // does for #element_validate and #process, this fills the missing
      // functionality to allow File fields to be extended through FAPI.
      if (isset($element['#file_value_callbacks'])) {
        foreach ($element['#file_value_callbacks'] as $callback) {
          $callback($element, $input);
        }
      }
      // Load file if the FID has changed to confirm it exists.
      if (isset($input['fid']) && $file = file_load($input['fid'])) {
        $fid = $file->fid;
      }
    }
  }

  // If there is no input, set the default value.
  else {
    if ($element['#extended']) {
      $default_fid = isset($element['#default_value']['fid']) ? $element['#default_value']['fid'] : 0;
      $return = isset($element['#default_value']) ? $element['#default_value'] : array('fid' => 0);
    }
    else {
      $default_fid = isset($element['#default_value']) ? $element['#default_value'] : 0;
      $return = array('fid' => 0);
    }

    // Confirm that the file exists when used as a default value.
    if ($default_fid && $file = file_load($default_fid)) {
      $fid = $file->fid;
    }
  }

  $return['fid'] = $fid;

  return $return;
}

/**
 * An #element_validate callback for the managed_file element.
 */
function file_managed_file_validate(&$element, &$form_state) {
  // If referencing an existing file, only allow if there are existing
  // references. This prevents unmanaged files from being deleted if this
  // item were to be deleted.
  $clicked_button = end($form_state['clicked_button']['#parents']);
  if ($clicked_button != 'remove_button' && !empty($element['fid']['#value'])) {
    if ($file = file_load($element['fid']['#value'])) {
      if ($file->status == FILE_STATUS_PERMANENT) {
        $reference_count = 0;
        foreach (module_invoke_all('file_references', $file) as $module => $references) {
          $reference_count += $references;
        }
        if ($reference_count == 0) {
          form_error($element, t('Referencing to the file used in the !name field is not allowed.', array('!name' => $element['#title'])));
        }
      }
    }
    else {
      form_error($element, t('The file referenced by the !name field does not exist.', array('!name' => $element['#title'])));
    }
  }

  // Check required property based on the FID.
  if ($element['#required'] && empty($element['fid']['#value']) && !in_array($clicked_button, array('upload_button', 'remove_button'))) {
    form_error($element['upload'], t('!name field is required.', array('!name' => $element['#title'])));
  }

  // Consolidate the array value of this field to a single FID.
  if (!$element['#extended']) {
    form_set_value($element, $element['fid']['#value'], $form_state);
  }
}

/**
 * Submit handler for non-JavaScript uploads.
 */
function file_managed_file_submit($form, &$form_state) {
  // Do not redirect and leave the page after uploading a file. This keeps
  // all the current form values in place. The file is saved by the
  // #value_callback on the form element.
  $form_state['redirect'] = FALSE;
}

/**
 * Given a managed_file element, save any files that have been uploaded into it.
 *
 * @param $element
 *   The FAPI element whose values are being saved.
 * @return
 *   The file object representing the file that was saved, or FALSE if no file
 *   was saved.
 */
function file_managed_file_save_upload($element) {
  $upload_name = implode('_', $element['#parents']);
  if (empty($_FILES['files']['name'][$upload_name])) {
    return FALSE;
  }

  $destination = isset($element['#upload_location']) ? $element['#upload_location'] : NULL;
  if (isset($destination) && !file_prepare_directory($destination, FILE_CREATE_DIRECTORY)) {
    watchdog('file', 'The upload directory %directory for the file field !name could not be created or is not accessible. A newly uploaded file could not be saved in this directory as a consequence, and the upload was canceled.', array('%directory' => $destination, '!name' => $element['#field_name']));
    form_set_error($upload_name, t('The file could not be uploaded.'));
    return FALSE;
  }

  if (!$file = file_save_upload($upload_name, $element['#upload_validators'], $destination)) {
    watchdog('file', 'The file upload failed. %upload', array('%upload' => $upload_name));
    form_set_error($upload_name, t('The file in the !name field was unable to be uploaded.', array('!name' => $element['#title'])));
    return FALSE;
  }

  return $file;
}

/**
 * Theme a managed file element.
 */
function theme_file_managed_file($element) {
  // This wrapper is required to apply JS behaviors and CSS styling.
  $output = '';
  $output .= '<div class="form-managed-file">';
  $output .= drupal_render_children($element);
  $output .= '</div>';
  return $output;
}

/**
 * Output a link to a file.
 *
 * @param $file
 *   A file object to which the link will be created.
 */
function theme_file_link($file) {
  $url = file_create_url($file->uri);
  $icon = theme('file_icon', $file);

  // Set options as per anchor format described at
  // http://microformats.org/wiki/file-format-examples
  $options = array(
    'attributes' => array(
      'type' => $file->filemime . '; length=' . $file->filesize,
    ),
  );

  // Use the description as the link text if available.
  if (empty($file->data['description'])) {
    $link_text = check_plain($file->filename);
  }
  else {
    $link_text = check_plain($file->data['description']);
    $options['attributes']['title'] = check_plain($file->filename);
  }

  return '<span class="file">' . $icon . ' ' . l($link_text, $url, $options) . '</span>';
}

/**
 * Return an image with an appropriate icon for the given file.
 *
 * @param $file
 *   A file object for which to make an icon.
 */
function theme_file_icon($file) {
  $mime = check_plain($file->filemime);
  $icon_url = file_icon_url($file);
  return '<img class="file-icon" alt="" title="' . $mime . '" src="' . $icon_url . '" />';
}

/**
 * Given a file object, create a URL to a matching icon.
 *
 * @param $file
 *   A file object.
 * @param $icon_directory
 *   (optional) A path to a directory of icons to be used for files. Defaults to
 *   the value of the "file_icon_directory" variable.
 * @return
 *   A URL string to the icon, or FALSE if an appropriate icon cannot be found.
 */
function file_icon_url($file, $icon_directory = NULL) {
  if ($icon_path = file_icon_path($file, $icon_directory)) {
    return base_path() . $icon_path;
  }
  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Given a file object, create a path to a matching icon.
 *
 * @param $file
 *   A file object.
 * @param $icon_directory
 *   (optional) A path to a directory of icons to be used for files. Defaults to
 *   the value of the "file_icon_directory" variable.
 * @return
 *   A string to the icon as a local path, or FALSE if an appropriate icon could
 *   not be found.
 */
function file_icon_path($file, $icon_directory = NULL) {
  // Use the default set of icons if none specified.
  if (!isset($icon_directory)) {
    $icon_directory = variable_get('file_icon_directory', drupal_get_path('module', 'file') . '/icons');
  }

  // If there's an icon matching the exact mimetype, go for it.
  $dashed_mime = strtr($file->filemime, array('/' => '-'));
  $icon_path = $icon_directory . '/' . $dashed_mime . '.png';
  if (file_exists($icon_path)) {
    return $icon_path;
  }

  // For a few mimetypes, we can "manually" map to a generic icon.
  $generic_mime = (string) file_icon_map($file);
  $icon_path = $icon_directory . '/' . $generic_mime . '.png';
  if ($generic_mime && file_exists($icon_path)) {
    return $icon_path;
  }

  // Use generic icons for each category that provides such icons.
  foreach (array('audio', 'image', 'text', 'video') as $category) {
    if (strpos($file->filemime, $category . '/') === 0) {
      $icon_path = $icon_directory . '/' . $category . '-x-generic.png';
      if (file_exists($icon_path)) {
        return $icon_path;
      }
    }
  }

  // Try application-octet-stream as last fallback.
  $icon_path = $icon_directory . '/application-octet-stream.png';
  if (file_exists($icon_path)) {
    return $icon_path;
  }

  // No icon can be found.
  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Determine the generic icon MIME package based on a file's MIME type.
 *
 * @param $file
 *   A file object.
 * @return
 *   The generic icon MIME package expected for this file.
 */
function file_icon_map($file) {
  switch ($file->filemime) {
    // Word document types.
    case 'application/msword':
    case 'application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text-template':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text-master':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text-web':
    case 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document':
    case 'application/vnd.stardivision.writer':
    case 'application/vnd.sun.xml.writer':
    case 'application/vnd.sun.xml.writer.template':
    case 'application/vnd.sun.xml.writer.global':
    case 'application/vnd.wordperfect':
    case 'application/x-abiword':
    case 'application/x-applix-word':
    case 'application/x-kword':
    case 'application/x-kword-crypt':
      return 'x-office-document';

    // Spreadsheet document types.
    case 'application/vnd.ms-excel':
    case 'application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet-template':
    case 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet':
    case 'application/vnd.stardivision.calc':
    case 'application/vnd.sun.xml.calc':
    case 'application/vnd.sun.xml.calc.template':
    case 'application/vnd.lotus-1-2-3':
    case 'application/x-applix-spreadsheet':
    case 'application/x-gnumeric':
    case 'application/x-kspread':
    case 'application/x-kspread-crypt':
      return 'x-office-spreadsheet';

    // Presentation document types.
    case 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint':
    case 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation':
    case 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation-template':
    case 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation':
    case 'application/vnd.stardivision.impress':
    case 'application/vnd.sun.xml.impress':
    case 'application/vnd.sun.xml.impress.template':
    case 'application/x-kpresenter':
      return 'x-office-presentation';

    // Compressed archive types.
    case 'application/zip':
    case 'application/x-zip':
    case 'application/stuffit':
    case 'application/x-stuffit':
    case 'application/x-7z-compressed':
    case 'application/x-ace':
    case 'application/x-arj':
    case 'application/x-bzip':
    case 'application/x-bzip-compressed-tar':
    case 'application/x-compress':
    case 'application/x-compressed-tar':
    case 'application/x-cpio-compressed':
    case 'application/x-deb':
    case 'application/x-gzip':
    case 'application/x-java-archive':
    case 'application/x-lha':
    case 'application/x-lhz':
    case 'application/x-lzop':
    case 'application/x-rar':
    case 'application/x-rpm':
    case 'application/x-tzo':
    case 'application/x-tar':
    case 'application/x-tarz':
    case 'application/x-tgz':
      return 'package-x-generic';

    // Script file types.
    case 'application/ecmascript':
    case 'application/javascript':
    case 'application/mathematica':
    case 'application/vnd.mozilla.xul+xml':
    case 'application/x-asp':
    case 'application/x-awk':
    case 'application/x-cgi':
    case 'application/x-csh':
    case 'application/x-m4':
    case 'application/x-perl':
    case 'application/x-php':
    case 'application/x-ruby':
    case 'application/x-shellscript':
    case 'text/vnd.wap.wmlscript':
    case 'text/x-emacs-lisp':
    case 'text/x-haskell':
    case 'text/x-literate-haskell':
    case 'text/x-lua':
    case 'text/x-makefile':
    case 'text/x-matlab':
    case 'text/x-python':
    case 'text/x-sql':
    case 'text/x-tcl':
      return 'text-x-script';

    // HTML aliases.
    case 'application/xhtml+xml':
      return 'text-html';

    // Executable types.
    case 'application/x-macbinary':
    case 'application/x-ms-dos-executable':
    case 'application/x-pef-executable':
      return 'application-x-executable';

    default:
      return FALSE;
  }
}

/**
 * @defgroup file-module-api File module public API functions
 * @{
 * These functions may be used to determine if and where a file is in use.
 */

/**
 * Return an array of file fields in an bundle or by field name.
 *
 * @param $bundle_type
 *   (optional) The bundle type on which to filter the list of fields. In the
 *   case of nodes, this is the node type.
 * @param $field
 *   (optional) A field array or name on which to filter the list.
 */
function file_get_field_list($bundle_type = NULL, $field = NULL) {
  // Build the list of fields to be used for retrieval.
  if (isset($field)) {
    if (is_string($field)) {
      $field = field_info_field($field);
    }
    $fields = array($field['field_name'] => $field);
  }
  elseif (isset($bundle_type)) {
    $instances = field_info_instances($bundle_type);
    $fields = array();
    foreach ($instances as $field_name => $instance) {
      $fields[$field_name] = field_info_field($field_name);
    }
  }
  else {
    $fields = field_info_fields();
  }

  // Filter down the list to just file fields.
  foreach ($fields as $key => $field) {
    if ($field['type'] != 'file') {
      unset($fields[$key]);
    }
  }

  return $fields;
}

/**
 * Count the number of times the file is referenced within a field.
 *
 * @param $file
 *   A file object.
 * @param $field
 *   Optional. The CCK field array or field name as a string.
 * @return
 *   An integer value.
 */
function file_get_file_reference_count($file, $field = NULL) {
  $fields = file_get_field_list(NULL, $field);
  $types = field_info_fieldable_types();
  $reference_count = 0;

  foreach ($fields as $field) {
    // TODO: Use a more efficient mechanism rather than actually retrieving
    // all the references themselves, such as using a COUNT() query.
    $references = file_get_file_references($file, $field);
    foreach ($references as $obj_type => $type_references) {
      $reference_count += count($type_references);
    }

    // If a field_name is present in the file object, the file is being deleted
    // from this field.
    if (isset($file->file_field_name) && $field['field_name'] == $file->file_field_name) {
      // If deleting the entire piece of content, decrement references.
      if (isset($file->file_field_type) && isset($file->file_field_id)) {
        if ($file->file_field_type == $obj_type) {
          $info = field_info_fieldable_types($obj_type);
          $id = $types[$obj_type]['object keys']['id'];
          foreach ($type_references as $reference) {
            if ($file->file_field_id == $reference->$id) {
              $reference_count--;
            }
          }
        }
      }
      // Otherwise we're just deleting a single reference in this field.
      else {
        $reference_count--;
      }
    }
  }

  return $reference_count;
}


/**
 * Get a list of references to a file by bundle and ID.
 *
 * @param $file
 *   A file object.
 * @param $field
 *   (optional) A field array to be used for this check.
 * @param $age
 *   (optional) A constant that specifies which references to count. Use
 *   FIELD_LOAD_REVISION to retrieve all references within all revisions or
 *   FIELD_LOAD_CURRENT to retrieve references only in the current revisions.
 * @return
 *   An integer value.
 */
function file_get_file_references($file, $field = NULL, $age = FIELD_LOAD_REVISION) {
  $references = drupal_static(__FUNCTION__, array());
  $fields = file_get_field_list(NULL, $field);

  foreach ($fields as $field_name => $file_field) {
    if (!isset($references[$field_name])) {
      // Get each time this file is used within a field.
      $cursor = 0;
      $references[$field_name] = field_attach_query($file_field['id'], array(array('fid', $file->fid)), FIELD_QUERY_NO_LIMIT, $cursor, $age);
    }
  }

  return isset($field) ? $references[$field['field_name']] : $references;
}

/**
 * @} End of "defgroup file-module-api".
 */