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# ActivityPub for Drupal

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Implements the ActivityPub protocol for your site. Readers will be able to
follow content on Mastodon and other federated platforms that support
ActivityPub. Responses are possible too (Like, Announce, Reply) with more to
come.

The module works with the following federated platforms:

- Mastodon

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Open an issue if you have successfully interacted with another platform!

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## Features

- Enable ActivityPub per user
- Block remote domains from posting
- Map Activity types to content types
- discovery via Webfinger module
- outbox and followers endpoints
- HttpSignature for authorization
- Accept follow requests, Undo (follow) as well
- Configure Activity types and properties
- Send posts via drush or cron

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## Installation and configuration.

Use composer require drupal/activitypub to get all dependencies:

- Drupal webfinger module
- Drupal nodeinfo module
- landrok/activitypub library

1. Enable Activitypub module
2. Configure permissions:
    - 'view user profiles' for anonymous users
    - 'allow users to enable activitypub' for authenticated user (or a role)
3. At this point, when a user has enabled activitypub at user
/x/activitypub/settings, they should be discoverable. Try searching for
@handle@domain on Mastodon. If you follow this user, an entry will arrive
in the inbox and an Accept outbox entry will be created automatically
4. Configure global settings at admin/config/services/activitypub to
select how to process those outbox activities. Then either run cron,
configure a crontab for the drush command or manually call it. The
outbox activities will be send then.
5. On admin/config/services/activitypub/activitypub-type you get an overview
of all ActivityPub Type configuration entities. Two are enabled (and locked)
when enabling this module, which are the 'Accept' and 'Delete' types.
6. Create your own configuration
    - Select 'Type plugin', only dynamic types are available
    - Select the content type which you want to map
    - Select the activity (See '1' and '2' underneath)
    - Select the object (use Note if you do not want to populate a title)
    - Map properties to the content type fields
7. When saved, go to the content type you selected. You can now select the
entity which will process this node in the 'ActivityPub outbox' fieldset.

**important**

1. The 'Send to' fieldset must currently have a value and point to a remote
user. Sending a post to multiple followers is in development and will arrive
soon.
2. Make sure a 'Reply' URL points to the canonical URL. For example,
do not use the URL in your browser for a Mastodon status
    - Will work: https://mastodon.social/@swentel/104960564425633436
    - Will not work: https://mastodon.social/web/statuses/104960564425633436

Footnotes:

1. Use Create when you want to send regular posts (e.g note, article or reply)
2. 'Announce' usually stands for the 'Boost'/'Retweet' response

## Plugins

ActivityPub types (activities, objects, etc) are managed by plugins. This module
ships with two types of plugins:

- Dynamic types: map content types and properties
- Static types: manages the 'Accept', 'Follow' and 'Undo' activity type.

**Important**: as this module is still alpha, the interface and methods will most
likely change, so be careful when implementing your own plugin. If a change
happens, the release notes of a new release will document those changes.

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## Public and Private keys

Public and private keys are saved in private://activitypub/keys.
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The default path can be overridden in settings.php via settings:
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```
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$settings['activitypub_keys_path'] = '/your/path/';
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```

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## Default avatar
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The default avatar path can be overridden in settings.php via settings:
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```
$settings['activitypub_default_avatar_path'] = '/default/image.png';
```

## Inbox and outbox

Every user has an inbox and outbox where activities from remote users are stored.

'Accept', 'Undo' and handled by the 'Static types' plugin. All other activity
types will be stored, but do not have any impact.

An overview can be found at user/x/activitypub.
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## Sending posts to followers

Activities in the outbox are stored in a queue and send either by
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cron or drush. Configure this at /admin/config/services/activitypub
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The drush command is activitypub:send-activities which has 3 parameters
- send: send activity request (defaults to 1)
- delete: remove queue item (defaults to 1)
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- debug: show command line debug messages (defaults to 0)
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## Drush commands
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- activitypub:send-activities: send activities ready to be processed
- activitypub:add-to-queue: adds an outbox activity to the queue
- activitypub:delete-activity: send a delete request
- activitypub:webfinger-info: test command to get info about a remote user
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## FAQ

### Can I follow users

Technically this would possible with a new plubin, but there's no (decent)
interface to view the incoming posts. In combination with the IndieWeb module,
you can setup a great stack where you can follow content from any source, and
interact with it as well.

### Can I use this together with the IndieWeb module

As mentioned in the previous question, you can use the Microsub module to
follow users and then use your favorite client to read content and interact via
Micropub.

If you are using a Micropub client (or in-built in a Reader), using one or
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more syndication targets can help you to create an outbox request. Create a
syndication target which is not a URL. These won't be added then to the
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webmention queue. Once done, you need to implement two hooks with custom code:
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```
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/**
 * Implements hook_indieweb_micropub_node_pre_create_alter().
 */
function hook_indieweb_micropub_node_pre_create_alter(&$values, &$payload) {
  // Reset mp-syndicate-to in case you configure to automatically send
  // a webmention to the link found in in-reply-to.
  if (!empty($payload['mp-syndicate-to'])) {
    if (in_array('activitypub_reply', $payload['mp-syndicate-to'])) {
      $payload['mp-syndicate-to'] = ['activitypub_reply'];
    }
  }
}

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/**
 * Implements hook_indieweb_micropub_node_saved().
 */
function hook_indieweb_micropub_node_saved(NodeInterface $node, $values, $payload, $payload_original) {
  if (!empty($payload_original['mp-syndicate-to'])) {
    foreach ($payload_original['mp-syndicate-to'] as $target) {
      switch ($target) {
        // Value of syndication target.
        case 'activitypub_reply':
          if ($node->bundle() == 'reply') {

            $values = [
              'status' => TRUE,
              'collection' => 'outbox',
              // id of reply config entity
              'config_id' => 'reply',
              'uid' => $node->getOwnerId(),
              // Replace {actor_name} with the activitypub name.
              'actor' => 'https://yourdomain.com/user/1/activitypub/{actor_name}',
              'entity_type_id' => 'node',
              'entity_id' => $node->id(),
              'processed' => FALSE,
            ];

            // This is a reply, so we have the in-reply-to microformat value.
            // Other values of this can be 'followers' or the canonical link
            // of a user.
            $values['object'] = $payload_original['in-reply-to'][0];

            /** @var \Drupal\activitypub\Entity\ActivityPubActivityInterface $activity */
            $activity = \Drupal::entityTypeManager()->getStorage('activitypub_activity')->create($values);
            $activity->save();
            \Drupal::service('activitypub.outbox.client')->createQueueItem($activity);
            Cache::invalidateTags(['user:' . $node->getOwnerId()]);
          }
          break;
      }
    }
  }
}
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```

### Can I send DM's

You can not at this moment, but you should probably just use e-mail :)
Although not tested yet, DM's probably will arrive in the inbox when a remote
user would send one.
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## Sponsors

I would like to extend many thanks to the following sponsors for funding development.

- [NLnet Foundation](https://nlnet.nl) and [NGI0
Discovery](https://nlnet.nl/discovery/), part of the [Next Generation
Internet](https://ngi.eu) initiative.